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2021: The Year in Jazz

2021: The Year in Jazz
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The jazz world continued grappling and adjusting in year two of the COVID-19 pandemic. International Jazz Day again went virtual for the most part. Singer Tony Bennett put the final stamp on his touring—and likely recording—career after his Alzheimer's disclosure. Trumpeter Irvin Mayfield was headed to federal prison. The National Endowment for the Arts welcomed four new NEA Jazz Masters and said farewell to seven others who were among the many industry-associated musicians and figures passing away during the year.

The pandemic, year two

Year two of the COVID-19 pandemic found many jazz clubs and festivals re-opening their doors and gates after more than a year off in many cases. Some clubs closed again late in the year due to the omicron variant's emergence and rapid spread. Live-streaming continued to grow, becoming a fine supplement to reach larger club audiences, as well as those who still feel leery of gathering in confined spaces. Pianist Emmet Cohen's weekly two-hour "Live From Emmet's Place," which is streamed on Monday nights from his Harlem apartment, became an Internet staple with its wide variety of guest singers and instrumentalists.

Venue adjustments, social distancing, mandates or suggestions for masking became a norm. For example: The Newport Jazz Festival resumed in 2021. It required proof of vaccination or a recent negative test before allowing gate entrance July 30-August 1, reduced its staging from four to two, and cut its daily capacity to about half the crowds from prior editions. The Montreal International Jazz Festival, normally attracting hundreds of thousands of fans to hear from bands around the world, moved from June to September and limited its on-site presentations to two large outdoor stages featuring only Canadian musicians. Two downtown clubs that were affiliated with the festival did present a couple of U.S.-based groups.

The New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival and French Quarter Festival, huge draws and economic boons for Louisiana, moved their usual spring dates from to fall, then canceled those, too, for a second year as COVID's Delta variant raged in the region. The 2021 edition of New York City's Winterfest opted for a live-streamed edition with talks, panel discussions and concerts running from January to March.

The local health department shut down the Bird's Eye Jazz Club in Basel, Switzerland, in September for exceeding pandemic capacity limits. With no live music at the venue for the near future, management said it would continue to pay fees to all previously-booked bands and would make the club available to bands on request for rehearsals and for recording. Denver's Dazzle Jazz Club, which started a Bread & Jam food pantry for struggling musicians in late 2020, turned the donor-supported program into a weekly Wednesday night funk jam session that guarantees a fair wage to the house band. Club openings with new health protocols ramped up in August and September. They included New York's Village Vanguard and Dizzy's Club, as well as Blues Alley in Washington DC. Some venues, including Preservation Hall in New Orleans—which reopened June 10, were closing down again late in the year because of the omicron spread.

COVID-19-related deaths in the global jazz community continued. The total rose to at least 120 since the pandemic began, with 64 in 2020 and at least 57 in 2021. Precise numbers are difficult to ascertain as some death notices, particularly in Europe, didn't list a cause. The 2021 high-profile losses included pianist, educator and NEA Jazz Master Barry Harris, saxophonist Andy Fusco, and Tony Falco, owner of the popular Hudson Valley NY jazz club, the Falcon.

International Jazz Day, Take Ten...

2021's International Jazz Day was the 10th edition of the UNESCO-sponsored global celebration of jazz. The April 30 event included performances, educational workshops, community service projects, panel discussions, jam sessions, radio and television broadcasts, virtual gatherings in all 50 U.S. states and more than 190 countries on all seven continents. Its annual All-Star Global Concert, hosted by actor Michael Douglas, was broadcast from United Nations Headquarters in New York, Los Angeles, UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, Cape Town, Moscow, Tokyo and Rio de Janeiro. Artistic Director Herbie Hancock noted that while the global pandemic continues to make life difficult for so many around the world, the events of the day "inspire us ... with joy, courage and hope for the future of jazz." The concert's many other performers included saxophonists Melissa Aldana (Chile), Igor Butman (Russia), Kenny Garrett, Joe Lovano and Rudresh Mahanthappa, pianists John Beasley (musical director), A Bu (China), Cyrus Chestnut, Gerald Clayton, Amina Figarova (Azerbaijan) and Junko Onishi (Japan), drummers Alex Acuña (Peru) and Antonio Sanchez (Mexico), bassists Massimo Biolcati (Italy), James Genus, Marcus Miller and Ben Williams, multi-instrumentalists Jacob Collier (England) and James Morrison (Australia), trumpeter Ingrid Jensen (Canada), guitarists Romero Lubambo (Brazil) and John McLaughlin (UK), vibraphonist Stefon Harris, singers Dee Dee Bridgewater, Andra Day, Roberta Gambarini (Italy), Angelique Kidjo (Benin), Dianne Reeves and Veronica Swift, and singer-trumpeter Mandisi Dyantyis (South Africa).

Jazzy Centennials...

More than a dozen jazz musicians marked their 100th birthdays posthumously during 2021. They included bandleader Nelson Riddle, bandoneonist and composer Astor Piazzolla, bassist Eddie Calhoun, composer and lyricist Bob Merrill, guitarists George Barnes and Tal Farlow, lyricist Hal David, percussionist Candido Camero, pianists John Bunch, Arthur Ferrante and Billy Taylor, saxophonist Jimmy Giuffre, singers Connie Haines and Jon Hendricks, trumpeters Humphrey Lyttelton and Freddy Randall, and violinist Andre Hodeir.

The year of Tony Bennett

This will be remembered as a career-climaxing year for singer Tony Bennett. First came word in the February 2021 issue of AARP magazine that the pop and jazz crooner had Alzheimer's. The disease was diagnosed in 2016, but the public had been unaware of Bennett's declining health because he kept on performing until the pandemic cut short his tour schedule in March 2020. On August 3 (his 95th birthday) and 4, Bennett returned to the stage for a pair of poignant final performances at Radio City Music Hall in New York. A week later, his son and manager, Danny Bennett, announced that Bennett was retiring from concerts and touring. He said that while his father remained a capable singer, he was getting frail and risked a major fall if he continued traveling. "One Last Time: An Evening with Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga" was broadcast on November 28 on CBS and streamed on Paramount+.

Bennett's final recording, another collaboration with Lady Gaga, Love For Sale (Columbia/Interscope, 2021), was released on September 30 in cassette format, a day later in LP and CD. It was nominated for six 2022 Grammy Awards, including album of the year, record of the year, best pop duo/group performance, best traditional pop vocal album, best music video, and best engineered album, non-classical. That 61st and likely final recording also earned Bennett a Guinness World Record. At age 95, he became the oldest person to release an album of new material. The session with Gaga is a Cole Porter tribute. Bennett, an NEA Jazz Master and Kennedy Center honoree, painter and philanthropist, has sold more than 50 million records in a 70-year singing career. It dates to 1951 when he signed with Columbia Records. He has won 19 Grammys, including a Lifetime Achievement Award.

The Irvin Mayfield saga: prison awaits

New Orleans musicians and business partners Irvin Mayfield and Ronald Markham are headed to prison. On November 3, a year after pleading guilty to conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, the trumpeter and pianist were sentenced to 18 months in federal prison. They reported to their assigned federal prisons on January 12, 2022. The pair also were ordered to pay $1.1 million in restitution for their admitted scheme to steal funds from the New Orleans Public Library Foundation when they were board members.

Mayfield and Markham pleaded guilty in November 2020 to funneling Library Foundation monies to help fund the New Orleans Jazz Orchestra and support their own lavish lifestyles when Grammy-winning Mayfield was the big band's artistic director. The crimes were committed between August 2011 to November 2013, and the pair's effort to cover it up lasted for several more years. U.S. District Judge Jay Zainey called their crimes "fraud based on greed and arrogance." Once released from prison, the two must also give 500 hours of free music lessons to Crescent City youth. "I allowed my ego to focus on the winning by any means necessary," Mayfield told a packed federal courtroom. "I put a lot of people's good work in vain."

Jazz Meets Opera

SHORTER'S OPERATIC DREAM: It only took 70 years. Saxophonist and composer Wayne Shorter first thought about composing an opera when he was a 19-year-old music student. That goal reached fruition in November 12 and 13 when Shorter's..."(Iphigenia)"—with a libretto by Esperanza Spalding—premiered at Boston's Cutler Majestic Theatre. The Shorter-Spalding opera took Greek writer Euripides' 400-year-old play about King Agamemnon's plan to appease a goddess by killing his daughter—and transformed it into a radical work. It confronts the cycle of violence audiences have seen onstage over centuries, while channeling the spontaneous spirit of jazz. It had a cast of 19 (including Spalding) and an orchestra of 28, plus two members of Shorter's quartet—pianist Danilo Pérez and bassist John Patitucci—plus drummer Jeff "Tain" Watts. Renowned architect Frank Geary designed the sets. Further performances were held in mid-December at the Kennedy Center in Washington DC, and scheduled for February 2022 in Berkeley and Santa Monica CA.

OVERCOMING TRAGEDY: Belgian lawyer, jazz pianist and Holocaust survivor Simon Gronowski marked his 90th birthday a week early by performing October 3 in an opera inspired by his life. The opera "PUSH," written by British composer Howard Moody, explores love, faith and forgiveness overcoming the darkest tragedy. It previously was staged in East Sussex UK and London and Brussels. The special performance took place in an old factory building in Boortmeerbeek, the town where Gronowski jumped off a train bound for Auschwitz in 1943. He survived the Holocaust in hiding after losing his family in the infamous death camp. Mixing arias with jazz inserts, the opera "PUSH"was based on Gronowski's memoir and his brotherly friendship with Koenraad Tinel, a sculptor who was the son of Flemish Nazis. Tinel's brother had served as the prison guard for Gronowski's family. When they first met in 2012, Tinel asked for forgiveness but Grownowski told him: "The children of the Nazis are not guilty." Both men appeared as themselves in the special performance.

Awards and honors of note...

NEA JAZZ MASTERS: The 2021 National Endowment for the Arts' Jazz Masters inductees were honored with an online event on April 22, streamed in collaboration with SFJAZZ. The newest members are drummers Terri Lyne Carrington and Albert "Tootie" Heath, Pulitzer Prize-winning reed player and composer Henry Threadgill, and jazz broadcaster and historian Phil Schaap. NEA announced that 2022's Jazz Masters, bassist Stanley Clarke, alto saxophonist, educator and activist Donald Harrison, Jr. , drummer Billy Hart and singer Cassandra Wilson will be inducted with a ceremony and concert March 31, 2022 at SFJAZZ Center in San Francisco. Harrison will receive the Jazz Masters' A.B. Spellman Fellowship for Jazz Advocacy for his work on behalf of the jazz community in his native New Orleans.

JJA AWARDS: The Jazz Journalists Association's 25th annual JJA Jazz Awardswas bountiful for Maria Schneider, who swept composer of the year, arranger of the year, large ensemble of the year and record of the year categories, the latter for Data Lords (ArtistShare, 2020). Ron Carter received the Lifetime Achievement in Jazz award. Terri Lyne Carrington was voted musician of the year and drummer of the year. Also within the 35 categories for jazz performances and recordings, the women's all-star group Artemis received mid-size ensemble of the year honors. Thelonious Monk's Palo Alto (Resonance, 2020) was historical record of the year. Resonance Records was label of the year. Kurt Elling and Cecile McLorin Salvant won male and female vocalist honors respectively for the fourth consecutive year.

Longtime jazz critic author and educator Kevin Whitehead, a regular on NPR's Fresh Air with Terry Gross since 1987, was honored with JJA's Lifetime Achievement in Jazz Journalism award. DownBeat was voted publication of the year. Pianist Ethan Iverson's Do The Math was JJA blog of the year. Billie, James Erskine's film about singer Billie Holiday, won the first JJA award for jazz documentary. Jazz book of the year honors to "Life in E Flat: The Autobiography of Phil Woods" (Cymbal Press, 2020), which the saxophonist wrote with Ted Panken, who also received 2021's Robert Palmer-Helen Oakley Dance Award for Writing. Also, WBGO music director Gary Walker won the Marian McPartland-Willis Conover Award for Career Excellence in Broadcasting. Steven Sussman won the Lona Foote-Bob Parent Award for Career Excellence in Photography. Luciano Rossetti won JJA photo of the year honors for his September 2020 image of trumpeter Riccardo Pittau, at the Isole Che Parlano Festival in Luogosttanto, Sardinia.

GRAMMY AWARDS: There was a wide range of jazz-related winners at the 2021 (63rd annual) Grammy Awards. The event was held March 14 after a six-week COVID-19-related postponement. Pianist Chick Corea, who died a month earlier, and bandleader Maria Schneider won two Grammys apiece. Corea leads the all-time jazz category with 25 Grammys since 1975, with 46 additional nominations (including four for 2022). The winners by category were: Chick Corea, Christian McBride & Brian Blade, Trilogy 2 (Concord, 2019)—best jazz instrumental album; Chick Corea, "All Blues" from Chick Corea, Christian McBride & Brian Blade, Trilogy 2 (Concord, 2019)— best improvised jazz solo; Maria Schneider Orchestra, Data Lords (ArtistShare, 2020)—best large jazz ensemble album; Maria Schneider, "Sputnik" from Data Lords (artistShare, 2020)—best instrumental composition; Snarky Puppy, Live at Royal Albert Hall (GroundUP, 2020)—best contemporary instrumental album; Kurt Elling featuring Danilo Pérez, Secrets are the Best Stories (Edition, 2020)— best jazz vocal album. Also, Arturo O’Farrill & the Afro-Latin Jazz Orchestra, Four Questions(Zoho, 2020)—best Latin jazz album; John Beasley, "Donna Lee" from MONK'estra Plays John Beasley (Mack Avenue, 2020)—best arrangement, instrumental; or a cappella; Jacob Collier (featuring Rapsody), "He Won't Hold You" from Djesse Vol. 3 (Hajanga, 2020)—best arrangement, instruments and vocals; New Orleans Nightcrawlers brass band, Atmosphere (Threadhead, 2020)—best regional roots-music album.

2022 GRAMMY NOMINATIONS HAUL: Jazz singer-pianist and multi-genre performer Jon Batiste racked up a stunning 11 nominations for 2022's Grammy Awards. He credited the Grammy''s newer-driven voting system for nominations spanning several genres including R&B, jazz, American roots music, classical and music video. Batiste earned an album of the year nod for We Are (Verve, 2021) and record of the year for the track "Freedom," a feel-good ode to his hometown, New Orleans. Batiste was a nominee for best score soundtrack for visual media for his work on Pixar's Soul. The 64th Grammy Awards event will be held January 31, 2022 in Los Angeles. The nominations were announced on November 23.

LATIN GRAMMY AWARDS: Rubén Blades figured prominently at the 22nd annual Latin Grammy Awardsn November 18. The Panamanian musician, singer, composer and bandleader won top honors in two award categories and was named the Latin Grammys' Person of the Year. The jazz-related winners were: Caetano Veloso and Tom Veloso, Talvez (Uns Produções, 2020)—record of the year; Rubén Blades y Roberto Delgado & Orquesta, Salswing! (Rubén Blades Productions, 2021)—album of the year; Rubén Blades y Roberto Delgado and Orquesta. Salsa Plus! (Rubén Blades Productions, 2021)—best salsa album; Toquinho e Yamandu Costa, Bachianinha (Live at Rio Montreux Jazz Festival) (MZA Music, 2021—best instrumental album; Iván Melón Lewis, Voyager (Cezanne Producciones, 2021)—best Latin jazz/jazz album. The ceremony at MGM Grand's Garden Arena in Las Vegas honored Latin music released between June 1, 2020 and May 31, 2021.

JUNO AWARDS: Canada's Juno Awards, the dominion's version of the Grammy Awards, marked their 50th anniversary on June 4 and 6. It was televised from scattered locations due to COVID-19 restrictions after two postponements. The jazz-related winners were: Jocelyn Gould, Elegant Traveler (Posi-Tone, 2020)—jazz album of the year—solo; Andy Milne and Unison, The reMission (Sunnyside, 2020)—jazz album of the year—group; Sammy Jackson, With You (self-produced, 2020)—vocal jazz album of the year.

AT THE MOVIES: Jon Batiste, Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross were honored with an (Oscars), a and a Critics' Choice Award for best original score for Disney Pixar's animated film Soul. It also won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for best animated motion picture. Ma Rainey's Black Bottom won Oscars for best makeup and hairstyling, and best costume design. Late actor Chadwick Boseman won the Golden Globe for best actor in a motion picture-drama for his performance as brash young trumpeter Levee Green in the Chicago-based Rainey film. Singer and actress Andra Day won a Golden Globe for best actress in a motion picture-drama for her performance in the factually challenged The United States vs. Billie Holiday.

DOCUMENTARY HONORS: Director Stanley Nelson's Miles Davis: Birth of the Cool, won two Emmy Awards, for outstanding arts and culture documentary, as well as outstanding sound. The honors were awarded in September at the 2021 News & Documentary Emmys. The documentary premiered at the 2019 Sundance Film Festival. 

SASSY AWARDS TIMES TWO: There were two editions of the Sarah Vaughan International Jazz Vocal Competition in 2021, both held at the New Jersey Performing Arts Center in Newark. The ninth edition on June 6, twice postponed from 2020 because of the pandemic, resulted in the Sassy Awards' first tie. San Diego native Gabrielle Cavassa, now based in New Orleans, and New Mexico native Tawanda Suessbrich-Joaquim shared top honors. Each received a $5,000 cash award. New York-based singer and trumpeter Benny Benack III finished third. On November 14, Chicago singer G. Thomas Allen won the 10th edition of the Sassy Awards and the $5,000 first-place cash award. New Jersey residents April May Webb and Latvian-born Arta Jekabsone finished second and third respectively.

ELLA AWARDS: Kansas City native Lucy Wijnands won the 2021 Ella Fitzgerald Jazz Vocal Competition The competition, sponsored by the Blues Alley Jazz Society, was held April 24 at the National Press Club in Washington DC. Wijnands, the daughter of stride pianist Bram Wijnands,won a $1,500 cash prize. Taisha Estrada of Washington, DC, finished second. The 2021 contestants originally were selected to participate in the 2020 competition, which was canceled because of the pandemic.

INTERNATIONAL GUITAR COMPETITION: Norway's Iver Cardas won first prize at the fourth annual International Jarek Śmietana Jazz Guitar Competition in Krakow, Poland on November 20. Carl Morgan of Germany and Misha Mendelenko of Ukraine finished second and third respectively. All three performed that night at a gala concert in memory of Polish jazz guitarist Jarek Smietana Band at the Kraków Philharmonic with members of the competition jury and prominent Polish jazz musicians.

GERMAN JAZZ AWARDS: Concert producer and tour organizer Karsten Jahnke received the lifetime achievement award at 2021's inaugural German Jazz Awards on June 3. The event, broadcast from four different cities, honored national and international artists in 28 different categories. Christian Lillinger won in drummer/percussionist and artist of the year categories. On the international side, Tigran Hamasyan won the piano and artist of the year awards. Julia Hulsmann Quartet, —Not Far From Here (ECM, 2019) was voted instrumental album of the year. Carla Bley, Life Goes On (ECM, 2020) was instrumental album of the year international.

LIVING LEGACY: Pianist, organist, singer and composer Amina Claudine Myers received Mid Atlantic Arts' 2021 Living Legacy Jazz Award in November in conjunction with the Jazz Philadelphia Summit. She was the program's 27th honoree.

PRESTIGIOUS BANJO PRIZE: On October 6, New Orleans banjoist and guitarist Don Vappie became the first jazz musician to be honored with the Steve Martin Banjo Prize. Vappie, who has worked with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band and Wynton Marsalis, and led his own groups, shared this year's honor with bluegrass player Alan Munde. Each received an unrestricted check for $25,000. Actor-comedian-musician Martin created the award in 2010 to honor some of the world's great banjo players.

EARLY INFLUENCER: Singer-songwriter and poet Gil Scott-Heron was inducted into The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame on October 30 in Cleveland with an Early Influencer Award for his seminal role in the development of hip-hop, Scott-Heron is only the 11th inductee with strong jazz connections in the Hall of Fame's 36-year history.

BOOGIE WOOGIE HALL: Cincinnati-based Arches Piano Stage inducted French pianist and historian John-Paul Amouroux and the late Meade Lux Lewis into its Boogie Woogie Hall of Fame on February 5. They were honored for their significant contributions to the genre as part of a live-streamed boogie-woogie concert that benefited 2020 Nobel Prize-winning World Food Program USA.

GUGGENHEIM FELLOWS: Guitarist Rez Abbasi, pianists Helen Sung and Elio Villafranca, and bassoonist Katherine Young were named Guggenheim Fellows in the field of music composition. The four jazz musicians were among 184 artists, writers, scholars and scientists receiving the 2021 Guggenheim awards, which were announced on April 8. The fellowships carry grants ranging from $30,000 to $45,000.

DORIS DUKE ARTIST AWARDS: Saxophonist Wayne Shorter, and pianists Kris Davis and Danilo Pérez were 2021's jazz recipients of Artist Awards from The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation The $275,000 prize honors a standard of artistic excellence and celebrates the recipients' principles of free expression. Since it began in 2012, the program has distributed more than $35.4 million to 129 individuals, including more than 50 jazz musicians.

JAZZ MEDIA LAB: In late January, The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation announced this initiative to support a consortium of five nonprofit jazz radio stations across the United States. KMHD in Portland OR, KNKX in Tacoma WA, WBGO in Newark NJ and WRTI in Philadelphia PA each will receive a $225,000 general operating support grant over three years. The program is designed to help increase the stations' organizational capacity and financial resilience; strengthen their ability to broaden audiences for jazz; and reinforce their role as a connector of jazz artists, audiences and community organizations. In addition to more than $1 million in funding, the Jazz Media Lab will provide its stations with executive coaching, professional development training, financial assessments and enhanced peer exchange.

ARTISTS USA FELLOWS: Saxophonist Kidd Jordan trumpeter Wadada Leo Smith and cellist Tomeka Reid were the jazz winners among 60 arts-related winners of 2021 USA Fellowships from the Chicago-based arts funding organization United States Artists. The $50,000 unrestricted awards celebrate visionary artists and cultural practitioners who significantly contributed to the country's creative landscape and arts ecosystem.

HAMLYN AWARDS: Saxophonists Tim Garland, Cassie Kinoshi and Soweto Kinch, and trumpeter {Yazz Ahmed}} were the jazz winners among 20 composers honored with 2021's Awards for Artists from the UK's Paul Hamlyn Foundation. Since 1994, 347 composers and visual artists have received a total of £9.3 million in £25,000 no-strings-attached awards. The program supports artists at a pivotal moment in their careers.

Jazz venue ups and downs...

HELP FUND US: Jazz clubs near and far launched online Go Fund Me or similar crowdfunding campaigns during the year in efforts to remain in business despite the economic effects of the pandemic. They included Birdland in :New York, Keystone Korner in Baltimore, Catalina Jazz Club in Hollywood, and Chris' Jazz Cafe in Philadelphia. In addition to a Go Fund Me initiative, musicians organized an 11-night concert fundraiser from September 22 to October 2 to help keep New York's 55 Bar afloat.

A NEW NYC SUPPER CLUB: Chelsea Table & Stage joined the list of upscale Big Apple performance venues in September, offering an array of talents from jazz, soul, country and pop genres. The initial jazz lineup included saxophonists Don Braden and Grace Kelly, and drummer Bobby Sanabria's Quarteto Aché. The venue hosts a Badass Brunch every other Sunday afternoon. The 120-seat venue is located in the Hilton Fashion District Hotel.

SHAPESHIFTER IS SITE SHIFTING: Brooklyn NY's ShapeShifter Lab, which presented hundreds of emerging and established artists over 10 years, is shopping for a new home. An October 28 farewell party was the final event at its original location on Whitwell Place. The venue doubled as a live recording studio. Co-founders Matthew Garrison and Fortuna Sung said they are committed to continuing their programming and presentation process at a new location.

THE JAZZ CHURCH: Saint Peter's Church, the midtown Manhattan Lutheran parish known as "the jazz church" for its close relationship with the New York jazz community, suffered major damage from a city water main break on January 4. It caused significant flooding in the church's sanctuary and basement level rooms, with water levels in the church two to three feet high, ruining its organ and piano. Senior pastor Jared Stahler said that the church's archives, including artifacts of John Coltrane and Billy Strayhorn, were badly damaged. St. Peter's is still going through difficult times due to the pandemic and repairs, but resumed in-person jazz liturgies in mid-September.

TRUMPETS: The prominent Montclair NJ jazz club was sold to area developers for $1.2 million. The historic two-story building facing the Walnut Street train station will become a restaurant with outdoor dining and a separate café. The Hanini Group said it would bring back some historical features of the 1880 building, but continuing live music was not in their plan. Trumpets opened in 1988 and was owned and operated by guitarist Enrico Granafei and his wife, Kristine Massari, since 1999.

JIMMY'S JAZZ: A posh new jazz room opened Thursday, September 30 in downtown Portsmouth NH. Jimmy's Jazz & Blues Club is housed in a century-old, restored, state-of-the-art venue that once was a YMCA. Brothers Michael and Peter Labrie invested an estimated $20 million in the project, naming the club after their late father and late brother. B-3 player Joey DeFrancesco performed on opening night. Christian McBride and his band Inside Straight performed the next two nights.

THERE IT WAS, GONE: Buffalo NY's Hotel Henry Urban Resort Conference Center, the site of numerous jazz concerts in its ballroom and outside on its lawn since it opened in 2017, shut its doors in late February because of the lagging economy. The center was housed in an iconic 1800s building that was once the centerpiece of a 200-acre mental hospital. The hotel is scheduled to reopen in April 2022 as Hotel Henry Buffalo, Curio Collection by Hilton.

DOUBLE THE SOUL: The owners of Con Alma, a two-year-old popular restaurant and jazz bar in Pittsburgh PA's Shadyside neighborhood, opened a larger, second location on July 1. The newer Con Alma restaurant is located on Penn Avenue across from Heinz Hall in the city's Downtown Cultural District.

NEW LIFE FOR HISTORIC CLUB?: Pro football Hall of Famer Franco Harris is leading an effort to restore, expand and reopen the Crawford Grill No. 2, a historic Pittsburgh PA jazz venue that closed in 2003. The former Pittsburgh Steelers running back, now a local businessman, said he doesn't have a project timetable yet, but his team is working on drawings and designs. The Wylie Avenue building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Crawford Grill's headliners in ts heyday included Art Blakey, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson and many others.

THE PRIME EXAMPLE: This New Orleans, club, which featured progressive jazz, announced permanent closure in early January, though its last gig was on March 18, 2020 because of the pandemic. Owner Julius Kimbrough Sr. blamed his decision on the pandemic, finances and his age.

MORE JAZZ IN MILWAUKEE: Local drummer Sam Belton opened a new jazz-themed restaurant/club venue, Sam's Place Jazz Café, in Milwaukee WI's Harambee neighborhood in February. Belton also owns the City Net Jazz Café in downtown Milwaukee.

OKLAHOMA JAZZ HALL: A federal bankruptcy judge approved the sale of the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame in June to a firm established by Tulsa businessman James Moore. Revenue from the $200,000 sale was used to pay off debts owed under the Jazz Hall's lease with the Tulsa County Industrial Authority. The Moore group also committed $2 million in improvements and to help ensure the Jazz Hall of Fame's financial sustainability. The nonprofit venue is now called the Jazz Depot. "Celebrating the artists and industry of jazz and gospel in Oklahoma will continue to be a cornerstone of the Jazz Depot," said Moore CEO Gretchen Littlefield. "We envision expanding the venue to host music festivals, a broadcast site for live made-for-television events, and a rooftop restaurant that features this amazing city as its backdrop The hall of fame's more than 100 inductees include Chet Baker, Earl Bostic, Don Cherry, Wardell Gray, Barney Kessel, Cecil McBee, Howard McGhee, Jay McShann, Pee Wee Russell, Lynn Seaton, Wayman Tisdale and Lee Wiley.

WOODS BAR & BREWERY: This live jazz and brass band destination, a nightlife fixture in uptown Oakland CA, closed for good at the end of 2020. Owner Jim Woods said he was unable to reach an agreement with their landlord on renewing the Telegraph Avenue venue's seven-year lease.

On the record...

RELIEF PACKAGE: Six major jazz labels joined together to release a compilation of previously unreleased music to benefit Jazz Foundation of America's efforts to aid musicians impacted by pandemic-related club closures and concert cancellations. Relief (Mack Avenue, 2021) released on September 24, included tracks by Esperanza Spalding, Christian McBride, Cecile McLorin Salvant, Jon Batiste and Charles Lloyd, among others. The nine-track compilation includes a concert recording of "Gingerbread Boy" by true all-star quintet: Herbie Hancock, Wallace Roney, Jimmy Heath, Buster Williams and Albert "Tootie" Heath. The consortium included Blue Note/Universal Music Group, Concord Jazz, Mack Avenue, Nonesuch, Verve and Warner Music.

IT TOOK 56 YEARS: Saxophonist John Coltrane's classic recording A Love Supreme(Impulse!, 1965), was certified as platinum in November for sales of one million copies. The Recording Industry Association of America said A Love Supreme is the first jazz album from the 1960s to receive the certification. The album was previously certified gold (sales of 500,000 copies) in 1970. It took more than 50 years to double that number. Coltrane's son Ravi Coltrane and daughter Michelle received a platinum plaque for the album in a ceremony at the John & Alice Coltrane House on Long Island.

LIVE VERSION SURFACES: Another live recording of John Coltrane's transcendental recording A Love Supreme was released on October 8 with great fanfare. A Love Supreme: Live in Seattle (Impulse!, 2021) was recorded by saxophonist Joe Brazil, a good friend of the bandleader, during Trane's October 1965 residency at the Penthouse jazz club. The tapes' existence was only discovered well after Brazil's death in 2008. For the Seattle performance, Coltrane expanded his band from the standard quartet with McCoy Tyner, Jimmy Garrison and Elvin Jones to a lineup that also included tenor saxophonist Pharoah Sanders, alto saxophonist Carlos Ward, and a second bassist, Donald Garrett. The only other known live recording of the work, by the quartet, was from a July 1965 festival performance in Antibes, France.

IMPULSE! TURNS SIXTY: Impulse! Records released its first recording in 1961-60 years ago. The storied jazz label, now a subsidiary of Universal Music Group, marked that milestone with a year-long campaign tied to new releases, reissues, boxed sets and other initiatives. A new four-CD boxed set, Impulse Records: Music, Message and the Moment (Impulse!, 2021), is the centerpiece of the campaign. The Great Kai and JJ by trombonists Kai Winding and Janice "Ms. JJ" Johnson was the first Impulse! Release.

LIVE AT VIENNE: A recording of trumpeter Miles Davis' July 1, 1991 performance at France's Jazz à Vienne festival, one of his last concerts before his death 12 weeks later, hit retailers in June. This previously unreleased concert setMerci Miles! Live at Vienne (Rhino, 2021) includes two then-new songs written by Prince, "Penetration" and "Jailbait."

Jazz on film and TV...

SIX IN THE SPOTLIGHT: PBS television's award-winning series American Masters explored how six Black female actors and singers challenged an entertainment industry that perpetuated racist stereotypes. Premiering on January 18, "How it Feels to be Free" showed how singers Lena Horne, Abbey Lincoln, Nina Simone, and actors Diahann Carroll, Cicely Tyson and Pam Grier transformed themselves and their audiences in the process. It was American Masters season 34 episode 9.

A MAN AND HIS TRUMPET: The music documentary A Man And His Trumpet: The Leroy Jones Story premiered on major streaming platforms on January 29.The film follows the life of the trumpeter as he grew up in the projects of the 7th ward in New Orleans, led the city's 1970s brass band revival and was Harry Connick, Jr.'s featured solo trumpeter for 25 years. San Francisco-based trumpeter Cameron Washington directed the award-winning film, which also celebrates the culture, history, and music of New Orleans.

JAZZ RADIO DOC: The WBGO Story ... Bright Moments from Newark to the World, opened the spring 2021 edition of the New Jersey Film Festival. Filmmaker Chris Daniels spent two years on the project exploring the power, personalities and legacy of public radio station WBGO, which since 1979 has brought the sound of jazz to the people of Newark and beyond.

BOUNCING BILLIE: Lee Daniels' film The United States vs. Billie Holiday premiered February 26 on the Hulu streaming service. This was no straight biopic about the singer's tortured life, and it was was universally panned by jazz critics for many factual inaccuracies. Singer-actress Andra Day played Holiday in her award-winning feature acting debut. Jazz pianist Kris Bowers was the film's music director.

CREATIVITY AT HOME: Saxophonist Charles Lloyd had to cancel his December 2020 concerts at Berlin, Germany's Pierre Boulez Saal because of the pandemic, but hall curator Piotr Turkiewicz came up with a way to ease the sting. He commissioned Lloyd's wife, video artist Dorothy Darr, to create document her husband's creative time in isolation at their California home. The result, Love Longing Loss: At Home with Charles Lloyd During a Year of the Plague, gave viewers an hour-long glimpse into his artistry. It included his reflections on solitude, resistance, social injustice and his own ancestry. Several solo performances on tenor saxophone and piano included a new composition, "Sky Valley Doll." Love Longing Loss streamed for free from the Boulez Saal's website from May 11 to June 11.

IS A MONK BIOPIC IN THE WORKS?: Good question. On July 21, Jupiter Rising Film announced plans for a biopic titled Thelonious, with actor Yasiin Bay portraying Thelonious Monk. Hours later, Monk's son, drummer T.S. Monk, condemned the unauthorized film, reminding that the Monk family controls all rights to the late pianist's music, and said he wasn't interested. Bay, the rapper-actor formerly known as Mos Def, stepped back, saying he won't take part without Monk estate approval. At year end, Jupiter Rising Film still had the Thelonious project listed on its work in development list.

Jazz in the classroom...

NEXT JAZZ LEGACY: The Terri Lyne Carrington-led Institute of Jazz and Gender Justice at Berklee College of Music partnered with New Music USA to create a new program to increase opportunities for women and nonbinary musicians. The three-year program, Next Jazz Legacy, will assist through grants, long-term apprenticeships, and career development guidance. It accepted applications in November and plans to announce its first class of six recipients in January 2022.

PRESERVATION HALL MUSIC ED: The Preservation Hall Foundation has unveiled an education program to provide music educators with a free series of online of music lessons for K-12 students. Preservation Hall Lessons, launched in February with 22 lesson plans that can be used in the classroom or online, is focused on introductory and advanced techniques for the range of instruments in a traditional jazz band, stylistic tips, as well as the cultural and historical context of New Orleans. "Preservation Hall is committed to celebrating the wisdom of the musicians who perform here for generations to learn and benefit from," says Ben Jaffe, Preservation Hall Foundation Board Chairman & Co-Founder.

Historic preservation ups and downs...

HURRICANE IDA'S IMPACT: Two historic sites for jazz in New Orleans took big hits when category 4 Hurricane Ida roared through the Crescent City on August 29. The former Karnofsky Tailor Shop, where a Jewish immigrant family employed young Louis Armstrong, loaned him the money for his first cornet and nurtured his love for music, collapsed into a pile of bricks. The building at 427 S. Rampart St. also housed the city's first jazz record store. Cleveland-based GBX Group, which had a contract to renovate the building, said it might rebuild the shop as part of its plan "to return the 400 block of South Rampart Street to its jazz roots." Hurricane Ida also tore off an exterior wall of the nearby Little Gem Saloon that bore a two-story mural of jazz pioneer Buddy Bolden's band. The historic club closed in July 2019 when it was purchased by The GBX Group as part of its South Rampart Street historic preservation project to restore the spaces and reopen them as entertainment and music venues.

Ida took the rear of another jazz landmark, Perseverance Society Hall, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2018. The structure, at 1644 North Villere Street in the Seventh Ward, was one of the few surviving venues where the earliest jazz was played. The former dance hall was home base for Isadore Barbarin, a young Sidney Bechet, Buddy Bolden, Johnny Dodds, Freddie Keppard and Armand J. Piron, among others. Morris F.X. Jeff Municipal Auditorium and four other historic buildings in Armstrong Park, once planned to become part of a Jazz Complex, also suffered extensive damage. Also, the Backstreet Cultural Museum in the Treme neighborhood had a ceiling leak and significant mold damage. Its Black cultural artifacts were moved into climate-controlled storage while a new museum location is sought.

KID ORY HOUSE: The 1811 Kid Ory Historic House, one of the oldest structures in St. John the Baptist parish near New Orleans, opened to the public in February. The museum honors the 1811 German Coast slave uprising, the largest rebellion of enslaved people in U.S. history, as well as the life of jazz early jazz star Kid Ory. The trombonist, bandleader and composer was born on the site, the former Woodland Plantation, in 1886. It is located in Laplace LA.

OFF THE ENDANGERED LIST: The Blue Bird Inn, a storied Detroit jazz mecca since the early days of bebop until its abandonment in the early 2000s, was designated a Historic District by the city. The classification clears the way for a planned restoration by the Detroit Sound Conservancy, which bought the property in the spring of 2019. DSC hopes to redevelop the dilapidated site into a community center and music nightspot. The Blue Bird Inn, located at 5021 Tireman Ave., was the city's hotbed of bebop In the 1940s and '50s.

SUN RA HOUSE: The three-story Philadelphia rowhouse where members of the Sun Ra Arkestra have lived and rehearsed for more than 50 years got major structural repairs thanks to neighbors and a philanthropist. A plumber discovered that the basement had been deteriorating for years, causing its floor joists to collapse into the sub-basement,. There also was a faulty heating system, among other things. The Robert D. Bielecki Foundation, a {jny:Miami}}-based art and jazz philanthropy, stepped in, and one of the foundation's local jazz contacts found a contractor to help. Saxophonist Marshall Allen, who has led the band since 1995, still lives in the house in Philly's Germantown neighborhood with some of his band members. Allen's father gave Sun Ra the house for the band's headquarters in 1968.

ART TATUM ZONE: Two grants totaling $400,000 will help revitalize late pianist Art Tatum's childhood home and its Junction Neighborhood in Toledo OH. The Art Tatum Zone initiative will turn the house into a museum that will provide a multi-sensory learning experience about the musician and the neighborhood, as well as help the Junction Neighborhood with home repairs and building a workforce continuum.

Crime log...

HARROLD CASE: A California woman who falsely accused trumpeter Keyon Harrold's teenage son of stealing her phone in a New York City hotel lobby on December 26, 2020 was arrested two weeks later on felony charges. Miya Ponsetto, 23, pleaded not guilty to charges of attempted assault, attempted robbery, grand larceny and endangering the welfare of a child. She is scheduled for trial in Manhattan on January 10, 2022. Ponsetto was caught on video accusing Keyon Harrold Jr., then 14, of stealing her iPhone and then trying to tackle him in the lobby of the Arlo Soho Hotel. The woman's phone was returned to her by an Uber driver shortly after she accosted the boy. In a brief court hearing in early November, Ponsetto's lawyer said the woman has been seeking therapy and trying to "schedule" anger management classes back home in California. The Harrold family has sued Ponsetto, the hotel and one hotel employee in Manhattan Supreme Court for unspecified damages from what they called a "violent incident of racial profiling."

BIG 6 BRASS BAND: In early March, Big 6 Brass Band lead trombonist Lamar Heard Sr. was carjacked while gassing up his car in New Orleans. The thief/thieves also got his trombone, a band mate's tuba and some percussion gear. A Go Fund Me effort to replace the gear raised $6,000, but was closed after local billionaire Gayle Benson, owner of the New Orleans Saints, New Orleans Pelicans and the Faubourg Brewing Company, replaced the instruments.

Jazz and art...

Duke Ellington's Grammy-winning 1940 concert in Fargo ND with his Famous Orchestra is now celebrated with a mural just steps from the site of the Crystal Ballroom. Over t he summer, srtist Jeff Knight completed a painting of Duke Ellington on one side of the Rhombus Guys building at 606 Main Ave. It features the composer and bandleader at his piano against an aqua background dotted with other musical instruments. The mural is the first in the Fargo Music Icons Mural series. Duke Ellington At Fargo Live, 1940 (Book of the Month,1978) won the Grammy for best large jazz ensemble album in 1980. The Crystal Ballroom was located on the second floor of a building at 13 S. Broadway. The building, originally a municipal auditorium and later a National Guard armory, was razed in 1962.

Miscellaneous...

THE BAD PLUS: Four years after founding pianist and co-founder Ethan Iverson departed the collective jazz trio, and was replaced by Orrin Evans, The Bad Plus emerged from the pandemic lull with an expanded, piano-less configuration in August. Tenor saxophonist Chris Speed and guitarist Ben Monder joined original members Reid Anderson and drummer Dave King in the new quartet. Evans departed to focus on his own projects.

JAZZASCONA: Switzerland's JazzAscona festival named drummer Adonis Rose as its New Orleans Music and Culture Curator. The Grammy-winning artistic director of the New Orleans Jazz Orchestra will work with festival management team to increase creative offerings New Orleans, as well as create cultural exchange opportunities for Swiss musicians at the New Orleans Jazz Orchestra's 500-seat venue, the New Orleans Jazz Market. The 10-day JazzAscona event, founded in 1985, has always New Orleans-themed its presentations and attracts over 45,000 visitors.

THE SOUL OF JAZZ: "The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure" debuted on February 1 at The American Adventure inside Walt Disney World's EPCOT theme park in Lake Buena Vista, FL. The exhibit features Joe Gardner, the pianist and music teacher from the Pixar movie "Soul," as he shares the rich history of jazz from several influential cities. Beginning in late October, it began traveling to the New Orleans Jazz Museum, the American Jazz Museum in Kansas City and the National Jazz Museum in Harlem. Walt Disney Imagineering partnered with each local museum to also illustrating the specific contributions each region made to jazz's dynamic history.

JAZZ AT CONGO SQUARE: A new free festival, Jazz at Congo Square, was held August 8 in New Orleans' Armstrong Park. The inaugural event featured trombonist Delfeayo Marsalis with his Uptown Jazz Orchestra. Other talent on the bill included the Stooges Brass Band, jazz pianist Kyle Roussel plus R&B performers Tanya Boyd Cannon, Mykia Jovan and the Vegas Cola Band. Marsalis said the event was focused on the future by "celebrating the past, embracing the present and focusing on building sustainable futures for New Orleans culture bearers." Proceeds benefited two community-based organizations founded by Marsalis: the Uptown Music Theatre, which empowers youth through musical theater training, and Keep NOLA Music Alive, which provides emergency relief to musicians and other artists impacted by the pandemic.

THE JAZZ COOKER: Before his musical talents were discovered, award-winning singer-songwriter Gregory Porter was a chef in New York. He blended his skills in May with the a six-episode cooking series, "The PorterHouse with Gregory Porter." From his family kitchen in Bakersfield CA, Porter shared some favorite recipes and the stories behind them. Episodes were posted weekly on The Infatuation and Zagat's YouTube channels. The series also featured highlights from Porter's music catalog. Porter worked as a chef at Bread-Stuy, his late brother Lloyd Porter's restaurant in Brooklyn, where he started performing music in in the early 1990s.

HOUSE OF BETHEL: Justin Bethel, now in his 10th pro football season, is a cornerback and special teams player with the New England Patriots. Off-season and when his schedule allows, the South Carolina native is also the drummer in the family jazz band, House of Bethel. He and his brothers, pianist Dione and trumpeter Gabriel, formed the band in 2014. Their father Chris manages the band.

NEW POPS CONDUCTOR: Jazz trumpeter and singer Byron Stripling has succeeded Marvin Hamlisch as the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra's principal pops conductor. He debuted at the podium on July 23 when the orchestra opened its summer series at the Hartwood Acres Park Ampitheater with a "Songbook & Sunset" concert. Guest musicians included bassist and singer Nicki Parrott, pianist The Bobby Floyd Trio and drummer Jim Rupp. Stripling, a former Count Basie Orchestra lead trumpeter, also leads Ohio's Columbus Jazz Orchestra. 2021

OLYMPICS: The electrifying pianist Hiromi (Uehara) performed during an extended Kabuki Theater segment in the {jny:Tokyo}} Olympics opening ceremony on July 23 prior to the lighting of the Olympic flame. She blazed through the rhythmic and harmonic twists of her composition "Spectrum," stunning many first-time listeners.

GREAT PLACE IN HARLEM: On the 63rd anniversary of Art Kane's iconic August 12, 1958 photograph, "Harlem 1958"—better known as "A Great Day in Harlem," the block of East 126th Street was co-named "Art Kane Harlem 1958 Place" by the city. The photo, published to illustrate an Esquire magazine essay, featured 57 jazz greats on the steps and sidewalk of a brownstone. They only surviving musicians from the image are Benny Golson and Sonny Rollins.

HONORING ELLIS AND FATS: The New Orleans City Council voted on July 1 to honor two Crescent City musical heroes as part of its effort to rechristen city landmarks that were named after Confederates, slave owners and segregationists. Palmer Park in the Carrollton neighborhood, named for a Presbyterian minister who was a vocal proponent of Louisiana's secession at the start of the Civil War, is now named Marsalis Harmony Park in honor of pianist Ellis Marsalis. Caffin Avenue in the Lower Ninth Ward, named for named a former plantation owner who profited from slave labor, is now Fats Domino Avenue. The rock and boogie-woogie pianist, singer and songwriter lived on Caffin Avenie from 1960 until Hurricane Katrina flooded his property in 2005.

WOODY SHAW HONOR: A street corner at Brad and Williams Streets in {Newark NJ was named Woody Shaw Jr. Plaza on May 19 to honor the late trumpeter, bandleader and composer. North Carolina-born Shaw grew up in Newark. As a teenager, he first began sitting in with his musical heroes at jazz clubs along Broad Street. THE BOS WAY: The late singer and jazz curator Lee Boswell May, the widow of bassist Earl May, now has a street named in her honor in South Orange NJ. "Boz Way," just off busy South Orange Avenue, was dedicated in March. The jazz advocate and community activist died in April 2020.

HOT CLUB OF FRANCE: The City of Paris unveiled a commemorative plaque on September 5 to commemorate 14 rue Chaptal in the city's 9th arrondissement as the first home of the Hot Club of France and "Jazz Hot" magazine. They moved in sometime in 1938, and Duke Ellington and Django Reinhardt met there for the first time on April 1, 1939. Hot Club of France moved out in 1947 but the building remained the magazine's office until 1984.

OSCAR HONORS: Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante announced August 31 that the city will name a new downtown plaza after late pianist Oscar Peterson, a native son. The large public square will be created during the reconstruction of McGill College Avenue. It will include a statue of Peterson and other art installations celebrating his life and work. Peterson's widow, Kelly, said she hopes the plaza also will be a place where people discover his work for the first time. Work on the square is expected to start in 2023, after a light rail station in the area is completed. Plante said she hopes it will be finished in time for the 100th anniversary of Peterson's August 15, 1925 birth.

2021 Final Bars

The jazz world lost hundreds of musicians and industry-related people during 2021, including seven of its NEA Jazz Masters: pianists Chick Corea and Barry Harris, B-3 player Dr. Lonnie Smith, trombonists Curtis Fuller and Slide Hampton, broadcaster and historian Phil Schaap, and jazz impresario and pianist George Wein.

Here's a full list:

Arranger and orchestrator Bob Holloway.

Bandleader, guitarist and singer Beto Leal. Bandoneonist and composer Raul Jaurena.

Banjoists Bo Bryant, J.D. Crowe, John Martin; banjoist, guitarist and singer Pawel Tartanus; banjoist and guitarist Ken Salvo; banjoist and actor George Segal.

Bassists Juini Booth, Baron Browne, Al Doane, Isla Eckinger, Mike Fiore, John Heard, Spike Heatley, Gerry Hughes, Miles Jackson, Hakim Jami, Mladen Baraković Lima, Stephen Maskaleris, Carl McVicker, Claude Mouton, Vic Pitt, Robbie Shakespeare, Len Skeat, Mike Van De Mark; composer, arranger and singer Alfonso "El Panameño" Joseph; bassist, cellist, singer, composer and arranger Luis Duarte; bassist, saxophonist and composer George Mraz; bassist and pocket trumpeter Dean Reilly; bassist, composer and educator Antti Hytti; bassists, composers and producers Sergio Brandão, Pedro Gonçalves; bassist, bandleader, composer and label owner (Alacra) Mario Pavone; bassist, composer, filmmaker, inventor and educator Bob Danziger; bassist and bandleader Bob Moore; bassists and composers François Grillot, Teppo Hauta-aho, Leonard Hubbard, Paul Jackson, Sammy Kasule, James Leary; bassist, producer, label owner (Wave), club owner (London's Bass Clef), educator and writer Peter Ind; bassist, synthesizer pioneer and record producer Malcolm Cecil; bassist and singer Joe Long; bassist and photographer Rick Laird; bassist, educator and jazz club co-founder (Lyon, France's La Clef de Voûte) Stéphane Rivero; bassists and educators Jeff Chambers, John Johnson, Jim Stinnett, Eliot Wadopian, Jim Widner; bassist, composer and writer Rainer Lewalter; bassist and audio equipment developer Mario Suraci. Bassoonist and reed player Ray Pizzi.

Cellists, composers and educators Leo Crandall, David Darling.
Clarinetists Norbert Hanf, Leslaw Lic, Tapani Renkonen, Joseph "Toot" Smith; clarinetist and bandleader Billy Gorlt; clarinetist and singer Bob Schroeder; clarinetist, composer and educator Béla Kovács; clarinetist, composer and broadcaster Klaus Schneider; clarinetist and educator Peter Pane; clarinetist, Jazz India former president, Indian jurist and human rights advocate Soli Sorabjee.

Composer Mikis Theodorakis; composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim; composer, lyricist and playwright Leslie Bricusse; composer, arranger, educator and trombonist Sammy Nestico; composers, pianists and educators Louis Andriessen, Klaus Wüsthoff; composer and educator Alvin Lucier; composer, trumpeter and "Fourth World" music conceptualist Jon Hassell; composer, arranger, pianist, producer and singer Jeremy Lubbock; composer, bandleader, multi-instrumentalist and singer Ladislav Štaidl; composer and pianist Frederic Rzewski; composer and electronic music pioneer Joel Chadabe; composer and British synth pioneer Peter Zinovieff.

Conductor and longtime board member of Oakland CA's Oaktown Jazz Workshops Michael Morgan.

Drummers Brian Allee, Colin Bowden, Enzo Carpentieri, Charles Connor, Billy Conway, Howard Dicus Sr., Graeme Edge, Frank Gant, Jim Gwin, Al Hartland, Duffy Jackson, Fred Jacquemin, Dick Karner, Mamady Keïita, Scott Laningham, David Lee Jr., James Martin, Spike McKendry, Tom Morey, Shuichi "Ponta" Murakami, Benny Mustafa, Don Pentleton, Dee Pop, Bosse Skoglund, Mike Stamm, Mabi Thobejane, Jack Warner, Charlie Watts; drummer, bandleader and educator Ralph Peterson; drummer, conductor and educator Durul Gence; drummer, bandleader and composer Jerry Granelli; drummer, guitarist and bandleader Zen Sawchuk; drummer, pianist, composer and educator Chuck Fertal; drummer and bandleader Howard "KingFish" Franklin Jr.; drummer and composer Everett Morton; drummer and singer Dottie Dodgion; drummer, singer and songwriter LeRoy White; drummer, thereminist and composer Michael Evans; drummers and trumpeters Tino Contreras, Fredy Bühler; drummer, bandleader and curator of Germany's Jazz am Rhein festival Christian Scheuber; drummer, percussionist and concert organizer Peter Hollinger; drummer and club owner (Philadelphia's Cadillac Club and Warmdaddy's) Ben Bynum; drummers and educators Colin Bailey, Baba David Coleman, Leonard Cuddy, Buddy Deppenschmidt, Nicky Gebhard; Milford Graves, Kenny Malone, Mike Shapiro, Kozo Suganuma, Brian Weber; drummer, educator and broadcaster Carlton Jackson; drummer and sound editor Joe Siracusa; drummer and civil rights leader Ernest "Rip" Patton; drummer, festival founder (Brussels, Belgium's Saint-Jazz-Tenode) and venue founder (The Jazz Station) Jean Demannez.

Duduk player, composer and educator Djivan Gasparyan.

Educator Lawrence Eisman.
Electronic/computer music creator and (Editions Mego) label founder Peter Rehberg.

Flutist Lloyd McNeill; flutist, composer, arranger, bandleader, producer and Fania Records co-founder Johnny Pacheco; flutist, saxophonist, singer, composer and bandleader Kathryn Moses; flutist, bassist, composer and educator John Starr; flutist and educator Larry Aversano; quena flutist and composer Jorge Cumbo.

Guitarists Barthélémy Attisso, Daniel Temaeva Benoit, Giulio Camarca, Franco Cerri, Bruce Conte, Joan Eloi Vila de Paz, John Goodsall, John Hutchinson, James Mac Gaw, Beben Jazz, Derek Julien, Rohn Lawrence, Bopol Mansiamina, John Russell, Akira Wada, Sunao Wada, Anthony Weller; guitarist, composer, arranger and producer Lawrence Matshiza; guitarists, composers and bandleaders Nana Ampadu, Pat Martino; guitarists and composers Luboš Andršt, Paolo Giordano, Oscar López Ruiz, Michel Robidoux, Sebastião Tapajós; guitarist and banjoist Tony Pitt; guitarist and bassist Lulama Gawulana; guitarist, singer and producer Jacob Desvarieux; guitarists and singers Ron Anthony, Roy Gaines, Wambali Mkandawire, Beb Papasian; guitarist and (Chapman Stick) instrument inventor Emmet Chapman; guitarist, sound engineer, producer and educator Michael Bruun; guitarist, sound engineer and producer, Momir Cvetković; guitarist and festival co-founder (Switzerland's Jazzfestival Schaffhausen) Urs Vögeli; guitarist and jazz co-op club (Vancouver, Canada's The Cellar Musicians & Artists Society) president Jim Kilburn.

Harpist Sheila Bromberg.

Jazz poet, writer and anglo-saxophonist Michael Horovitz; spoken word artist Calvin Gantt. Kora player Tata Dindin.

Multi-instrumentalists Howard Johnson, Isaac Mkukupa, Keith Nichols, Mac Rae, Tom Wouters; multi-instrumentalist and composer Melih Gürel; multi-instrumentalist, singer, instrument inventor, bandleader, educator and visual artist Victor Uwaifo; multi-instrumentalist, educator and writer Conrad Cork; multi-instrumentalist and singer Claude "Didi" Pattirane; multi-instrumentalist, instrument maker (best known for his steel cello), and visual artist Bob Rutman; multi-instrumentalist, sound designer and conductor Dino Deane; multi-instrumentalist and singer Georgie Dann; multi-instrumentalist and recording engineer Oscar Anderson; multi-instrumentalist, educator and broadcaster Dan Zeilinger; multi-instrumentalist and educator Gus Mancuso.

Organists Pat Giraud, Klaus Göbel; organist, bandleader, composer and NEA Jazz Master Dr. Lonnie Smith; organist, pianist, composer and arranger Wojciech Karolak; organist, pianist and bandleader Everette DeVan; organist and singer Hubert Powell.

Percussionists Abdelmadjid "Guem" Guemguem, Tony Menjivar, Luis Miranda, Jimmie Morales, Ray Armando; percussionists and bandleaders Doc Gibbs, Ralph Irizarry, Roberto Roena; percussionist, composer, writer and filmmaker Hartmut Geerken. Performance artist (Fluxus), composer, homemade instrument maker and saxophonist Yoshi Wada.

Pianists Arthur Baum, Nic Cottis, Hubert Degex, Friedbert Diels, Tom Finlay, Ebe Gilkes, Byron "Doc Goldfinger" Goldberg, Mark Allen Jones, Walter Lang, Tracy Love, Joe Mancini, Frank O'Brien, Achim Pils, Idang Rasjidi, Vadim Sakun, Gene Taylor, Frank Toms, Deems Tsutakawa, Adriano Urso; pianist, composer, arranger, bandleader, educator and NEA Jazz Master Chick Corea; pianist, composer, educator and NEA Jazz Master Barry Harris; pianists, composers and educators Antonin Bilý, Pavel Blatný, Matt Bokulic, Burt Eckoff, János Gonda, Bill Kinghorn, Junior Mance, Andre Petersen, Uli Rennert, Gary Schunk, Ayako Shirasaki, Norman Simmons, James Tatum, Amedeo Tommasi; pianist, singer, composer and lyricist Dave Frishberg; pianist, composer, arranger and musical director Mike Renzi; pianist, composer, conductor, orchestra and educator John Ashton Thomas; pianist, composer, and conductor Leif Strand; pianist, trumpeter and arranger John Alaimo; pianist, vibraphonist and composer Francesc Burrull; pianist, composer and musical instrument executive Cecil Ramirez; pianist and bassist Richard Daugherty; pianist, violinist and big-band leader Paul Garein; pianist, broadcaster, writer, producer, Duke Ellington specialist and former Academy of Jazz president Claude Carrière; pianist, educator, and festival founder and artistic director (Saint Cannat, France's Jazz à Beaupré, Festival de Jazz Roger Mennillo) Roger Mennillo; pianist, composer, singer and bandleader Adalberto Álvarez; pianists, composers and bandleaders Florentín Giménez, Sam Marabella; pianists, composers, arrangers and producers Peter Fish, Clarence McDonald; pianist, composer, singer and educator Courtney Isaiah Smith; pianists, singers, bandleaders and artists George Frayne (Commander Cody), Patrick McNeese; pianist, arranger and conductor Howard Danziger; pianists and composers Bunny Beck, Brian Buchanan, David Durrah, Burton Greene, Alan Hawkshaw, Sanja Ilić, Hirotaka Izumi, Stephen Lawrence, Freddie Redd, Karl Heinz Wahren, Julien-François Zbinden; pianist, composer, bandleader and producer (Fania) Larry Harlow; pianists, composers and conductors Elliot Lawrence, Donald York; pianist, arranger and singer John Sheridan; pianist, singer and educator Martez Rucker; pianist, singer and comedian Rusty Warren; pianists and singers Bobby Few, Bob Ringwald; pianist, harpsichordist and musicologist Kenneth Cooper; pianist, composer, actress, and playwright Micki Grant; pianist and poet Per Aage Brandt; pianist, guitarist, singer, and concert producer and promoter Yul Anderson.

Saxophonists Carlton Ayles, Charles Brackeen, Doug Cassens, Art Daniels, Dave DePalma, Jimmy Ellis, John Firmin, Rob Haigler, Makoto Hirahara, Nils Jansen, Wally Kane, Steve Main, Hans Malbach, Aaron Martin Jr., Joey Mileti, Charlie Millard, Gay McIntyre, Erik Nilsson, Richie Perez, Barney Rachabane, Sam Reed, Ron Reinhardt Sr., Gerry Rice, Joe Robinson, Nisse Sandström, Alex Scorier, Sonny Simmons, Sal Spicola, Stefan von Dobrzynski, Mark Whitecage, Bill Wimmer, Alexei Zoubov; saxophonists, composers and arrangers Pee Wee Ellis, Hidefumi Toki; saxophonist and film composer Jerzy Matuszkiewicz; saxophonists, composers, arrangers and educators Lennart Åberg, Dave DePalma, Letieres Leite, Roger Pemberton; saxophonist, composer, educator and jazz historian Frank Tirro; saxophonist, composer and multi-instrumentalist Mike Ellis; saxophonist, composer and playwright Randy Ross; saxophonist, bandleader, arranger, educator and concert producer Phil DiRe, saxophonist, bandleader and educator Bob Sands; saxophonists and bandleaders Perry Fotos, Willie Garnett, Nobuo Hara, Stan McDonald, Jemeel Moondoc; saxophonists and educators Erez Barnoy, Christian Brewer, Carmelo Bustos, Roz Cron, Andy Fusco, Bernie Lewis, Don Palmer, Thomas Tallarico; saxophonist and poet Michael Stillman; saxophonist and singer Sheila Cooper; saxophonist and writer Ingmar Glanzelius; saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist and producer Eulalio Cervantes Galarza; saxophonist, pianist, educator and Charlotte County (FL) Jazz Society board member and concert producer Mike Parmelee; saxophonist, harmonica player and trad jazz expert Edward "Jazzman Joe" Lynch; saxophonist, arranger, lyricist and artist Brian Travers; saxophonist and broadcaster Bernard Stepien; saxophonist, writer and Montreux Jazz Festival co-founder René Langel.

Singers Yolande Bruce, Olgierd Buczek, Ela Calvo, Ally Couch, Alèmayèhu Eshété, Joyce Prima Ford, Carol Fredette, Petru Guelfucci, Mary Kehl, Kamal Keila, Sibongile Khumalo, Maria Koterbsk, Mirka Křivánková, Michel Louvain, Hélène Martin, Monarco, Ruth Olay, Denise Perrier, Marion Petric, Kurt Reichenbach, Jimmy Sapienza, Thione Seck, Judi Singh-Hughes, Gail Wynters; singers and educators Vladana Marković, Janet Lawson; singer, Society of Singers founder and philanthropist Ginny Mancini (the widow of composer Henry Mancini); singer, pianist and B-3 player Sedatrius Brown; singer, pianist, writer and concert series founder (Oxford UK's Jazz at St. Giles) Jean Darke; singer, guitarist, bandleader, composer and actor Raoul Casadei; singers, guitarists and composers Oddie Agam, Freddy Birset, Angélique Ionatos, Jon Mark (John Michael Burchell); Luís Vagner; singers and composers Miguel "Meñique" Barcasnegras, Dominguinhos do Estácio, Mario Gareña, Margo Guryan, Steve Kekana, Josky Kiambukuta, Raymond Pande, Tsepo Tshola; singer, composer and educator Jewlia Eisenberg; singer, drummer and educator Friday Mbirimi; singers and educators Vladana Marković, Reinette van Zijtveld-Lustig; singer, composer and arranger Barbara Moore; singer and pianist Jo Thompson; singer, producer and artist manager Ruth Cameron Haden (the widow of bassist Charlie Haden); singer singer, actor, guitarist and bandleader Johnny Crawford; singer, saxophonist and educator Gábor Winand; singer, songwriter (samba icon), actor and writer Nelson Sargento; singer, composer and samba dancer Firmino de Itapoã; singer and producer Lee "Scratch" Perry; singers and actors Lisa Banes, Karla Burns, Gipsy Bonafina, Lorrae Desmond, Jerry Fujio, Sheila Khumalo, Milva, Julia Nixon, Erin O'Brien, Sunni Welles; singer, songwriter and politician Agnaldo Timóteo; singer, songwriter and movie director Paolo Pietrangeli; singer and painter Ilona Royce Smithkin; singer, broadcaster and actor Bill Ramsey.

Spoken-word artist, composer, filmmaker, playwright, actor, novelist and painter Melvin Van Peebles.

Steel panist, composer, arranger and bandleader Alston Jack; steel pans innovator, drummer, bandleader and composer Anthony "Muff-Man"" Williams.

Trombonists Keith "Wolf" Anderson, Hill Jordan, Raul de Souza, Dave Donohoe, Malcolm Griffiths, Sonny Helmer, Kenny Rupp; trombonist, composer, arranger, educator and NEA Jazz Master Slide Hampton; trombonist, educator and NEA Jazz Master Curtis Fuller; trombonist, composer, producer and activist Jonas Gwangwa; trombonist, bassist and bandleader Chris Barber; trombonist, pianist and educator Bill Hanna; trombonist, singer, bandleader and writer Burt Wilson; trombonist and singer Norman Hogue; trombonist, composer, arranger, bandleader and educator Ben Elkins; trombonist, composer and arranger Garnett Brown; trombonist and bandleader Alexander Katz; trombonist and educator Julius "Beans" Rubin; trombonist and writer Mike Pointon; trombonist and (Monument Records) marketing executive/promoter Bob Rudolph.

Trumpeters Fred Antonowich, Stuart Brooks, Louis Cioci, José Miguel Credo ("El Greco"), Jack Fine, Terry Gibson Jr., Cortez Harmon, Shin Kazuhara, Joey Morant, Elton Reyes, Mike Spengler, Al Stanwyck, Roy Tate Jr., Bobby Tessitore, Gerd Wolff; trumpeter and alphornist Hans Kennel; trumpeter, singer, guitarist and bandleader Tim Gill; trumpeter, singer and educator Dominic Spera; trumpeter and trombonist Otto Andrae; trumpeters, composers, arrangers, bandleaders and educators Denny Christianson, Burgess Gardner, Jim Knapp; trumpeter, composer and arranger Matt McCarthy; trumpeter, bandleader, composer, producer and festival producer (Los Angeles' Sweet & Hot Jazz Festival) Wally Holmes; trumpeter, festival producer (Santiago, Chile's Las Condes Jazz Festival) and club owner (The Jazz Corner and Boliche Jazz) Cristián Cuturrufo; trumpeter and former Hot Club of Rennes director Hervé Le Lann; trumpeter, bandleader and educator Vitín' Paz (Victor Nicolás Paz); trumpeter, bandleader, musicologist and International Society for Jazz Research founding president Friedrich Körner; trumpeters and bandleaders Pauly Cohen, Abbi Hübner, Johnny Trudell; trumpeter and composer Renald Richard; trumpeters and educators Jim Anastasi, Manassés Aragão, Jo Jo Bennett, Pierre Dutot, Bob Ransom, Steve Robinett, Ack van Rooyen; trumpeter and transcriber Ken Slone; trumpeter and broadcaster Keith Johnson; trumpeter and brass instrument museum founder Franz Streitwieser.

Tuba players David "Red" Lehr, Bennie Pete; tuba player, trumpeter and singer Mike Walbridge; tuba player, educator and former International Tuba Euphonium Association president Dennis AsKew; tuba player, educator and brass instrument repairman Bob Pallansch; tuba player and educator Toby Hanks.

Vibraphonist Frank Wright, vibraphonist, percussionist and pianist George Devens.

Violinist Stu Gordon, Maciej Strzelczyk; violinist, composer and bandleader Elektra Kurtis; violinist, singer, arranger and educator Zoran Džorlev; violinist and pianist Dorothy Brown; violinist and educator Hugh Brown; violinist and label owner (Village Life) Sonia Slany.

Artist manager, Jazz at Kitano artistic director and pianist Gino Moratti; trad jazz artist manager Arnie Koch; concert promoter, tour manager and DJ Erich Zawinul (the son of late jazz great Joe Zawinul); artist manager and producer Harry Colomby; recording industry executives (CBS) Walter Yetnikoff, (Capitol Records/ EMI Music Worldwide) Bhaskar Menon; record producer (RCA) and trombonist Ethel Gabriel; record producer (Prestige, Atlantic and Savoy), label co-founder (Phoenix Jazz), broadcaster (WBGO) and writer Bob Porter; label owner (Mapleshade Records), producer and chief engineer Pierre Sprey; label founder (Amha Records) and night club owner (Washington DC's Blue Nile) Amha Eshèté; producer, Jazz Record Mart owner and Delmark Records founder Bob Koester; label executive (Warner Bros.) and record company owner (Rattlesby Records) Barney Kilpatrick; label founder (Spotlite Records) and discographer Tony Williams; promoter, author, jazz historian and writer Alexey Batashev; jazz promoter, manager, writer and long-time Finnish Jazz Union leader Timo Vähäsilta; producer and broadcaster Jan Borkowski; studio and label owner(Sound of New Orleans), and record shop owner Gary Edwards; improvised music promoter magazine publisher ("The Wire: Jazz, Improvised Music and...") and (CAW) record label co-founder Anthony Wood; jazz booking agent and producer Andy Kaufman.

Newport Jazz Festival founding producer, concert and festival producer, club operator (Boston's Storyville and Mahogany Hall), label owner, pianist and NEA Jazz Master George Wein; festival founder (Morristown NJ Jazz and Blues Festival) Linda Smith; festival founder (Monte Carlo Jazz Festival and Monte Carlo Summer Festival), and artistic director (Antibes, France's Jazz á Juan) Jean-René Palacio; Portland Jazz Festival founder and writer Bill Royston; festival co-founder (France's Jazz Nancy Pulsations) Roland Grünberg; concert producer, consultant, and Jazz Institute of Chicago co-founder and past president Penny Tyler; concert producer and Orange (France) Hot Club founder Pierre Charvolin; concert and festival (Charleston SC's Low Country Jazz Festival) promoter and producer Tammy Greene; club founder and owner (Marlboro NY's The Falcon) Tony Falco; club owner (Madison WI's The Jazz Workshop/The Dangle Lounge) Al Reichenberger; club founder (Krems, Austria's Thürnthal Jazz Club) and (Glatt & Verkehrt) Festival founder Josef Aichinger; Preservation Hall co-founder Sandra Jaffe; jazz funeral and second-line parade grand marshal, and brass band venues founder (New Orleans' Trombone Shorty's and The Shop) Lois Andrews; club owner (New Orleans' Chickie Wah Wah) Dale Triguero; jazz club director (Tours, France's Le Petit Faucheux) and cultural activist Françoise Dupas; promoter and club owner (Brighton UK's Chinese Jazz Club) Bonny Manzi; music venue (Lierre, Belgium's Ripspiqué) co-founder and presenter Theo de Vos; host and cabaret/jazz talent manager (at the Oak Room in New York City's Algonquin Hotel) Arthur Pomposello; Milwaukee WI jazz scene promoter and benefactor Augie Ray; jazz producer (Portugal's Allgarve Jazz, Cascais Jazz, Estoril Jazz, Jazz Num Dia de Verão, Galp Jazz, and Women in Jazz festivals), concert promoter and educator Duarte Mendonça; music editor and publicist Judy Bell; restaurateur and chef (Minnesota's Dakota Jazz Club) Jack Riebel.

Musicologist Thomas Owens; musicologist and educator Jürgen Hunkemöller' musicologist and sheet music collector Janice Cleary; archivist and promoter Rebecca Hope Edwards; Ellington scholar Ted Hudson; musical heritage advocate David Mallette; oral historian, jazz advocate and Jazz Institute of Chicago board member Timuel Black; ethnomusicologist Robert Farris Thompson; jazz advocate Edie Rothman.

Recording engineer Marshall Kent; recording engineer and producer Al Schmitt; recording engineer and equipment manufacturer Rupert Neve; recording engineer and inventor Ed Wolfrum; sound engineer and systems designer Stephen Tolve; sound engineers Carlos Melero, Brian "Griper" Nugent.

Dancer Slim Dance (Slim Abbad).

Broadcasters Paul Conley, Suzanne Corley, Jill Ditmire, George Jolly, Herbert Uhlir; broadcaster, archivist, educator, historian, producer, writer and NEA Jazz Master Phil Schaap; broadcaster, record company executive and producer (Verve, Island, Atlantic), and artist manager Eulis Cathey; broadcasters, producers and radio programmers Jan Borkowski, Thurston Briscoe; broadcaster, photographer and jazz historian Dennis Owsley; broadcaster, vibraphonist and Pittsburgh Jazz Society founder Tony Mowod; broadcaster and Swing music advocate Uwe Storjohann; broadcaster, cornetist, historian and International Society of Jazz Record Collectors former president Andy "Jazzman" Smith; broadcaster, photographer and writer Bill Cottman.

Film director and writer Bertrand Tavernier; documentary filmmaker Burrill Chron; documentary film editor Lewis Erskine; television director and screenwriter Guus van Waveren.
Illustrator Halu Iwasaki. Painter Daniel Schinasi.

Photographers Jean Germain, Louis Grivot (aka Horace), Bob Weaver, Sabine Weisss, Sepp Werkmeister; photographer, writer, road manager, booking agent, nightclub manager, broadcaster, concert producer, New York Jazz Museum founder and Cape Cod Jazz Society co-founder Jack Bradley.

Playwright Ed Bullins.

Writers Kay Bourne, Marek Boym, Leif Domnérus, Carol Easton, Pamela Espeland, Christian Gauffre, bell hooks, Michael Hopkins, Michel Le Bris, Segawa Masahisa, José Ramos Tinorhão, Patrick Williams; writer, editor, broadcaster and historian W. Royal Stokes; writer and painter Jacques Chesnel; writers and bassists Fradley Garner, Hugh Wyatt; writer, guitarist and Burnt Sugar the Arkestra Chamber founder Greg Tate; writer and trumpeter Oswald Wiener; writer and poet Al Young; writer, broadcaster, jazz historian and event producer Bill Brower; writer, broadcaster and record dealer Graeme Osborne; writers and producers Ulrich Kurth, Manfred Miller; writer, editor and cartoonist Bunny Matthews; writer and historian Alain Antonietto; writers and broadcasters Christian Broecking, Matthias Spindler; writer, photographer and artist Rob Mariani; writer and photographer Klaus Mümpfer; publisher (The American Rag) Don Jones; writer, historian and New Orleans Jazz Museum curator Don Marquis; writer and editor Patricia Kennealy-Morrison; writer and former Down Beat editor Don Gold.
Jazz record auctioneer and discographer Warren Hicks; music shop owner Henry Goldrich.

Blues, gospel and R&B artists, and industry figures Carl Bean, Jimi Bellmartin, Evette Benton, Tim Bogert, Jerry Brandt, Margo Bruynoghe, James Burke, Mark "Bubba" Bynam, Tony Cheeseborough, Willie Cobbs, Harry Coombs, Sarah Dash, Governor Davis, Morris "B.B." Dickerson, James Dukes Jr., Melvin Dunlap, Gary Eckstein, Margie Evans, Mike Finnigan, Jasper Fitzgeralad, Michael Fonfara, Carol Fran, Denny Freeman, Grady Gaines, Wally Gonzales, Doug Grigsby, Regi Hargis, James Harman, Bruce Hawes, Dusty Hill, John Dee Holeman, Roger Hawkins, Melvin Jackson, Walter L. Jones, Tutu Jumper, Al Kent, David Lasley, Irmão Lázaro, Dick Lee, Kuipiio Livingston, Ken Lyon, Tony Markellis, Andrea Martin, Count M'Butu, Ellen McIlwaine, Shawn McLemore, Marilyn McLeod, Paul Mitchell, Robert "Bip" Neal, Juan Nelson, Cla Nett, Sipokazi Nxumalo, Paul Oscher, Duranice Pace, Dean Parrish, Winfield Parker, Jim Pembroke, Peps Persson, Edgar "Gemini" Porter, George Phillips Jr., Nolan Porter, Lloyd Price, James Purify, Danny Ray, Sam Salter, Gil Saunders, Willie Schofield, William Shelby, Joe Simon, Pervis Staples, Warren Storm, Ralph Tavares, Dennis Thomas, Chucky Thompson, Lou Ulrich, Jan Vering, Reggie Warren, Chuck E. Weiss, Lee Williams, Warner Williams, Lou Wilson, Mary Wilson, Ronnie Wilson, Willie Winfield, Wanda Young.

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