Drummers have been key members of every band which has changed the course of jazz history, from Max Roach
with Charlie Parker
to Elvin Jones
with John Coltrane
and onwards. Yet drummers have been the leaders of a surprisingly small proportion of landmark bands themselves. Chick Webb
in the 1920s was the first of the few.
But with every decade that passes, the distinction between "front line" and "rhythm section" becomes more blurred. One consequence is that there will be a corresponding increase in drummers as bandleaders. You can feel the graph rising right now. At the time of writing (spring 2020), three extraordinary albums led by drummers have been released in the last four months alone.
Most jazz libraries will contain a few high-profile drummer-led albums. Likely items include Art Blakey
(Blue Note, 1958), or one of the other albums Blakey recorded during Blue Note's pomp; Max Roach's We Insist!
(Candid, 1961) or M'Boom
(Strata-East, 1973); Tony Williams
' Life Time
(Blue Note, 1964) or, if Williams' fusion era is preferred, Tony Williams Lifetime's Emergency!
(Polydor, 1969); and, more recently, Terri Lyne Carrington
's The Mosaic Project
There are plenty of other goodies out there, too. Here are ten of them. A few are well known, most of them less so. Hopefully, you will find one or two new favourites among them.
DRUMMERS AS BANDLEADERS: OFF THE BEATEN PATH
Chico Hamilton Quintet Chico Hamilton Quintet
Pacific Jazz, 1955
For a brief period in the mid 1960s, Californian chamber jazz was quite a thing. But like so-called West Coast cool, with which it was frequently conflated, it received a hammering from the East Coast jazz establishment, and disappeared almost as quickly as it had arrived. The truth is, much chamber jazz was as anaemic as the critics labelled it. At its best, however, it extended the tonal and compositional possibilities of jazz.
This album by Los Angeles' Chico Hamilton
, his debut as leader, sounds as beguiling in 2020 as it must have done sixty-five years ago. The material is strong: six tunes are in-band originals, one is a freely improvised track and three are imaginatively arranged covers (Rodgers & Hart's "My Funny Valentine," Youmans & Caesar's "I Want To Be Happy" and the traditional "Walking Blues"). The lineup is characterful: Buddy Collette
on flute, saxophones and clarinet, Jim Hall
on electric guitar, Fred Katz
on cello and Carson Smith
on drums. The album catches Collette and Hall on the first rungs of distinguished careers.
Hamilton had a knack for spotting emerging talent. His 1963 album Man From Two Worlds
(Impulse!) features Charles Lloyd
and includes the first recording of Lloyd's signature tune "Forest Flower." The sleeve of 1966's The Dealer
(Impulse!) announces it is "introducing Larry Coryell
Roy Haynes Quartet Out Of The Afternoon
During his seventy-year recording career, Roy Haynes
has produced many delights, and Out Of The Afternoon
, made on the cusp of Roland Kirk
's transition from underground figure to major star, is among the greatest.
Kirk, who plays tenor saxophone, manzello, stritch and a variety of flutes, bursts out of the gate on the Artie Shaw
-composed opener, "Moon Ray," and overall the album is as thrilling as Kirk's contemporaneous own-name Mercury debut, We Free Kings
. The key difference is the composing credits. The Mercury set was mostly written by Kirk, the Haynes album is a mixture of standards and Haynes originals: among them Haynes' storming "Long Wharf" and covers of Bart Howard's "Fly Me To The Moon" and Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger's "If I Should Lose You," which is not so much recalibrated as torn apart by Kirk's tumultuous stritch solo.
Such is the impact of Kirk's playing that Out Of The Afternoon
is in all but name a Kirk album, buttressed by the superb rhythm section of Haynes, pianist Tommy Flanagan
and bassist Henry Grimes
Dannie Richmond's "In" Crowd "In" Jazz For The Culture Set
Impulse!, 1965 Charles Mingus
' drummer from the mid 1950s until Mingus passed in 1979, Dannie Richmond
's inimitable style, which marshalled fierce forward motion and delicacy and nuance, is a vital part of over forty albums recorded by the composer and bandleader. Richmond was also, by the by, a sartorialist of the first order, possibly the best dressed man in twentieth century jazz other than Miles Davis
. "In" Jazz For The Culture Set
is unlike any of Richmond's work with Mingus. The opening track is Gary McFarland
's "High Camp," which could also have served as the title of the album. If the credits did not include Bob Thiele, you might almost imagine Impulse!'s founding producer, Creed Taylor
, had made a brief return to the label. The vibe is lounge jazz given substance by a stellar cast of musicians: guitarist Jimmy Raney
, harmonica player Toots Thielemans
, pianist Jaki Byard
, bassist Cecil McBee
and percussionists Willie Bobo
and Victor Pantoja
The nine tracks include McFarland's "Pfoofnick," Raney's "Freedom Ride," Byard's "The Berkeley Underground," George Weiss' "John Kennedy Memorial Waltz" and Chuck Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen." A curiosity which does not extend the boundaries of jazz, but of interest because it was led by a drummer who did.
Guy Warren Of GhanaAfro-Jazz
In the 1960s and early 1970s, the drummer and composer Guy Warren was part of a school of progressively inclined, culturally adventurous London-based jazz musicians which also included trumpeter Ian Carr
, tenor saxophonist Don Rendell
, guitarist Amancio D'Silva and pianist Michael Garrick
, who are all heard on Afro-Jazz
The album is a precursor of the so-called world jazz which emerged in the late 1970s and even of the culturally inclusivist stylings of the 2020 alternative London jazz scene
. Warren plays kit drums and an array of hand drums and percussion, supported by second kit drummer Trevor Tomkins
from the Carr / Rendell band. All but one tune was written by Warren. The album was so far ahead of its time that it sold only a few hundred copies.
Other Warren albums to look out for are his debut, Africa Speaks America Answers
(Decca, 1956), and African Rhythms: The Exciting Soundz Of Guy Warren And His Talking Drum
(Decca, 1962). But anything with Warren's name on it is a-grade, even the album of library music titled Native Africa
which he made for business-to-business label KPM in 1969.
Roy BrooksThe Free Slave
Muse, 1972 Roy Brooks
' The Free Slave
is one of the neglected masterpieces of spiritual jazz. Detroit-born Brooks spent the first few years of the 1960s with Horace Silver
. He then spent three years with Yusef Lateef
, when he shifted his trajectory from hard bop to spiritual jazz: Brooks' debut album, Beat
, released by Motown subsidiary Jazz Workshop in 1964, included the Alice Coltrane
Brooks suffered from mental health issues throughout his life and was off radar for much of the late 1960s. He returned to view in the early 1970s. The Free Slave
was recorded live at Baltimore's Left Bank Jazz Society with tenor saxophonist George Coleman
, trumpeter Woody Shaw
, pianist Hugh Lawson
(also heard on Beat
) and bassist Cecil McBee
. Three of the four tracks were written by Brooks.
At the time of the disc's release, Brooks could not get arrested. Neither could two albums he went on to make with Roy Brooks & The Artistic TruthEthnic Expression
and Black Survival
(1973 and 1974, Im-Hotep). Both those titles were rereleased at the start of the 2010s. But extraordinarily, Brooks' chef d'ouvre, The Free Slave
, has only been reissued once, in 1998. It is worth its weight in gold (and changes hands for almost as much).
Joe ChambersThe Almoravid
Muse, 1974 Joe Chambers
is well known to fans of classic-era Blue Note, where he made his name as a sideman and composer on important albums led by players such as Wayne Shorter
, Andrew Hill
, Bobby Hutcherson
, Joe Henderson
, Sam Rivers
and Freddie Hubbard
Like Roy Brooks' The Free Slave
, Chambers' own-name debut, The Almoravid
, is a spiritual-jazz treasure from Joe Field's Muse label, which in the early to mid 1970s ploughed a similar furrow to Strata-East (which gets a Buildng a Jazz Library Top Ten here
). The album title refers to the Maghrebi Berber dynasty which governed modern day Morocco and southern Spain in the eleventh century. Chambers leads a percussion-heavy band which also includes Cedar Walton
on piano, Cecil McBee and Richard Davis
, on acoustic and electric bass respectively, and, on Joe Zawinul
's "Early Minor," Harold Vick
on tenor saxophone. Four of the remaining five tracks were written by Chambers, one by Andrew Hill.
Tom Rainey TrioPool School
Clean Feed, 2010
Remarkably, Pool School
is the first album to be released under his own name by Downtown ninja of subtlety Tom Rainey
. His bandmates are guitarist Mary Halvorson
and saxophonist Ingrid Laubrock
, each in 2010 an emerging new NYC star on her instrument (Laubrock was already a succes d'estime in London, from where she had recently relocated). Both musicians can create intensely visceral music yet are equally at home on more cerebral material, be it pre-composed or improvised, and both are also sonic adventurers who have significantly extended the vocabularies of their instruments. Stir in Rainey's yin / yang rhythmatism and fascination follows.
The album has echoes of Laubrock's collective-improv suite, Sleepthief
(Intakt, 2009), on which Rainey made up a trio with pianist Liam Noble
. But variety of atmosphere and form is a hallmark of the set. The 12 tracks move adroitly between the composed and the improvised, the inside and the outside, the sun lounger and the deep end.
Gard Nilssen's Supersonic OrchestraIf You Listen Carefully The Music Is Yours
Fasten your seat belt, please. Get ready for the full tilt, barely tamed monster that is Gard Nilssen
' sixteen-piece Supersonic Orchestra. Audacious and experimentalist, Supersonic flouts convention and, in particular, realigns the relationship between pre-composition and improvisation in orchestral jazz. If You Listen Carefully The Music Is Yours
was recorded live at the Molde International Jazz Festival in 2019, where Nilssen was Artist in Residence. The band's uniquely configured, all-star lineup features three drummers, three double bassists and ten horn players, most of them saxophonists.
Nilssen composed and arranged the album with Andre Roligheten
, his colleague in the trio Acoustic Unity. Their approach is sweepingly original, revolutionary even, but there are references to jazz history within it. The disc opens with a feral uproar in which Sun Ra
-esque space chords punctuate free-blown ensemble eruptions, devices Ra used to kick off Arkestra performances. Later there are echoes of the eighteen-piece band John Coltrane put together for Africa/Brass
(Impulse!, 1961): the otherworldly tumult generated by Coltrane's lineup is mirrored by Supersonic's horn section.
Ted PoorYou Already Know
Impulse!, 2020 Ted Poor
's fifth album and Impulse! debut is evidence that the once mighty label, which had been allowed to become little more than a platform for underwhelming reissue programs, is on the rebound. The process was kickstarted in 2018 when British reed player Shabaka Hutchings
' Sons of Kemet
's magnificent Your Queen Is A Reptile
was released by the label. Another of Hutchings' bands, The Comet Is Coming
, followed Sons Of Kemet to Impulse! in 2019, and a third, Shabaka & the Ancestors
, did so in 2020.
The entrancing You Already Know
is the perfect polar opposite to Gard Nilssen's If You Listen Carefully The Music Is Yours
. While Nilssen drives the epic Supersonic Orchestra, Poor is accompanied only by alto saxophonist Andrew D'Angelo
. You Already Know
has its own sorts of grandeur and abandon, however, but it is a simpler and more intimate affair. Each of the nine tracks, which clock in at an average four-and-a-bit minutes apiece, plays with a rhythmic motif and a melodic one in mostly linear fashion. Some tracks are upbeat and urgent, others more reflective. It is the sort of album which gives minimalist jazz a good name.
Moses BoydDark Matter
As half of the ferocious semi-free duo Binker and Moses
, in which he is partnered with tenor saxophonist Binker Golding
, Moses Boyd
is among the most prominent of the musicians who are reinvigorating the London jazz scene. He has also proved himself as a producer, starting in 2017 with singer Zara McFarlane
's exquisite jazz / reggae set Arise
(Brownswood). Dark Matter
moves Boyd's production skills along several more notches.
Boyd and his contemporaries are enriching British jazz with styles such as Afrobeat, reggae, dub andBoyd's specialitygrime. His first commercial success was the dance single "Rye Lane Shuffle" in 2016, and the breathtakingly inventive and politically savvy Dark Matter
builds on its eclectic blueprint. The album features fellow London luminaries including tenor saxophonist Nubya Garcia
, pianist Joe Armon-Jones
and tuba player Theon Cross
, though you would hardly recognise them, such is the extent of Boyd's post-production transformations.
In years to come we may point to Dark Matter
as the start of Boyd's emergence as a kind of new Quincy Jones
, a hit maker with jazz sensibilities. Meanwhile, the album affirms Boyd as a major-league producer, one who is at home in dance music as he is in the post-John Coltrane jazz tradition, weaving them into a smoking-hot new synthesis.
Photo: Moses Boyd.