Samuel Carthorne Rivers (born September 25, 1923, El
Reno, Oklahoma) is a jazz musician and composer. He
performs on soprano and tenor saxophones, bass clarinet,
flute, and piano. Rivers was previously thought to have been
born in 1930.
Rivers's father was a gospel musician who had sung with
the Fisk Jubilee Singers and the Silverstone Quartet,
exposing Rivers to music from an early age.
Rivers moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1947, where he
studied at the Boston Conservatory with Alan Hovhaness.
He performed with Quincy Jones, Herb Pomeroy, Tadd
Dameron and others.
In 1959 Rivers began performing with 13-year-old drummer
Tony Williams, who later went on to have an impressive