Avishai Cohen: Trumpet Trio Makes Strong Mark

R.J. DeLuke By

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Everyone wants to bring out a casual live situation sound in the studio. It sounds like it might be the easiest things to do but, funny enough, it's actually one of the hardest to do.
Avishai Cohen is a trumpeter of substantial talent, working hard on his craft and career, making strides that are tangible. The steps that he takes, the bands that he plays with, are impressive. There are a lot of good young trumpeters out there, and he's situated squarely in their lot.

Early this year, he toured with the SFJAZZ Collective, a strong group of some of today's best musicians. But Cohen's more impressive recent mark on his résumé is his latest recording, a trio album, done without piano, that brings his strong playing to the forefront. It also puts on display an impressive band that communicates well while exploring the openness of that musical context.

Introducing Triveni (Anzic) came out in the latter part of 2010. On it, Cohen's playing is supple and hip—full of life. Playing over around and through the intricate rhythms of drummer Nasheet Waits and bassist Omer Avital, the album makes a strong statement. All three are thinking on their feet, pushing the musical conversation forward.

It's also a return to a freer, more improvisational kind of music that Cohen likes to dig into. In doing so, Cohen was careful about selecting just the right musicians to bring the music to life. And he was very clear on the concept. So strong were his convictions about the canvass he wanted to paint on, that trumpet trio music recorded previously was scrapped.

"It wasn't the specific sound that I wanted to bring out," says Cohen. "It wasn't like a failed session or anything. It was very good trio playing. It was just not this sound"—the one brought out by Waits and Avital.

Explains the trumpeter, "Omer has his own sound. He has his own time feel, his own approach to music and to jazz. Specifically, in this trio he is also functioning as a second soloist. Omer as a soloist has always been known to come across like he's a horn player, almost. His lines are structured as a horn player, not so much as a bassist. So in a trio setting it works perfect, because he can be the bassist and he can be the second soloist.

"Nasheet absolutely has his own sound, as well. He's raw as a drummer, the freedom that he takes and he gives. That balance between what he takes and what he gives and how we play around with it—that's so unique to him. In the beginning, it was not an easy thing to just jump on. With some drummers, it's easy right away. They keep behind you and you can roll on it. But with Nasheet it's not necessarily the case. It's more challenging, more surprising, more mysterious. Definitely unpredictable. It took me a while to understand his playing and to accept it. I knew it was something I wanted to understand."

That tension is one of the cool things about the music. Avital and Cohen weave in and around the beats of Waits to great effect. Cohen's "Ferrara Napoly," for example, is a slow tempo improvisational groove where Waits' dissimilar steps can clearly be heard. The trumpet is spot on negotiating the tune within those rhythms. The interplay is engaging.

"He's different than any drummer I ever played with," Cohen says. "He's a force. His drive is absolutely incredible. Nasheet is kind of the unknown. Omer, I'm not saying he's predictable, but he's more in the known section because I've played with him for so many years. In all different configurations. A few of my other projects. A few of his projects. Not to mention Third World Love, a band we've been co-leading for seven years. And he played with the 3 Cohens. And I played with him when I was 12 and he was 16. We played together for the first time when I was a kid back in Israel. So I know him."

"There's not too many records like this," he says. "My first record [The Trumpet Player (Fresh Sound/New Talent, 2003)] was like that. Funnily enough, the reason my first album was like this was because I got some free time in a studio that didn't have a piano. Back then it wasn't so much a concept as a reality situation. But it wasn't a big deal, because I had done it before. Years later, I realized the concept is not so foreign to me. One of my biggest influences is Miles Davis. I realized a lot of Miles' playing, even though he had a quintet; a lot of his solos are just trio. Many of the recordings Herbie Hancock doesn't comp for Miles and Wayne Shorter doesn't play during Miles' solo. Maybe I got used to that sound hearing it came from that. I had it in me because I grew up on those sounds."

The new album finds the band exploring a few standards as well. That pretty much happened on-the-spot, and was one of Cohen's goals going into the recording. Prior to starting the trio, he was playing mainly original music in his various projects, a lot of the stuff written and arranged precisely. "I was away from the American songbook, and from swing. It wasn't a main element. I was inspired a lot by West African music, and the music I did was coming from that or inspired by that and swing. But at one point I had a need to play music that has more freedom in it: to go back to explore those standards, songs that are beautiful and are part of my history. I grew up playing as a jazz student in a foreign country. I missed it."

"I really like to play a slow blues. 'Mood Indigo,' for example. Just take a tune and play it. No planning and no arrangement ... I just wanted to have a different band where I could come to the gig and say, 'Here is a tune.' Go over it in two minutes back stage and play it at the gig. I miss that element. That spontaneity."

Cohen said that he recorded enough material for a second album. He's just waiting for the right time to release it. He also wants to play live more with the group, as their schedules allow. It's a challenge, without the piano, he explains, but one he enjoys experimenting with. "It opens up, it's less predictable. You have more freedom because there is less sound around you. You have to create some kind of texture coming from fewer instruments. Not having a piano there gives you certain harmonic freedom to explore."

Jazz may be the music of exploration, but as Cohen points out, "Some people are not so comfortable with that extra freedom. You already have enough freedom to begin with, with a lot of improvisation going on in jazz. Some people don't want that freedom. Technically or even traditionally. People like certain things. Maybe people don't even like that sound."

Subtract the bassist from a band, for example. "A whole lot of space is opening up on the bottom. Usually the bass holds down the bottom and is the center of the band," he says, "When you take that center out. It's like a balloon. Someone cuts the cord and you want to fly off to the sky, but you can't. So what do you do without that bottom there? Even in your emotional space, you don't have that thing in the bottom. So you have to play around with it to find other ways to fill it, or not to fill it. Some people are not so open to that. It might be too weird or too empty. I like that surprising emptiness that a bass-less trio, for example, gives you."

Cohen was also trying to get a relaxed, live feel to the recording.

"It sounds like it might be the easiest things to do but, funnily enough, it's actually one of the hardest to do," he explains. "Everyone wants to bring out a casual live situation sound in the studio. But it's rare you can actually do it. Because there are a lot of elements that come in. If you're not prepared. If you haven't recorded much, for example ... It ends up being very strict. You don't take chances. You take less chances in the studio if you're not ready." But he's pleased with the result and his ability to "capture that live sound, that casual, 'Let's just go in and play' ... I knew I was going to play some standards. I didn't know what. "Mood Indigo," I just threw in there. I told Omer, 'You play that part of the melody.' A slight arrangement on the spot, with the tiniest details, but it actually made the whole arrangement. Omer played one line on that melody. I didn't prepare any of the standards ahead of time. I knew that I wanted to play in one room, with no separation and no headphones and try to create the live sound as much as I can, with the elements I have in the studio."

As that music circulated, Cohen also said he was very pleased with the SFJAZZ Collective gig. "It's such an inspiring experience. A learning experience, absolutely. Those guys in the band are, first of all, such great people. Fantastic, supportive, egoless bunch of people. Even though it's an all-star band. You might think that won't be the case. It's hard to achieve his kind of attitude in an all-star band. But it happens to be like that. Everyone is so into the music, so respectful of each other. Everyone putting the music as a top priority, as opposed to, 'I need to solo more. I need to play my tune more.' Whatever is the best for the concert, that's what's going on ... It's been a fantastic experience" says Cohen.

Cohen is part of the musical family from Israel that has become well known in the jazz world in recent years. His older sister, Anat Cohen, is renowned for her prowess on the clarinet and her strong presence on tenor sax. His older brother, Yuval Cohen, is an outstanding saxophonist who is also raising eyebrows. As the SFJAZZ Collective tour wound down, Avishai said the family group, the 3 Cohens, is a project that has grown organically over time and will get very active in the coming months.

"The 3 Cohens, we're putting a lot of focus on it this year," says the trumpeter. "We played Brazil. And Canada. We had a European tour in January. We played Portland." The siblings also played in New York and Boston in April and will be recording again soon, as well as touring in Australia in June. "The reaction we're getting this year is absolutely fantastic and exciting. It's so nice to have that project. To have this element. It's a unique situation I'm getting to appreciate more and more, as my life goes on. A tour with my brother and my sister. We stay on stage, we play, have fun, joke around and get paid for it," he says, laughing fondly. "Doing what we love doing."
About Avishai Cohen - Trumpet
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