| Day 3-6
| Days 7-10
| Days 11-12
Since its inception in 2005, the Norwegian Punkt festival has been gaining an international reputation for innovation and creativity. With a founding premise of Live Remixwhere individual concerts, crossing the breadth of jazz but also beyond, are remixed immediately following the performance with other musicians interacting with the remixers- -Punkt is more than a music festival, it's a movable feast. All that's required is a venue that has the capability to link up two rooms: one for the live performances, the other, the Alpha Room, for the remixes.
When Enjoy Jazz Festival Director Rainer Kern decided to bring Punkt to the festival for a single day run, the obvious choice for location was Mannheim's Alte Feuerwache (The Old Firehall), one of the festival's regular venues, managed by Egbert Ruehl. The Firehalloriginally, indeed, a fire station but, threatened with extinction nearly 30 years ago when the city wanted to build a campus of four high rise towers, but ultimately saved as a Heritage siteis more than just a performance venue.
Inside the large building is a radio station that reaches the entire Mannheim/Heidelberg/Ludwigshafen region and can be used by aspiring radio journalists to broadcast their own shows; rooms used by local artists, including a remarkable old stone printing press, rehearsal rooms for musicians, a café and more. The main performance venue has flexibility to allow seated or standing concerts, and the Alpha Room for Punkt was upstairs in a smaller studio where, for this event, a stage was added and a backdrop to allow Punkt's regular lighting wizard, Tord Knudsen, to create some terrific visual projections.
With a capacity, in the main hall, of approximately 500 people, Kern wasn't expecting anything near a selloutwith Live Remix, it's perhaps difficult to promote as it really only makes sense after experiencing itand so, it was a very pleasant surprise to see the hall almost packed, so much so that it was sometimes difficult to make it into the Alpha Room for the remixes. The concept of Punkt is, in many ways, antithetical to the premise of Enjoy Jazz, with three shows and three remixes, all back-to-back, from 8 p.m. in the evening until 1:30 a.m. the following morning, and before the day, there were those who felt that it was too much music to absorb in too short a timeframe. All was forgotten however, once the attendees began to experience Punkt, and the evening was a resounding successso much so, in fact, that Kern is already planning to bring the festival back in 2010, also intending to expand it to a two-day event. Chapter Index
Setting Up Punkt
- Setting Up Punkt
- Jon Hassell and Maarifa Street
- Live Remix: Erik Honoré and Kammerflimmer Kollektief
- Ensemble Modern
- Sweet Billy Pilgrim
- Live Remix: J. Peter Schwalm and Eivind Aarset
- Caravan Palace
- Festival Wrap-Up
The logistics of setting up a Punkt festival are challenging enough when festival co-artistic directors Jan Bang and Erik Honoré are on home turf in Kristiansand, Norway. Doing it in an unfamiliar venue could only work with the cooperation of local Mannheim technical folks, and it's a certainty that Punkt in Mannheim couldn't have succeeded as it did without the efforts of Egbert Ruehl and the venue's technical manager, Michael Ohnmacht. The solution to connecting the main hall and the Alpha Room was, as it turned out, a straightforward one, as it was easy enough to run a 16-channel snake between the rooms, allowimg the remixers access to the live performances.
Still, with three performances and three remixes, it was a grueling but very well-organized schedule to get the two rooms prepared and all the artists sound checked in the seven-hour period beginning at noon on October 30. In the main hall, Sweet Billy Pilgrim, Ensemble Modern and Jon Hassell
set up, one after the other, dealing with minor technical issues and ensuring that, on stage, everyone could hear one another. Still, minor issues arose. During the Hassell sound check, when it was discovered that the room's subwoofers were not in front of the stage as usual, but beneath it, there was some difficulty in getting the levels right so that Hassell's group, Maarifa Street, could play comfortably.
With Sweet Billy Pilgrim, there was the matter of four vocalists, and the technology being used to play programmed tracks behind the band's live performances. For Ensemble Modern the challenges were different, with five horns and two percussionists, getting a proper monitor balance onstage took time.
And yet, the sound checks in the main hall went off with precision and few delays. One difference between Punkt in Kristiansand and Punkt in Mannheim was that, in Norway, there are also complicated set designs, lighting changes and multi-media presentations that make each performance not just sound different, but look different as well. In Mannheim, other than stage lighting, there was nothing in the way of set design; instead, it was a simpler matter, with the only changes between performances the actual musicians themselves.
The Alpha Room was also different. In Kristiansand, the laboratory nature of the Live Remixes means that there's little lighting and no stage; just a couple of lights and bleacher seating. In Mannheim, with visual artist Tord Knudsen and Kristiansand Alpha Room sound engineer Johnny Skalleberg in tow, Mannheim's Alpha Room had a more extensive setup, with projectors, cameras and lighting to turn the Live Remixes into multimedia affairs. And, as is often the case, things did not go completely without a hitch as, when one of the technicians was on a ladder to mount one of the projectors, the handle literally snapped off, the projector falling to the ground and breaking irreparably.
But in relative terms, such difficulties were minor, and by 7 p.m., when the doors opened, Punkt was ready for business. Jon Hassell and Maarifa Street
It's been a little over a year since trumpeter Jon Hassell performed at Punkt 2008
in Kristiansand, and his Mannheim Punkt performance revealed a significantly altered Maarifa Street group. Still present were Jan Bangdoing programming, beats and live sampling, where he sampled his band mates, processed what he recorded, and fed it back to them to spur more improvisational stretchingand remarkable violin virtuoso Kheir-Eddine M'Kachiche. Gone were bassist Peter Freemanwho had worked with the iconic trumpeter innovator for more than a decadeand percussionist Pedram Khavarzamini, replaced by Norwegian guitar anti-hero Eivind Aarset
, also doubling on bass.
The result was a group far less grounded in conventional rhythm. As Hassell said in a 2009 AAJ interview
, ... "when bass and drums get together they lock in and start going someplace. I actually resist that groove thing because in a way it's so easy to do." When he spoke of ... "what's a groove to me is Pygmy or other forms of African drumming, where there's not an even division between the 8th notes," who knew that he'd be moving even further in that direction, without conventional percussion? Between Bang's samples, and Aarset's unparalleled ability to pull completely unorthodox textures from his guitar and mad scientist's desk of effects, computer and other devices, the musicmuch of it culled from Last night the moon came dropping its clothes in the street
(ECM, 2009)possessed a pulse to be sure, but one that was deeper, more elemental than what has come before. Aarset's ability to take the simple sound of tapping his electric guitar body and turn it into something huge
and deep, as well as his mbira emulation, lent the performance an entirely different complexion.
Hassell's effected trumpet tone, with harmonized-and reverb-drenched tones augmenting a natural timbre that's equally distinctive, was the thematic focal point in the 50-minute set. Bang drove the music's form with the rich orchestral chords of Last Night
's title track, while Aarset contributed the breadth of colors that have cemented his reputation as one of today's most creative guitarists. M'Kachichewho plays the violin with the body on his lap rather than in the crook of his neckdemonstrated here, as he did at Punkt 2008, that the more traditionalist tendencies shown in his participation with Norwegian keyboardist Jon Balke
(ECM, 2009) project maybe at the root of his approach, but he's as much a forward thinker as the rest of Maarifa Street. Feeding his violin through a small array of effects, the alterations were subtle but, like the rest of the show, turned the music into a confluence of the old, the new and the yet-to-be-discovered.
Hassell's ongoing quest for musical integration, where cultural markers come together in something that's referential but not exactly reverential
, has been evolving at a more rapid pace in the last couple years as he's busier than ever. With an unorthodox group performing unconventional music that's both cerebral and physical (bringing together, as Hassell calls it, "The North and South of You"), the trumpeter's lifelong musical quest is one that may never actually reach its destination but, with performances like that of Punkt in Mannheim, is certainly finding its way closer to it. Live Remix: Erik Honoré and Kammerflimmer Kollektief
Germany's Kammerflimmer Kollektief's 2007 Punkt performance
in Kristiansand was, with the benefit of hindsight, more successful than it appeared at the time. The core trioguitarist/electronics manipulator Thomas Weber, bassist Johannes Frisch and keyboardist/vocalist Heike Aumüllerworked with Punkt's Erik Honorü to create a Live Remix of Hassell's performance that expanded the cultural references to include a kind of skewed hint of American blues.
With samples of Hassell's music creating a near-static harmonic center with barely a hint of pulse, Weber layered bluesy lines that made the remix feel as though it were the late 1960s in London, with the more psychedelic version of early Pink Floyd. Frisch's unfettered yet measured approach to his double-basscreating more texture than rhythmic anchorlifted the remix into the ether as he applied his own series of arco-driven harmonics. Seated on the stage without a chair, Aumüller added sounds from both a harmonium and small electric keyboard, while Honoré drove the base context of the remix as he grabbed snippets of Hassell's show, processing and looping them into an even richer sonic tapestry.
It was a rare opportunity to see the people involved in Live Remix working while the source performance was still going on in the performance space below. Listening carefully to the music, certain ideas were discussed that gave the Live Remix its starting point. Despite being only sketchy discussions, they demonstrated Punkt's approach to Live Remix, which allows for maximum expression but inevitably begins with a core idea. As creative as the main performances always are, Live Remix is more consistently about music without a safety net, one where it's impossible to predict what will happen. They may not always work, but the trip is always worth taking. Still, at Punkt in Mannheim, all three remixes were highly successful experiments that provided an unfamiliar audience with three stellar examples of the festival's creative breadth. Ensemble Modern
Ensemble Modern has been around for nearly 30 years, evolving into one of the world's greatest new music ensembles. Best-known outside classical circles for its remarkable look at the music of the late Frank Zappa
on The Yellow Shark
(Ryko, 2003) and its collaboration with Fred Frith
on The Traffic Continues
(Winter & Winter, 2000), the fluid personnel of Ensemble Modern has, perhaps more importantly, acted as a significant advocate for contemporary classical composers including Heiner Goebbels, Helmut Lachenmann, Mauricio Kagel and George Benjamin. For its 50-minute Punkt performance in Mannheim, the ensemble was trimmed down to seven piecesfive brass players, one percussionist and a pianist/sampler.
Beginning with "Sequenza V," Luciana Berio's composition for solo trombone, Ensemble Modern demonstrated that new music needn't be serious music.
A piece that requires extended techniques including multiphonics, singing while playing, using a plunger in rather unusual ways, like rattling it in the bell of the trombone. But most important is the delivery of the piece, and Ensemble Modern's Uwe Dierksen delivered Berio's piecea tribute to Glock, called "the last of the great clowns" with a prerequisite mix of instrumental virtuosity and comedic timing. Engaging the audience by playing brief, vocal- like phrases, then stopping to ask for a response, Dierksen, at one point, emulated a racing car while miming and, ultimately, asking the audience, simply and directly, "Why?"
Trumpeter Sava Stoianov's performance of Edison Denisov's "Solo for Trumpet in B" and Rainer Römer's look at Iannis Xenakis' "Redondo," a solo piece for percussion, were more serious but just as compelling. The three solo compositions led to the set's longest piece, Heiner Goebbels' "Herakles 2," first recorded by Ensemble Modern on La Jalousie / Red Run / Herakles 2 / Befreiung
(ECM New Series, 1993). A challenging piece to perform, it was an equally difficult listen, and yet the almost sold out crowd was enraptured by the Ensemble's navigation of Goebbels' knotty compositional constructs.
At a festival that rarely has problems, the only problem with Punkt in Mannheim was that the Alpha Room was considerably smaller than the main hall and, with a large audience, there was the risk of not making it into the Alpha Room, which is exactly what happened for the Ensemble Modern Live Remix, with Norwegian singer Sidsel Endresen
, Jan Bang and Erik Honoré; particularly disappointing as the word is that it was the best remix of the night. Still, speaking with Honoré after the evening was over, he reiterated one of the fundamentals of Punkt that also distances it from many other festivals: they don't work through agents to make musical connections, it's all done via networking. Whether meeting musicians for the first time at Punkt festivals taking place outside of Norway, or on tour with other groups, it's these experiences that lead to future collaborations. Based on the Ensemble Modern remix, it's clear that this may be but the beginning of future collaboration.