Clifford BrownWith StringsEmarcy
Recordings setting soloists alongside string ensembles were not a staple of the bop years, but, when trumpeter Clifford Brown
recorded With Strings
, he had two illustrious predecessors. In 1946, trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie
recorded four Jerome Kern
standards with an ensemble arranged by Johnny Richards
. Kern's estate, horrified at the "desecration," blocked their release (they were finally issued in 1980 on Phoenix Records). In 1949, saxophonist Charlie Parker
recorded with strings arranged by Jimmy Carroll, returning to the idea a year later, this time with arranger Joe Lipman. In 1955, Brown's string ensemble was arranged by Neal Hefti
, on a session which also employed Brown's regular touring bandRichie Powell
(piano), George Morrow (bass), Max Roach
(drums)augmented by guitarist Barry Galbraith
Brown's With Strings
may not have been the first album in the field, but it is surely among the most beautiful of jazz discs ever to be made with stringsor, come to that, without them. It benefits, too, from the advances in studio technology made in the 1950s, after the Gillespie and Parker recordings: the sound is deep and lush, and the six violins, two violas and a cello sound like an ensemble larger than its actual size.
Brown's sunny, lyrical style was as well suited to a strings setting as that of tenor saxophonist Stan Getz
, whose Eddie Sauter
-arranged masterpiece, Focus
(Verve), was recorded in 1961. Unlike Getz, Brown's approach was not improvisation-focused; the 12 tracks on With Strings
are all around three minutes long and Brown's solos are restricted, in the main, to theme embellishments during the second half of each performance. Hefti's gorgeous arrangements aside, the magic comes from the way Brown reads the tunes.
What great tunes they are. Three composed by Jerome Kern, two by Richard Rodgers, and others by George Gershwin
, Eubie Blake
, Bob Haggart
, David Raksin, Ann Ronell and Joseph Russel Robinson
. The disc closes with Hoagy Carmichael
Every one of the tracks is a gem, but "Stardust," by a neck, is the most lustrous, a reading to set alongside Carmichael's own privately made, intensely poignant solo piano recording of 1944.
If any criticism can be leveled at With Strings
, it is a small one. Had the number of tracks been limited to ten, allowing a chorus or so of full-on trumpet improvisation, with the album still coming in at the then-maximum 40 minutes' playing time, we would, perhaps, have perfection. But that is to cavil. With Strings
is as close to perfection as makes no difference.
A year after the album was made, Brown (along with Richie Powell) was killed in an auto crash, aged 26.
Tracks: Yesterdays; Laura; What's New?; Blue Moon; Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man; Embraceable You; Willow Weep for Me; Memories of You; Smoke Gets in Your Eyes; Portrait Of Jenny; Where Or When; Stardust.
Personnel: Clifford Brown: trumpet; Richie Powell: piano; Barry Galbraith: guitar; George Morrow: bass; Max Roach: drums; uncredited string nonet arranged by Neal Hefti.