All About Jazz

Home » Articles » Book Reviews

Dear All About Jazz Readers,

If you're familiar with All About Jazz, you know that we've dedicated over two decades to supporting jazz as an art form, and more importantly, the creative musicians who make it. Our enduring commitment has made All About Jazz one of the most culturally important websites of its kind in the world reaching hundreds of thousands of readers every month. However, to expand our offerings and develop new means to foster jazz discovery we need your help.

You can become a sustaining member for a modest $20 and in return, we'll immediately hide those pesky Google ads PLUS deliver exclusive content and provide access to future articles for a full year! This combination will not only improve your AAJ experience, it will allow us to continue to rigorously build on the great work we first started in 1995. Read on to view our project ideas...


Music From Out There, In Here: 25 Years Of The London Jazz Festival

Ian Patterson By

Sign in to view read count
Music From Out There, In Here: 25 Years Of The London Jazz Festival
Emma Webster, George McKay
136 Pages
University Of East Anglia

There was a time when London had more jazz festivals than you could shake a stick at. Most, however, have disappeared, leaving the London Jazz Festival, founded in 1993, as the flagship. Twenty five years is not old in jazz festival terms—the wonderful trad jazz festival that is the Australian Jazz Convention has been going since 1946—but in that time the London Jazz Festival has built a reputation as one of the best jazz festivals, indeed one of the best music festivals in the world.

This illuminating history is the result of a year's digging by researchers and co-authors Dr. Emma Webster and Professor George McKay, and represents the final outcome in the Impact of Festivals project funded by—take a deep breath—the Arts and Humanities Research Council's Connected Communities programme, which included studies on the socio-economic impacts of British music festivals and more specifically of jazz festivals. The authors' linear narrative of the LJF—jam packed with colour photographs—captures the sense of a great adventure unfolding, a romance, if you like, between the festival and its host city.

Placing London and the LJF within the wider context of jazz in Britain, the authors point out that whilst London was late to the party in terms of establishing a jazz festival that reflected the city's global status, there has been a fairly constant history of jazz festivals in or around London since the Festival of Jazz in 1949. Thirty years earlier, in 1919, the Original Dixieland Jazz Band and the African American Southern Syncopated Orchestra had both come to Britain, helping disseminate jazz and help cement, the authors claim, London's growing reputation as a "jazz age hotspot." Dedicated jazz record shops, magazines and clubs soon flourished in the capital, though jazz's course in London never did flow entirely smoothly.

From roughly 1935-1955, one of the most innovative periods in jazz history, the red tape of the Musicians Union meant that very few American musicians performed in Britain. Consequently, jazz fans packed the cross-channel ferries when Charlie Parker came to Paris in May 1949. Nevertheless, jazz flourished in Britain, with jazz festivals and jazz clubs mushrooming in the 1950 and 1960s. As the 1960s gave way to the 1970s—and reflecting a wider European jazz confidence—British jazz was, the authors relate: "no longer reliant on American development, with a distinctive flavour of its own."

Trailblazers like John Surman, Evan Parker, Kenny Wheeler and Norma Winstone feature strongly in the LJF story but so too do the musicians from the South African diaspora, as well as those from the British Caribbean, African and Asian communities who have done so much to revitalize jazz/contemporary music in Britain. From Courtney Pine and The Jazz Warriors—the first black British big-band since the 1950s—to Gary Crosby and Arun Ghosh, from Soweto Kinch and Nitin Sawhney to Yazz Ahmed—not forgetting innovations such as drum 'n' bass and acid jazz—the rich plurality of London/Britain's identity has been reflected in, and in turn shaped the LJF.

A watchful eye on what is new in jazz and an appreciation of the unique and the distinctive in music have also been key elements in the LJF's programming decisions. Like any festival, the LJF has reflected key developments in jazz over the past twenty five years, but, the authors stress, it has also been a progressive force in commissioning new music and in curating collaborations between seemingly unlikely combinations of musicians.

With grass-roots social engagement a major part of the festival's ethos, the LJF has increasingly taken the music outside the concert hall to myriad public spaces and in doing so has brought the music to new audiences. Talent development, learning and participation are conerstones of the LJF and drive the festival's outreach programmes.

The story of the LJF is also the story of festival director John Cumming, who had previously founded Bracknell Jazz Festival (1975-1987) and produced Camden Jazz Week in the late 1970s. Cumming's early vision of jazz as a pan-cultural music, his desire to commission new music, his embrace of the then emergent ECM label and his recognition of jazz's pioneers were all aspects of his philosophy at Bracknell and Camden that he has brought via production company Serious to LJF.

No less important in shaping the LJF have been Serious co-directors David Jones and Claire Whitaker, and within the limited confines of this short-ish book the influence of both are duly acknowledged.


Related Video

comments powered by Disqus

Related Articles

Read Led Zeppelin by Led Zeppelin Book Reviews
Led Zeppelin by Led Zeppelin
by Nenad Georgievski
Published: September 22, 2018
Read What's Big and Purple and Lives in the Ocean?: The Moby Grape Story Book Reviews
What's Big and Purple and Lives in the Ocean?: The...
by Doug Collette
Published: September 9, 2018
Read Jorma Kaukonen: Been So Long - My Life & Music Book Reviews
Jorma Kaukonen: Been So Long - My Life & Music
by Doug Collette
Published: August 25, 2018
Read Sophisticated Giant: The Life and Legacy of Dexter Gordon Book Reviews
Sophisticated Giant: The Life and Legacy of Dexter Gordon
by R.J. DeLuke
Published: August 21, 2018
Read Blues From the Bayou: The Rhythms of Baton Rouge by Julian C. Piper Book Reviews
Blues From the Bayou: The Rhythms of Baton Rouge by Julian...
by C. Michael Bailey
Published: August 20, 2018
Read Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans, 3rd Edition Book Reviews
Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans, 3rd Edition
by C. Michael Bailey
Published: August 18, 2018
Read "Claude Ranger: Canadian Jazz Legend" Book Reviews Claude Ranger: Canadian Jazz Legend
by David A. Orthmann
Published: November 15, 2017
Read "The Great Jazz and Pop Vocal Albums" Book Reviews The Great Jazz and Pop Vocal Albums
by Roger Crane
Published: December 19, 2017
Read "Softly, With Feeling" Book Reviews Softly, With Feeling
by Richard J Salvucci
Published: October 24, 2017
Read "Led Zeppelin by Led Zeppelin" Book Reviews Led Zeppelin by Led Zeppelin
by Nenad Georgievski
Published: September 22, 2018