Since Henry Grimes' resurfacing, the bar has been raised for dramatic stories of life away from music. During the summer, trumpeter Jacques Coursil released a new record, his first since 1969. Was there a commensurate exciting story for his long sojourn away from music? Not really. Since an early age, music has just been one of many careers and interests Coursil has had. He only spent the last few decades receiving two Ph.D.'s and most recently completing a Visiting Professorship at Cornell University. "Those things come by scientific reputation, Coursil recounted. "I met someone several times in colloquiums and we had affinities in various subjects and they were looking a visiting professor because they were in need of filling some empty slot. I was at that time teaching at the University of the West Indies [in Martinique]... In Cornell, I teach Francophone Literature... colonialism, post-colonialism, things like that with regard to issues. My position is kind of a philosopher but I had my training in linguistics and philosophy of language and all that goes with linguistics.
Prior to recording Minimal Brass
(Tzadik) this year, Coursil's last sessions were his first two as a leader close to 40 years prior: Black Suite
with Anthony Braxton and Burton Greene and The Way Ahead
. These two entries into the BYG-Actuel catalogue were some of the label's strongest, particularly because of Coursil's compelling compositions. Though he was recording with ex-pats like Braxton and Greene (Coursil also participated on Greene's own BYG disc Aquariana
), he was actually an ex-pat returning home for these recordings.
Coursil was born in Paris but moved to New York in 1965. "In 1965, just around the assassination of Malcolm X, this is a natural propensity of a person of me like, having been in Africa, Senegal, West Africa, now I got to see the United States. I sold my library, I was not old at the time, I was 28 but I had a lot of books so I sold my books, paintings and I started playing almost immediately. Coursil is nostalgic for those early days in New York, a much different time for the city. "New York has changed considerably. It was extremely appealing. For years, I slept three hours a day. I would go to the theater at 1 am because someone was having a rehearsal there, someplace in a warehouse. I would meet all sorts of people. People were friendly, open, not keeping their stuff for themselves. This environment was a particularly expansive one. The October Revolution in Jazz was still fresh and the movement of free players in New York was substantial. The young trumpeter, whose experience was more traditional, found the city invigorating and in line with his philosophical thinking, concepts that would serve him in his then future career. "I had a lot of things intellectually also to unlearn all the time. This is how knowledge goes, it doesn't pile up, it takes out what was only beliefs and it gets clearer and clearer or maybe it becomes the opposite, it becomes more chaotic because you discover a fact you believed was true was not... What I am interested in is how people listen, not what they want to listen to... The human is a musical animal basically. So I am not trying to play things for him that he wants but things that he can hear in his range, his capability of listening.
Coursil played around a lot during the '60s and appeared on two recordings for the ESP label - the home for the New York avant-garde. Sunny Murray's eponymous debut and Frank Wright's second disc for the label, Your Prayer
, are monumental documents of the genre. Coursil even recorded his own disc for ESP in 1967 with Marion Brown but it remains unissued because, as Coursil says, "I was afraid he would publish the record under Marion Brown's name. I think he was about to do that. I would have been extremely mad, not that I have anything against Marion, but this is my record with compositions that I wrote, very funny bebop Ornette Coleman type of stuff. For those who lump Coursil squarely in with the free movement, hearing him talk about his influences belies that notion: "When I was a kid I was studying the cornet. You cannot match the French masters on the cornet. Those guys are too much, especially the tradition of the 19th century. And then came Armstrong, no rubato, no virtuoso at all but such a timbre, such a clarity of timbre. You hardly know those people before him existed... vanished into the garbage can of history.