Ian Shaw is a jazz singer. This simple description is accurateit's how Shaw refers to himselfbut it falls well short of doing the man justice. Ian Shaw is one of the most distinctive, original and creative jazz singers on the scene: he is a talented pianist and songwriter with a knack for working with top-quality musicians, an ability to seek out and cover some of the finest songs in contemporary music, and a showmanship that ensures that his live performances can raise tears of laughter as well as tears of sadness.
Since the early 1990s, Shaw has released 11 albums as leader or co-leadera diverse collection of recordings featuring songs from the Great American Songbook and from major writers such as Joni Mitchell and Nick Cave. No two albums share the same musicians or the same instrumentation: each one is a departure from its predecessor, yet Shaw's voice, the one ever-present element, makes them all distinctly recognizable as his own. Shaw's development as a musician is equally distinct and perhaps gives some clue to the way in which he works, mixing free jazz influences with comedy and piano bars.
Shaw grew up in Wales, and both his parents had a musical background. He began to learn the piano in a fairly standard fashion: "I did the Trinity College, London, piano course until I was 16. I did my 8 grades [examinations]." Some biographical sources state that Shaw studied at Trinity College, Dublin, but he's keen to emphasize the inaccuracy of this information: "I've never, ever, set foot in Trinity College, Dublin. ... Somebody made up this amazing biography of me, only half of which was true. The rest of it was so spectacularly detailed, but untrue. My father and my mother were both extremely musical. My father played trumpet and cornet and I started with piano and brass band. I was a precocious classical pianist brat. Then I came to London and did a music degree at King's College, which I passed, but not with flying colors. I did no work for three years, just went to jazz clubs, bought Miles Davis records and got pissed." Shaw laughs at the memory. "That was my formal training: I did composition and analysis. ... I got what I needed from it. After that I started gigging almost immediately, playing pubs and wine barsplaying piano but not singing. One of my first collaborators was a guy called John Miller, a good, swinging pianist who used to play with Van Morrison and was really into Frank Zappa and [the late English singer-songwriter] Nick Drake."
Early in his career, Shaw moved into an unexpected area for a budding jazz singer: "I did stand-up comedy with music for about four years. In fact, I did a comedy tour this year with [British comedians] Arthur Smith and Sandi Toksvig." The move into comedy may seem unusual, but Shaw's live shows are genuinely funny events, and it's easy to imagine him in a comedy club setting. Shaw's next move again put music center-stage, as he explains: "I met this guy called Jack Fallon. He was a Canadian bassist [who had settled in England after the Second World War] who played with the likes of Jack Teagarden and Lena Horne. In the '50s, he set up an agency which was still going into the '80s. I auditioned for him, and he sent me out to play piano bars around the world for three years. I'd play four sets a night. I bought all the Real Books and learnt all the standards. I learnt on my feetwell, on my piano stool."
Shaw refined his singing as he worked in piano bars, responding to requests for songs. On his return to the UK, he made another, typically self-effacing, decision: "I decided that I'd be better if I worked with a better pianist." Soon after, he began working with a trio and expanded his own musical knowledge. "I got into Betty Carter, Jimi Hendrix and, more specifically, Mark Murphy. I fell in love with his approach to singing and thought that I could do something similar. It was a revelation. By that time, I had a quartet [with John Parricelli on guitar] and I'd guested on a couple of albums. Then I did my first album under my own name, live at Ronnie Scott's"
That album was Ghostsongs (Ronnie Scott's Jazzhouse, 1995). "Right in at the deep end," says Shaw, "but it still sells. I don't really sing like that anymore, but I went straight into it. There were bits of Betty Carter and [British free jazz vocalist] Phil Minton." The influence of Minton is another unexpected aspect of Shaw's development, but he is not the only influence to come from the British avant-garde. Saxophonist Lol Coxhill also affected Shaw positively: "Lol Coxhill and I used to do duo gigs, and his playing really influenced my singing. He'd do a solo, then I'd do a solo with my voice sounding like his instrument. So rather than learning the bebop stuff, initially I started at the free end of jazz. However, I was obsessed with chordal structures and decided I needed to turn my work into something I could sustain."
The next group of singers to influence Shaw came from less unexpected quarters: he name-checks Al Jarreau, Jon Hendricks, and Sarah Vaughan, among others. "I got to work with quite a few: in fact I worked with Jon Hendricks again only last week [as part of the 50th Anniversary celebrations for Ronnie Scott's Club]." In terms of technique, Shaw was particularly influenced by Madeline Bell, whom he met while working in Spain. Bell has had a long and successful career as a session vocalist and as a singer in hit bands such as Blue Mink. She is now a close friend of Shaw's: "I love her and her sound," he declares. Blues singer Carol Grimes, with whom he guested on Lazy Blue Eyes (Offbeat Records, 1990), was another important influence for Shaw, who describes her as "a fascinating woman and a good friend."
This mixture of influences is unique, but not part of a plan on Shaw's part. "It's just what was around. I wasn't a jazz teenager. It's different now, with college jazz courses, but I never heard jazz in college. I had to go and look for it. I spent all my grant money in [London music shop] Dobell's. All my influences came to me purely by accident." This serendipitous jazz education also happened back home in Wales, where the singer's father worked as a furniture removal man and would often come home with boxes of unwanted records from house clearances. "He brought home 20 Aretha Franklin albums one week," Shaw remembers. "All sorts of influences came my way."