Westchester Jazz Orchestra
Dobbs Ferry, NY
September 29, 2012
The much-acclaimed Westchester Jazz Orchestra (WJO) opened its 10th season with a program called West Side Stories
, based on that brilliant and timeless 1957 Broadway musical by Leonard Bernstein
and Stephen Sondheim. In keeping with the WJO's ongoing educational objectives, the concert began with a conversation among four of the evening's arrangers: WJO's artistic director and conductor, pianist Mike Holober
, trombonist Pete McGuiness, trumpeter Tony Kadleck
, and pianist Alan Broadbent
. In a frank and fascinating discussion, they revealed how each faced the challenge of reimagining Bernstein's classic score.
McGuiness, whose assignment was "Maria," had toured Europe for eight months with a production of West Side Story
. "I like to go back to the very first record, to get the original intent of the composer," he said, adding that, "I wanted warm brass on the first three noteseverything goes from that." His "Maria" incorporates another classic as well: the familiar sultry rhythms of pianist Ahmad Jamal
Kadlek, who also spent time in the musical's orchestra pit, explained that since "One Hand, One Heart" was basically underscoring for the dialogue; his task was to translate those tender moments for the brassy voice of a big band. He described using such tools as Sibelius software to determine whether a section would sound better with trumpets or trombones. Even with computer assistance, the creative process can be problematic: "I started out gangbusters," he confessed, "then got writer's block." But Kadlek clearly broke through, since he crafted the highlight of the evening: an exciting chart with a catchy groove that also featured superb playing by John Bailey
Mike Holober explained how his approach depends on "whatever's flowing." He might start with the form, or the rhythm: "I take it, and then go from there." For his arrangement of "A Boy Like That/I Have a Love," he said, "I was thinking John Coltrane
quartet, that kind of playing hardnot hard playing!" For his part Alan Broadbent, who's won Grammy
awards for arranging for Natalie Cole
and Shirley Horn
, talked about the need "to think beyond the keyboard" and the difficulty of "getting away from that big 'Tonight
'!" (This bold tune was his assignment.) But once he has an idea, he said, "I write very quicklyit's a Zen kind of thingfrom beginning to end."
The program also included medleys from the legendary bands of Stan Kenton
and Buddy Rich
. As might be expected, the Rich version was anchored by fine WJO drummer Andy Watson
, and focused on toying with the rhythm, particularly in the "Prologue." The Kenton medley was full of its own signature: those startling eruptions from different layers of brass and reeds. Hearing their delightful "Gee, Officer Krupke" was a reminder that Stephen Sondheim wrote every word in West Side Story except for two: that final "Krup You!," which was Bernstein's contribution to this much-beloved and comical tune.
All told, it was a fine evening of music as well as invaluable insights. With its deep roster of stellar players, the WJO is unique in bringing the incomparable big band sound north of New York City to Westchester County. Its first successful decade produced 150 charts and two widely-praised CDs, and with this season's debut, Westchester Jazz Orchestra is well on its way to a second.