Paul Gonsalves Meets Earl Hines

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Tenor saxophonist Paul Gonsalves's centenary was over the weekend, on July 12. A romantic balladeer and gruff hard-charger, Gonsalves spent much of his career in the Duke Ellington Orchestra from 1950 onward. On his small-group leadership and sideman sessions, Gonsalves often was paired with tiger musicians who could rise to the occasion and give as good as they got. Album mates included Clark Terry, Tubby Hayes, Sonny Stitt and Eddie “Lockjaw" Davis.

One of the rare non-horn match-ups was Paul Gonsalves Meets Earl Hines, also known as It Don't Mean a Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing, on Black Lion. Recorded in New York in 1970, Gonsalves and Hines (above) were backed by bassist Al Hall and drummer Jo Jones. The album was conceived and produced by Stanley Dance, who recorded them together at National Recording Studios at 730 Fifth Ave.

The tracks were It Don't Mean a Thing, Over the Rainbow, What Am I Here For, Moten Swing and I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good. A bonus track was added of Hines playing solo on Blue Sands, recorded in 1972 at Hank O'Neal Studios.

What make this album unusual is how gentle it is. Gonsalves historically has been a saxophone gladiator, especially on the Hayes, Stitt and Cookin' sessions in the 1950s. But here, Hines takes it easy and Gonsalves follows suit with a smokey tone. It's almost like listening to him in slow motion, which gives you a chance to hear him exposed. In this regard, he's more Ben Webster than Don Byas.

Gonsalves is probably best known for his staggering 27-chorus solo in the middle of Ellington's Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1956, widely credited as kicking Ellington's orchestra up a notch with critics just when the band was being viewed as a sleepy shadow of its former self.

On this album, Gonsalves snaps into Hines's measured groove. But slowing things down doesn't deter Gonsalves from applying his slippery style and habit of curling around melodies. Jones also is a study in isolation here, especially on Moten Swing, where his tom-tom sounds like a thick mattress and his sticks come off like tap-dancing shoes. On this albums, two speed demons exhibit self-restraint, like a couple of Lamborghinis driving the speed limit in a school zone. Nice and easy does it every time.

Paul Gonsalves died in 1974; Earl Hines died in 1983. 

JazzWax clips: Here's Moten Swing...



And here's What Am I Here For...

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This story appears courtesy of JazzWax by Marc Myers.
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