American composer/pianist David Lopato has a long history with South Asian music, especially the music of Java. Much of the music in the title workwhich occupies the first disc of this two-disc setwas inspired by the year he spent in Surakarta (seat of one of the two great kingdoms of Central Java, where most of the Javanese music we hear in the West originates) on a Fulbright grant. As a jazz musician Lopato was intrigued by the prospect of combining South Asian musics with Western improvised music. The compositions here had a long gestation period, during which Lopato achieved an uncommon thing: the deep fusion of two very disparate musical traditions.
The first disc in the set is devoted to the title composition: a symphonic-length composition for ten players in four movements written over a 15-year period. It is labelled "Java," and the Javanese musical content is reinforced by the presence of Javanese instruments on all four tracks. "Ladrang" opens the piece with a very Javanese introduction: a series of overlapping ostinato patterns, supported by Mark Perlman's Javanese kendhang (a two headed drum used in Javanese gamelan performances)Lopato provides a virtual violin part, which take the lead in a way consistent with gamelan practice. "This Life" begins with a Whirling Dervish theme (to mix traditions for a moment), followed by jazz piano improvisation from the leader, with walking bass from Ratzo Harris and swinging trap set from Tom Rainey. Marty Ehrlich's saxophones and Mark Feldman's violin have a conversation over a Javanese ostinato pattern. After a brief introduction "Jalan Jiwa" (which translates to "Spirit Road") goes into a short gong cycle. "Gendhing," which Lopato describes as "the most purely Javanese of the lot," is the longest track. Very Javanese sounding, but Lopato used technology to support his more Western harmony: sampling made a wider range of gong pitches possible than the traditional gamelan would allow. It includes a Javanese rebab part (a bowed string instrument common to North Africa and the Middle East as well) by Lopato's teacher I.M. Harjito.
The second disc is labelled "New York." It reverses the stylistic influences of the first disc, with jazz compositions that have international influences rather than the other way around. The instrumentation is a jazz quintet (mostly consistent from track to track). "Bepoppin' With Bella" has a Balinese introduction, but goes into swing time for the body of the piece, with solos from Lucas Pino's clarinet, the leader's piano, Bill Ware's vibraphone, and Ratzo Harris' bass. "Jakshi" has a Middle Eastern rhythm (courtesy of John Hadfield's percussion), with a South Indian melody. Solos from clarinet, bass and pianothese pieces have a much more jazz approach than the ones on the first disc, with more space for improvisers. "Suite 911" was written in response to the World Trade Center attacksLopato and his family live less than a mile away. The approach is much more compositional than the previous tracks on this disc. "Ambush and Aftermath" has an ominous, skittering introduction, followed by a relentless ostinato, and concluding with a contemplative drum solo. "Peace March" is an actual march. Reflective and hopeful, it makes its point with a repeated theme (with variations).
Lopato is an impressive pianist as an improvising soloist. But he really makes his mark as a composer. Rarely has a project combined Asian and Western music this successfully. Gendhing For a Spirit Rising makes the combination sound completely natural.
Disc 1 : Gendhing For a Spirit Rising - Ladrang; This Life; Jalan Jiwa; Gendhing.
Disc 2: Beboppin' With Bella; Jakshi; Suite 911 - Ambush and Aftermath; Peace March.
David Lopato : piano, keyboards, Embertone Friedlander virtual violin, marimba, vibraphone, glockenspiel, gongs, Sundanese hand drums, hand claps; Marty Ehrlich : alto and soprano sax; Mark Feldman: violin; Lucas Pino: clarinet, soprano sax; Bill Ware: vibraphone; William Moersch: vibraphone, marimba; I.M. Harjito: Javanese rebab; Erik Friedlander: cello; Ratzo Harris: string bass; Tom Rainey: trap set; Michael Sarin: trap set; Anne Stebinger; Javanese hand drums; Marc Perlman: Javanese hand drums; John Hadfield: percussion.