Chicago Jazz Roots (1922 - 1929)

Russell Perry By

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In the last hour we listened to the music of the first great jazz composer, Jelly Roll Morton, and Sidney Bechet, the only soloist in early jazz to seriously challenge Louis Armstrong.

In addition to Joe "King" Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton and Louis Armstrong, the Chicago scene bristled with black and white bands, initially dominated by more New Orleans musicians, but in time a home-grown group of Chicago players emerged. In this hour, we'll return to the Chicago of King Oliver.

As the 1920s progressed, the Chicago music scene attracted such early jazz luminaries as Louisiana born clarinetists Jimmie Noone, Johnny Dodds and Leon Roppolo, Earl Hines from Pittsburgh, pianist Lovie Austin from Chattanooga, and Georgia-born trumpeter Jabbo Smith.

We will also explore the scant recorded legacy of Freddie Keppard, who reigned in New Orleans as Cornet King after Buddy Bolden, until he got unseated by Joe "King" Oliver.


  • Host Intro 0:00
  • Friars Society Orchestra "Panama" from New Orleans Rhythm Kings 1922-1925 (Retrieval) 2:57
  • New Orleans Rhythm Kings "Wolverine Blues" from New Orleans Rhythm Kings 1922-1925 (Retrieval) 5:29
  • New Orleans Rhythm Kings "Mr. Jelly Lord" from New Orleans Rhythm Kings 1922-1925 (Retrieval) 8:25
  • Host speaks 11:23
  • Jimmie Noone's Apex Club Orchestra "Four or Five Times" from The Smithsonian Collection of Classic Jazz (Smithsonian) 13:10
  • Jimmie Noone's Apex Club Orchestra "Sweet Lorraine" from Jimmy Noone: 1928 -1929 (Classics) 16:25
  • Host speaks 19:39
  • Earl Hines "Blues In Thirds" from Jazz Piano: A Smithsonian Collection (Smithsonian) 23:20
  • Earl Hines "Fifty-Seven Varieties" from Jazz Piano: A Smithsonian Collection (Smithsonian) 26:07
  • Earl Hines "I Ain't Got Nobody" from Jazz Piano: A Smithsonian Collection (Smithsonian) 29:17
  • Host speaks 32:26
  • Lovie Austin and her Blues Serenaders "Traveling Blues" from Lovie Austin: 1924-1926 (Classics) 34:31
  • Lovie Austin's Serenaders "Frog Tongue Stomp" from Lovie Austin: 1924-1926 (Classics) 37:09
  • Host speaks 39:43
  • Freddie Keppard's Jazz Cardinals "Salty Dog" from Freddie Keppard, 1923-1926 (Classics) 42:29
  • Freddie Keppard's Jazz Cardinals "Stock Yards Strut" from Johnny Dodds: 1926 (Classics) 45:10
  • Jasper Taylor and his State Street Boys "Stomp Time Blues" from Classic Jazz: Vol. 030, Johnny Dodds—Group Recordings (1926-27) (Encyclopedia of Jazz) 47:00
  • Host speaks 50:11
  • Jabbo Smith and his Rhythm Aces "A Jazz Battle" from Jabbo Smith 1929 -1938 (Classics) 51:28
  • Jabbo Smith and his Rhythm Aces "Take Me To The River" from Jabbo Smith 1929 -1938 (Classics) 54:07
  • Host Outro 56:59

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