Haters can hate, but that molten decade sprung between the mid-Sixties and mid-Seventies was a smorgasbord of innovation and adventure in music. While the heady spirit of freedomand hyper-stimuli of psychedelicsdidn't exactly wreak genius upon the average human mind (whose imaginative reach crested at tie-dye shirts, living in tepees, and emancipating body hair), original artists went and dove over the edges of all kinds of edges. Music, for one, would never be the same; nor, perhaps, ever as rampantly inspired. Most of us know what cliffs and rainbows were scaled in the woodlands of rock music, but Jazz was turning into something of a chameleonic panther-hunting in stark, steaming forests slivered with stars and explosions of light. As per usual, it was Miles who'd taken the brazen first steps into electric instrumentation (a big taboo at the time). After that, the floodgates cracked open. Leading the subsequent Fusion campaigns were rhythmic polymath Tony Williams
' Lifetime, John McLaughlin
's solar flare Mahavishnu Orchestra
, Chick Corea
's Return to Forever
and Hancock's uber-funky Headhunters. The latter was the only one to eschew the electric guitar; that then seemingly crucial part of the electric equation.
By the late Sixties Herbie Hancock
was already a legend in the Jazz world. At the age of 23 Hancock had joined Miles Davis' new band, which history would dub Davis' Second Great Quintet. Davis was looking to freshen up his sound again, and in 1963 launched said new band featuring young up-and-comers Ron Carter
on bass, 17-yr old Tony Williams on drums, and Hancock on keys. This rhythm section went on to reach unheard-of sophistication and originality, helping shape the Post-Bop movement. During his period in the quintet Hancock also released solo albums Empyrean Islands
and Maiden Voyage,
two of the most popular Jazz albums of that decade.
Fired from the quintet in '68, "for returning late from his honeymoon" (a rather unsympathetic ground for dismissal, although typical of the often icy Davis), Hancock started focusing on his own music, which would increasingly incorporate mainstream elements into his otherwise challenging compositions. Following the peak of his experimental thrust, with the three commercially disappointing 'Mwandishi' albums, Hancock decided to ground his then-stratospheric explorations, rooting them in the earthy foundation of Funk. It was a brilliant move.
The result, in 1973, was Headhunters,
a hip-swanging, finger-snapping jazz funk outing, which crossed over into the mainstream Billboard charts. This was followed by Thrust,
which, across its four monstrously tight yet galaxy-traversing tracks, seemed to perfectly meld the alchemic reaches of Jazz sophistry with the dizzying musks of Funk.
Like Darth Vader.
The best of funk has a lot in common with the best of cheese (well, for those brave of palate; the others can stick to Fourplay and cheddar)they contain layers of intrigue, and something almost a little bit off. It's got Whiff.
was embraced by the hip mainstream for its melodic, even rhythmic accessibility, Thrust
ventured deeper into the vines and stars.
In the CD-reissue's liner notes, drummer Mike Clark
(who created that impossibly groove-infested drumbeat for album opener "Palm Grease" and burns throughout) recalls being invited to join one of Fusion's most exciting and rhythmically daunting groups, and waxes appropriately lyrical. He speaks of "the zone" and meditation, of telepathy with bassist Paul Jackson. He speaks of "'higher levels," and at one point describes Hancock striding into rehearsal with a long black overcoat, looking "like Darth Vader," before swishing down to sit behind the keyboards and letting 'em rip.
The four tracks on Thrust
are blistering sonic events. Even the relative ballad, the gorgeous dream "Butterfly," crackles with energy. As beautiful and cool as the melodies weaving from Hancock's hands and flautist Bennie Maupin
's mouth are, it is the rhythms (inter-clasped / sidestepping / inventing beats like some kind of flexible, temporal Rubik's cube) that both root the album and let it flourish into space. Thrust contains some of Hancock's most masterful electric explorations, he obviously relishes in the scope of his new instruments, including wah-wah clavinet, and Paul Jackson is somehow beyond en pointe, occasionally playing barely perceptibly just ahead or behind Clark's beats, creating alternatingly a phatter or more forward-leaning groove, amazing. Highest level stuff. This article was first published in Muse magazine.