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Where else but at the Festival International Musique Actuelle Victoraville (FIMAV) could you see a cutting edge artist in more than one context, sometimes on the same day? At the 2005 edition of FIMAV, reedman/composer Anthony Braxton could be found improvising with guitarist Fred Frith, sitting in with noise improv group Wolf Eyes and debuting a new extended compositional work with his own sextet.
Absent from the 2006 edition, Braxton was back for the 2007 festival with two performances in one day that demonstrated his unparalleled compositional approach, improvisational exploration, astute choices in band mates and a relatively new integration of electronics.
- Anthony Braxton Diamond Curtain Wall Trio
- Anthony Braxton 12(+1)tet
- Fond of Tigers
Anthony Braxton Diamond Curtain Wall Trio
Featuring trumpeter Taylor Ho Bynum and guitarist Mary Halvorson, this smaller ensemble and particular orchestrationperforming in Canada for the first timewas notable for a number of reasons. First, while Braxton had his alto and sopranino saxophones, he also had his baritone, bass and rarely seen contrabass horns. The contrabass sax is so oversized that it dwarfed the other horns, making the normally daunting baritone look like a toy. The only thing more remarkable than the sight of the large horn in play is the thought of the amount of air required to produce sound from it. Throughout the 75-minute extended composition, Braxton could be seen wheeling the three low-end saxophonesall on mobile standsto and from the microphone.
Bynum, who has been playing with Braxton for just over a decade, has emerged as a dominant voice on the composed/improvised scene with projects including his SpiderMonkey Strings and sextet. Playing a vast array of horns with an equally prodigious number of mutes and other devices to color the tone of those instruments (not to mention extraordinary playing techniques rivaling those of Braxton himself in their sonic breadth), the textural potential of the combined sounds of himself and Braxton seemed limitless.
Halvorson, like many young artists who find their way into the leader's ensembles, studied with Braxton quite recently, first appearing with him in 2006. She's also a member of Bynum's sextet, so the three musicians are familiar with each other and interact on a number of levels. Her large hollow-body guitar is capable of warmth, an aggressive distorted edge, pitch bends and an acoustic texture that blends with her amplified sound in this smaller context (where she's more easily heard). Like Bynum and Braxton, her technique is always in the service of the music, with a capacity to execute broadly intervallic lines and manage hand- stretching chords that would challenge many more highly-acclaimed guitarists.
What differentiates Braxton's Diamond Curtain Wall Trio from other numerous small ensembles he's led over the years is the de facto fourth member of the groupa notebook computer running SuperCollider software that allows him to generate sounds ranging from harshly dense to delicately chime-like and ethereal. The percussive attack of many of Braxton's electronic textures and the wash-like nature of their broad, three- dimensional sound-field are, no doubt, what inspired the name for the trio.
With this smaller ensemble, while there's a rigorous form that underscores all of the music, there's an inherently less-complex way for the trio to navigate Braxton's abstract writing. There's also greater opportunity for open-ended improvisation and clearer delineation of the individual playerseach of whom, at various times during the piece, provided solo segues between ensemble sections while the others changed instruments. Halvorson, most notably, used a combination of intervallic phrases, jagged Derek Bailey-like chords and brief repeated fragments to maintain momentum while Braxton wheeled in and out his various low-end horns.
The intimate interaction between Braxton, Bynum and Halvorson made for a demanding yet engrossing performance during which movement through the long form-structure seemed more intuitive and considerably less visibly cue-driven than with the reedman's larger ensembles. And with the addition of electronic colors, the music demonstrated a different kind of density. Braxton's writing hardly fits the definition "jazz" by narrow, or even broad, criteria; it's more "new music" that provides its players considerable freedom in making choices that go beyond soloing. As expected, Braxton's Diamond Curtain Wall Trio was another highlight of FIMAV, and it set expectations for his 12(+1)tet performance to follow.
Anthony Braxton 12(+1)tet
The well-attended performance by Braxton's 12(+1)tet, coming so close on the heels of his Diamond Curtain Wall Trio, demonstrated the difference between writing for large and small ensembles. While the music for the Diamond Curtain Wall Trio had its own compositional rigors, the more expansive textural palette of the 12(+1)tet meant that the methodology of navigating Braxton's 70-minute compositionwhich used, in addition to standard graphical musical notation, colors providing directions to the playersrequired greater internal guidance and cueing.
One aspect of Braxton's larger-ensemble compositions is howwithin a collective that includes flutes, reed, violin/viola, electric and acoustic bass, drums, vibes, bassoon, trumpet and tubaa significant potential exists for breaking down the ensemble into various smaller subsets that choose their own parts while other instrumental cells are making their own choices. While considerably more complex, it's conceptually not unlike pieces like minimalist composer Terry Riley's groundbreaking and seminal In C, during which the individual musicians are called upon to choose how to work their way through the composer's 52 musical fragments, thereby making every performance a new experience.
Anthony Braxton 12(+1)tet
Braxton's piece, of course, contained far more information and potential for contrapuntal and harmonic interaction. Watching various members team up (including Bynum and Halvorson from the Diamond Curtain Wall Trio)tuba with bassoon, trumpet with violin, flute with vibes, for exampleas well as Braxton's occasional cueing of the entire ensemble revealed a level of trust that every member had with the rest of the group, each confident in whoever happened to be making the current choice.
Various methods were used to cue the grouphand signals, visually mouthing the number of the intended segment across the stage (and, at least on one occasion, a humorous situation when one player called for another to pull a specific chart which couldn't be found), Braxton and Bynum holding up whiteboards to signal changes to larger groupings, and other, more subtle means.
The piece wove its way through gorgeous close harmonies reminiscent, at times, of GyÃrgy Ligeti's microtonal beauty, abstruse clusters of what appeared to be free improvisation (especially at the start of the piece) and contrapuntal segments when the individual parts seemed, on the surface, to bear little relationship but ultimately proved to make completely logical sense. The underlying structurewhile defined, for the most part, by the collective and, occasionally, by Braxtonshifted throughout the duration yet had a flow that went beyond simple form, using instead the model of long-form classical composition to yield a considerably larger (and, ultimately, more satisfying) structural arc.
One of the most compelling aspects of the performance was that, despite the obvious challenge of the composition, Braxton's (12+1)tet was having a lot of fun. It's hard to imagine that a piece of such difficulty and demanding such deep concentration and focus could engender smiles and laughs amongst the band members throughout. The same way that Braxton, in conversation, is animated, exuberant and excited (belying the notion that a musical thinker of his commitment and singleminded focus would be serious and aloof), it's clear that the cerebral and apparently serious nature of his work can inspire serendipitous joy and, along with the sense of perpetual discovery, an almost mischievous playfulness.
It should be no surprise that Braxton's (12+1)tet performance was another festival highlight, made all the more so because of the clear camaraderie and sense of adventure shared by everyone in this innovative exploratory ensemble.
Fond of Tigers
A hallmark of FIMAV is its interest in groups that defy categorization and cross-pollinate styles so heavily as to frustrate any attempts at labeling. Vancouver's Fond of Tigers incorporated a wide spectrum of influencesthe irregular-metered complexity of progressive rock, the minimalist interlacing of melodic fragments, occasional ambience, a non-soloing collective approach to improvisation...and a hardcore energy and volume level that made for an intensely visceral experience.
Spearheaded by guitarist Stephen Lyons, it's a true collective that's heavy on drive with drummers Skye Brooks and Dan Gaucher (who's also a member of the more traditionally jazz-centric October Trio) and bassist Shanto Bhattacharya. Colors are provided by keyboardist Morgan McDonald and trumpeter JP Carter whoalong with violinist Jesse Zubot, who heads Drip Audio (the label that's released Fond of Tigers' 2006 debut, A Thing to Live With and his own 2006 solo disc, Dementia), comprises half of the rootsy Zubot & Dawson duo, and boasts playing credits with everyone from Kelly Joe Phelps to Joe Fonda add significant processing to the mix.
Fond of Tigers: Jesse Zubot, Stephen Lyons, Skye Brooks, Dan Gaucher, Shanto Bhattacharya, Morgan McDonald, JP Carter
The group took no time to establish its take-no-prisoners approach with pounding drums and sonic anarchy: chaos with a pulse. Traditional song form was nowhere to be found; instead the group developed lengthy pieces that blended multi-layered, repeated interlocking patterns with propulsive rhythm and powerful accents. Think Rock-in-Opposition meets Steve Reich. Swiss composer Nik Bärtsch's Stoa (ECM, 2006) may be trance-inducing "Ritual Groove Music," with improvisation so subsumed that it's nearly unrecognizable. Fond of Tigers is more electric and energized, with Carter deriving a surprising wealth of sound from a digital delay, distortion pedal and assorted techniques that make his instrument often sound like anything but a trumpet.
Brooks and Gaucher, much like Coady Willis and Dale Crover of the Melvins, worked hand-in-glove at times with perfect synchronization; but elsewhere Brooks laid down a strong and consistent groove while Gaucher provided cross-rhythms and improvisational responses. Lyons is almost an anti-guitarist, taking only one somewhat delineated solo that was spare yet jagged. The rest of the time he defined many of the shifting bar rhythms that created a high volume but hypnotic foundation for the frequently harsh, processed sounds from Zubot, Carter and McDonald.
While a certain anarchy underscored the pulses defined by Lyons, Bhattacharya, the drummers and, on occasion, Zubot, there was at least one point where an unmistakable but simple melody emerged, becoming dramatically anthemic as the group took it from gentle to ear-shattering.
With a new EP soon to be released and a new full-length album also in the works, Fond of Tigers' experimental rock edge blends its assorted roots into a distinctive sound that may not be for the faint-at- heart. But for adventurous musical spirits who subscribe to the ever-growing view that music needn't be defined by clear boundaries, it's a group with significant promise.
Visit Anthony Braxton, Fond of Tigers and FIMAV on the web.
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