Saxophonist Joshua Redman's Back East is a multi-tiered concept album that simultaneously fêtes a personSonny Rollins; a placethe Eastand a thingthe number three, while documenting the leader's continuing development as a saxophonist, composer and arranger. The date celebrates Rollins' classic Way Out West (OJC, 1957) somewhat ironically with its title and several songs associated with the tenor titan, while also paying tribute to the hemisphere with a series of compositions that commemorate nonwestern locales. The music therein is performed by three distinctive piano-less trios, which are augmented by three different guest saxophonists on three separate tracks.
The trio sans piano can be a challenging environment for any saxophonist, the absence of a harmonic underpinning creating a need to be more inventive melodically and rhythmically. Redman rises to the occasion mightily, using variations in time, tempo, tone and timbre to impart much variety within the program and often inside a single piece. Ably assisted by the three extremely capable bass and drum teams of Larry Grenadier and Ali Jackson, Christian McBride and Brian Blade and Reuben Rogers and Eric Harland, the leader shows himself to be an engaging melodist and motific improviser in the tradition of Rollins, particularly on the three songs associated with the saxophone colossus"Surrey With The Fringe On Top," "I'm An Old Cowhand and "Wagon Wheels," as well as a Rollins-leaning "East Of The Sun among the 'eastern-oriented' tracks.
Redman displays his own increasingly personal voicealong with his impressive compositional skillsto great effect on his originals, particularly the title track, a lyrical "Zarafah and the meditative "Mantra #5 (on which he splits soprano duties with Chris Cheek). His abilities as an arranger come to the fore on a pair of two tenor tour de forces: Wayne Shorter's "Indian Song sharing the front line with Joe Lovanoand Coltrane's "India," where he teams up with his father, Dewey, in what may be the master saxman's final studio outing. The leader bows out for the date's finale, "GJ," an original by the elder Redman on which the late saxophonist plays alto (the instrument he was often heard on in his Village Vanguard performances, when his young son would sit in on tenor), serving as a haunting epilogue to a stirring record.
Track Listing: The Surrey With the Fringe on Top; East of the Sun (and West of the Moon); Zarafah; Indian Song; I
Personnel: Joshua Redman: tenor saxophone (1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10); soprano saxophone (3, 6, 8); Larry Grenadier: bass (1, 2, 8-11); Ali Jackson: drums (1, 2, 8-11); Christian McBride: bass (3, 4); Brian Blade: drums (3, 4); Reuben Rogers: bass (5-7); Eric Harland: drums (5-7); Joe Lovano: tenor saxophone (4); Chris Cheek: soprano saxophone (8); Dewey Redman: tenor saxophone (10), alto saxophone (11).
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