French composer Erik Satie (18661925), a contemporary of Claude Debussy, was often scorned and, had it not been for his friend, Debussy would have been largely ignored as well by his generation. Debussy not only supported Satie, but championed his work as well, and saw to it that some very forward thinking pieces, such as the "Gymnopedie," were publically performed, too. Satie experimented with dissonance and, more importantly, he often used avant-garde harmonic changes in his pieces as well. In "Gymnopedie # 1," for instance, consists of an alternating progression of two major seventh chords; the first on the sub-dominant G, and the second on the tonic D. This kind of harmony was largely unknown at the time of the late 19th Century, when they were composed. The melodies of the "Gymnopedies" were also unique. Each used a deliberate dissonance against the harmony, producing a kind of piquant melancholy effect.
Perhaps it is this, as well as the fact that the music is soothing, yet strangely exciting, that first attract modern musicians and composers such as Dan Willis. Willis was driven to explore Satie further and in depth, resulting in The Satie Project. The album is brimful of remarkable music, played with restraint and, often, high emotion by the ingenious multi-reed player, and a medium-sized ensemble comprising some of the finest musicians on the New York Scene. It must have been a challenging project to undertake, as all of Satie's music interpreted here was essentially composed for the piano. Willis has reinterpreted it for a considerably expanded group that includes trumpet, flugelhorn, trombones, B3 organ and accordionand, of course, his generous assortment of reeds.
The moods vary, from the gentle and sweet on "I Idylle," to the slow, dolorous and grave, as on the three "Gymnopedie." Willis and his group play the music as Satie intended, largely following the composer's instructions. However, the transposition from piano to woodwinds, brass, strings and percussion is a vast, musically philosophical leap; one that Willis and his Velvet Gentlemen group have made with daring and majesty.
Willis seems to have grown right into the emotion of each piece, enabling him to determine just which reed instrument, from the bevy he brought to the recording, fits which mesmerizing part of the music. On the glassy music of the "Gnossiennes," for instance, Willis dallies often on single reeds like a soprano saxophone, melded in with double reeds including oboe or the Armenian duduk. The burnished glow of the "Gymnopedies" and "Nocturnes" come from risqué flushing of the sound canvas with the growling burble of the B3 organ and the squeezing, shrill whirling of the accordion, with accents from Willis and violinist Antoine Silverman.
The term "complete album" is often rather loosely used, but The Satie Project is one occasion where it is wholly appropriate, as the music passes from one tone poetthe beguiling Satieto another, the incomparable reeds maestro, Dan Willis.
Second Gymnopedie; Nocturne # 2; I Idylle; Nocturne # 3; Third Gymnopedie; First Gnossienne; Nocturne # 4; First Gymnopedie; III Meditation; Nocturne # 1; II Aubade; Second Gnossienne; Nocturne # 6; Nocturne # 5; Olga Polka.
Dan Willis: tenor saxophone; soprano saxophone; oboe; English horn; Flute; piccolo, clarinet, bass clarinet, duduk; Chuck McKinnon: trumpet, flugelhorn, electronic pedals; Pete McCann, electric guitar, acoustic guitar; Ron Oswanski: B3 organ, accordion; Kermit Driscoll: electric bass, double-bass; John Hollenbeck: drums, percussion; Jonathan Owens: trumpet; Tim Sessions: tenor trombone, bass trombone; Richard Sosinsky: double-bass (2); Antoine Silverman: violin.
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