Jaco Pastorius JACO (The Film)
With author Bill Milkowksi's extraordinarily detailed and honest accounting of Pastorius' life in his biographyfirst published in 1996 but reissued nearly a decade later as Jaco: The Extraordinary and Tragic Life of Jaco Pastorius: Deluxe Edition
(Backbeat Books, 2005), with a hundred pages of additional footage garnered when those close to the late bassist were, with the passage of time, ready and willing to talk more openly about the complexities of Pastorius' life...and deathit seemed that the final words had been written on the subject. Still, a film about Pastorius seemed inevitable at some point, and while it's a subject about which there could be considerable trepidation, there's very good news to report: JACO
not only captures the full spirit of Pastorius, but tells the bassist's story with complete and utter honesty.
It would have been all too easy to sugarcoat Pastorius' life, and focus on the good while minimizing the bad. Still, from the film's opening segment after the credit roll (with voice-over interview clips with everyone from Joe Zawinul and Herbie Hancock to Joni Mitchell setting the stage for what's to come), a video interview with Pastorius from the September 19, 1985 interview with Jerry Jemmott
(originally published as the 1985 bass instructional video, Modern Electric Bass
) finds the Aretha Franklin
and B.B. King
bassist extolling Pastorius' many musical virtues. Asking the bassistwho looks unhealthy and emotionally depressedhow he felt about his importance, his influence, and how he had changed the way people looked at his instrument. Pastorius looks steeped in thought for a very brief moment before cracking a smile and saying "Gimme a gig, you know?"
That this was the truth was both the tragedy of where Pastorius' life had ultimately gonea later interview with Jemmott follows immediately, where the bassist says, "Ironically, at that particular point, he couldn't
get a gig." As the footage returns to a close-up of Pastorius, clearly in pain both physical and spiritual, Jemmott continues: "It was all over him; you could see it, that he was a man who had trouble. But getting it out was very important, even in the shape that he was in."
A fast edit to Pastorius, from the same interview session, playing "America the Beautiful," leads to Jemmott's continued commentary: It wasn't just notes; it had feeling, it had meaning to it and it had character. You can't really teach that. It's something he learned
how to playwhat was in his heart."
With an opening like that, it's clear that JACO
is a film that intends to glorify Pastorius for his many achievementsas another quick edit jumps six months prior to a live performance in Japan, where Pastorius is clearly a hero to the huge and enthusiastic audiencebut is also a documentary set on telling the truth about the almost meteoric rise and tragic fall of one of music's greatest artists of the latter quarter of the 20th century...not just jazz but, influencing everyone from The Police's Sting and Red Hot Chilli Peppers' Flea to Rush's Geddy Lee and Metallica's Robert Trujillo. From the moment that he introduced himself to Joe Zawinul, after a Weather Report show in 1975 with, "My name is John Francis Pastorius the third; I'm the greatest bassist in the world"to which Zawinul replied "Get the fuck outta here," until he actually heard him playPastorius' life was about to change...although, in truth, it already had.
Pastorius met Bobby Colomby, the drummer for Blood, Sweat & Tears, when the band was doing a Florida residency in 1974. Introduced to him by Pastorus' then-wife, Tracywho, after being asked by Colomby if she was married, said "Yes, I'm married...to the greatest bassist in the world"when Colomby first met Pastorius he said, "Oh, I understand you're the greatest bassist in the world," to which the bassist replied, "I am." Colomby recounts, "Then, of course, the arrogant New York side of me came out and I said, 'Well, why don't you get your bass to play a little bit?' He played 'Donna Lee,' this Charlie Parker song, as a solo. He played it with the facility and phrasing and nuance of a saxophonist."
The next thing he knew, Pastorius was in New York, recording his first album for Epic Records. But whereas many people offered a major deal with a major label would forget about the people they'd played with back home, as Colomby continues, "He wanted to keep them involved as much as possible," bringing steel pan player Othello Molineaux, drummer Bobby Economou and percussionist Don Alias into the picture. In the case of Alias and Molineaux, they were relationships that would continue well into the 1980s, with the bassist's various-sized Word of Mouth band.
Meanwhile, returning to Florida after the recording of Jaco Pastorius
, the bassist had his fateful meeting with Zawinul, who was in the midst of recording Black Market
with Weather Report. After they met, Zawinul invited Pastorius back to his hotel room. The group's bassist at the time, Alphonso Johnson
, picks up the story. "That evening, after we finished playing, I could hear music coming out of a room at the hotel, and I stopped and it's Joe's room. I peep in and I couldn't see Jaco, I could just see his back, but I could hear this recording and I though 'Wow, who's that?!' So Joe says, 'C'mon, c'mon, I want you to meet this guy, he's a bad motherfucker.' So he introduced me to Jaco, and I listened to the record. It was incredible. I started putting two and two together: here's this phenomenal bassist that Joe's interested in; what are my chances of being around much longer? So I just went for the other gig [with the George Duke/Billy Cobham Band] and it was perfect."
The entire film tells its story without the use of a narrator; instead, it's told through interviews with Pastorius, his family and many of the artists he would encounter or influence in his life, as well as his music. Found footage of Pastorius playing bass in Las Olas Brass in 1966 at the age of 15 is juxtaposed with music by his father, singer Jack Pastorius (in the Frank Sinatra
mould), along with the bassist's own recounting of his early years: "I grew up in Florida, where there was no real musical prejudice. There was all sorts of music, everything from Cuban music to symphonic music...everything. Whatever you wanted to hear you could hear. And everything's hip. I really wasn't influenced that much by bass players; to tell the truth I didn't know who the bass players were most of the time. The main thing was just the music itself, whatever was hip then, that was what I was checking out, mostly off 45s."
By the time he was in his mid-teens, after starting out on a drum kit he bought with money made on a newspaper route, he'd switched to bass and, while he was clearly motivated as a musician, he described his own life: "I had no ambition whatsoever, in life, at all, except to play tonight. I'm gonna go play tonight over at this club."
In some ways, Pastorius' hard work and good fortune at being at the right place at the right time (while undeniably taking full advantage of those moments) could only have happened at that time. After all, what bassist could become a superstar almost overnight in today's musical landscape? As Herbie Hancock describes over the opening credits, "In the '70s it was a war cry to be different. Musicians owned
the music business."
The film includes a bevy of interview clips with everyone from Bob Bobbing (who may be singularly responsible for keeping the Pastorius flames fanned in the decades after his death), Wayne Shorter, Carlos Santana
, Al Di Meola
and Herbie Hancock to fellow Weather Reporters Robert Thomas, Jr. and Peter Erskinethe latter who, remaining with Pastorius in his post-Weather Report Word of Mouth bands, sheds, perhaps, the most realistic and painful light on Pastorius' life in the 1980s, as the bipolar condition that had given him so much energy and drive in the early part of his career began to spiral downwards into a cycle of mixed moods and substance abuse...even as he does so with impeccable grace and the utmost respect and love.
Largely chronological, JACO
descends into tragedy in its latter third, but not until plenty of live footage with Weather Report, Joni Mitchell and Pastorius' own groups demonstrate the remarkable genius of his work as both a performer and a writer.
But it was the recording of his second album, 1981's Word of Mouth
, that seemed to be both an artistic high and critical crossroad in Pastorius' life. It's a revelation to learn, during the recording of the chaotic, anarchistic "Crisis," that he told (uncredited) co-producer Peter Yianilos that "we're not gonna let anybody hear anyone else's parts. Whatever happens, let's see if it fits." As Yianilos recalls, "it had a life of its own; it grew powerfully."
A fitting description of a track that, opening Word of Mouth
, was as far from radio-friendly and accessible as any album opener could be...and, given the interview clips with Warner Brothers Music's Ricky Schultz, a dangerous move.Schultz says: "It was apparent to some of us that this was a guy who was really something special and, in addition to being something special, had the potential really to break through and cross over. We set out on a quest to get Jaco to come to Warner Brothers. It was a star-level deal, make no mistake about it, and, because the record business is a business, expectations tend to follow the deal. You sign an act for $75,000 your expectations are at one level; if you sign an act for four times that...
"It's very rare that any record has a piece like this on it,"Schultz continues. "Pablo Picasso, 'Guernica,' Jaco Pastorius, 'Crisis.' They are of the same cloth. He wanted to open the record with this. I mean, there are a lot of people at the company that, if they heard this track, they'd just pull their hair out and say, 'Wait a minute, we can't use this, it's crazy, it's cacophony, it's atonal, nobody can follow it, it's scary...' I'm shaking right now as I'm thinking about it. I was kinda scared about the idea of it opening the record."
Peter Erskine picks up the story: "They pleaded with him; they said: 'Any other tune but that. We can't get this album onto radio if it's the first track." And Yianilos concludes with: "I think it made him very happy to think of this going on a record. I would say he was venting, venting a little bit of personal frustration, and then he realized this is the only way to start a record like this. It's to make people wonder: 'What's coming?' And then what comes is so
If Jaco Pastorius
announced the arrival of a world-changing talent, Word of Mouth
was a more deeply personal album that reflected the almost impossible musical maturation which Pastorius had undergone in the space of just a few short years. As Bill Milkowski describes it, "The Word of Mouth
album was so revealing of Jaco as a person, it was almost embarrassing to listen to, it was so intimate at times. It was the most courageous thing he's ever done, the most daring thing he's done; it's Jaco's internal thing, the real truth of who he is."
Pastorius was, by the time of Word of Mouth
's release, a staggeringly creative artist who was, however, already beginning to show signs of the unpredictability that gradually began seeping into his music and his performances. But it also reflected someone who, despite divorcing his first wife and remarrying Ingrid Pastorius, could be a simple family man, as happy swimming with his kids or throwing a frisbee on a beach as he was on a concert stage in front of thousands of people.
Still, despite the artistic success of Word of Mouth
, its daring 44 minutes of music was not something most record label folks, looking for an accessible fusion record, could get behind. Yianilos recalls, "The label had never quite really acknowledged the masterwork that it was, and it hurt Jaco deeply...to tears. It really hurt him. I remember Jaco really needing Joe [Zawinul]'s approval and we would call him on the phone and play the tape with the phone held up, all the time. And it was often the end of the day' session, because Joe would be cruelly dismissive. I kind of wanted to say to Jaco, 'Let's not call Joe today.'"
Erskine, again, picks up the story: "Joe had a fighter's instinct, a boxer's instinct. He had a 'Miles' instinctthat if there was a glass chin or a soft spot in the belly, he knew how to find it pretty quick.The final tour began with Joe listening to the Word of Mouth
album. He [Pastorius] wanted to wait for the perfect moment to play the music for Joe and he thought after lunch flying to Tokyo would be the perfect moment. Joe takes off the headphones and I hear him say, 'That sounds like some typical high school big band bullshit.' That's what Joe said about 'Liberty City.' And I couldn't believe it."
Milkowski continues, "That was Joe's way of slapping down the son who was threatening his reign, in a sense. That fucking music was on the highest level. 'John and Mary'? Joe would love
to write something like that. I think that was the point of fear, by Joe, feeling like the son had taken over."
In some ways, Word of Mouth
could be seen as Pastorius' crowning glory...and the beginning of the end. Zawinul was already unhappy with the bassist's onstage showmanship, feeling that it increasingly detracted from the music. After the one-star Downbeat
drubbing of Weather Report's Mr. Gone
(Columbia, 1978), followed by the better-received live/studio combo double album 8:30
(Columbia, 1979), Weather Report rebounded even more with the less radio-friendly, more traditional (i.e. swinging, at least in parts) and absolutely superb Night Passage
, which premiered Pastorius' "Three Views of a Secret" before it appeared on Word of Mouth
. Zawinul was, however, exerting more and more control over the music, with the lineup's final record, 1982's Weather Report
, almost completely dominated by his writing...writing that left little room for improvisation and, instead, was increasingly through composed.
By the time Pastorius, Erskine and Thomas left Weather Report in 1981, before their final album together was released, the strain of Zawinul's dismissal of Pastorius' work, and the lack of label support for Word of Mouth
may not have been provable precipitating factors in Pastorius' increasingly downward spiral, but there's little doubt that stress exacerbates the symptoms of those who suffer from bipolar disorder; add the gasoline-on-fire of substance abuse and Pastorius' ultimate declinewhich included being institutionalized for a period of time but, it seemed, too little too lateand where his life finally went was almost inevitable. Still, that he was beaten by a club bouncer who ultimately pled out on manslaughter rather the second- degree murder charge that was more appropriate, only made Pastorius' decline and death all the more tragic. While the film doesn't shy away from the tragedy, to its credit neither does it overdramatize it.
And, as a film celebrating the life and music of Pastorius should, it ends on a positive note. After all, this is a bassist who went beyond the jazz world to influence so many bassists including Metallica's Robert Trujillowho, along with Bob Bobbing, son John Pastorius IV and a host of others, was responsible for making this film a reality. "There's nothing else like it," says Flea, who gets the last word in the film proper. "Am I missing anyone? Am I missing something close to it on the bass? Not to me, man."
The DVD release of JACO
comes with a second disc that contains 100 minutes of additional outtakes, anecdotes, storiesand footage used in the Hollywood Bowl's Jaco's World
tribute show, earlier in 2015that didn't make the cut for the film, but all of which add to the film's compelling narrative.
Beyond the content, credit has to go to co-directors Mr. Paul Marchand (who also succeeded in the monumental effort of editing the documentary) and Stephen Kijak for building the story of Pastorius' life out of what seems to be hundreds of film clips, interviews and musical snippets. And to Robert Trujillo, for personally championing this film from inception to reality.
There simply has never been a bassista musicianlike Jaco Pastorius, and between Pastorius' pre-and posthumous discography, Bill Milkowski's superb biography, and now JACO
, which compresses his life story into a thoroughly captivating two-hours, it would appear that as much as anyone needs to appreciate Pastorius' complex, artistically rich but equally tragic life is finally out in the world