Every Saturday morning, when I was a little girl, my sisters and I went to the San Francisco Conservatory of Music for what we called "Saturday Classes": piano lessons, theory, music historyserious classical music training for serious little musicians. Saturday afternoons, when we got home, we had a ritual. We'd get out our "dress-up" from the vintage steamer trunk that housed a collection of my mother's 1960's party dresses and my grandmother's furs, go through my parents' record collectionThe Beatles
, Frank Sinatra
, Charles Aznavour, Nat "King" Cole
, Billie Holiday
and dance around the living room. The Billie Holiday records stopped me in my tracks. I was enthralled by "Lady Day," her dark eyes shaded by a white gardenia, her world-worn voice, and by what I knew even then to be the totally, startlingly distinctive qualities of mood and phrasing, line and color that she brought to even the simplest tune.
In my diary, the year I was eight, I made a careful list in perfect cursive of all my favorite things. My favorite song: Billie Holiday"I Cover the Waterfront
"; such a sad song, about watching and waiting for a love that's gone. That year was the last year of my father's long, slow dying. When he was gone, I spent foggy afternoons at the window, looking out over the San Francisco Bay, waiting for the sadness to lift. I pulled out the old records at night. I cover the waterfront,
Billie sang, I'm watching the sea, Will the one I love be coming back to me?
My father was born in Harlem, and grew up just steps from the legendary clubs where jazz blossomed in its golden age. The Apollo, Lenox Lounge, Minton'sclubs where Billie Holiday was singing during the years of his childhood. He loved jazz. In my earliest memories he is listening to records, the long length of him stretched out in the Eames chair in our living roomBillie Holiday, Ellington, Coltrane, the Modern Jazz Quartet, and Glenn Gould's Bach, which is its own kind of bebop too. In the end, he left us the memories and the records.
My sisters and I buried our loss in our music. My mother took us to Europe, where we lived in the great capitals and studied at the great conservatories with the legendary artists of a quickly vanishing generation. It was a very different life, surely, than the one my father had imagined for us. I studied Mozart and Beethoven, Brahms and Liszt, with teachers who could trace their own musical lineage only a few degrees of separation back to the source. American culture was something far away, accessed through overdubbed TV re-runs, the occasional jar of peanut butter from an army base commissary, and the cheap East Bloc bootleg jazz CDs we bought at open-air markets.
My sisters and I were growing up. I had my first love affairs, with Italian and French and Austrian boys. I spent one impossibly cold winter in Vienna practicing Schumann all day and listening to Billie Holiday records all night, missing a boy who was an ocean away. Schumann and Lady Day both knew a thing or two about heartache. I'll be looking at the moon, but I'll be seeing you
, she sang.
Ten years later, I moved back to the States and left my family across the ocean. I made my way, very alone, through the unknown landscape of the New York music world. Nothing I'd accomplished abroadthe competition wins, the concertsnone of it mattered. I was starting over, and it was hard. There were moments of despair and defeat. I practiced Ravel and Liszt all day in a windowless New York sublet, and listened to Billie Holiday records at night. Beautiful to take a chance,
I found new courage and took some chances, and had some astonishing lucka competition win, a Carnegie Hall debut recital, a recording contract.
I was hungry for American music, for a reconnection with what was, after all, home. I started listening to everything, obsessively: all the American pop music I'd missed in a decade abroad. I started playing music by Copland, and Roy Harris, Gershwin, Bernstein, Ellington. There was something about myself that I needed to find in a musical tradition "beyond category," as Ellington put ita musical sea made of waves of immigration and tides of change. The distinct sound of American music, from the concert halls to the clubs, spoke to me because it is everything we are, coming from so many different places and people.
On my bedside table I have two posed studio photographs from the 1930s. My two grandmothers: grandmother Fay, one of seven sisters born to Jewish immigrants from the town of Belz in the Ukraine, who grew up in Buffalo
, NY and then came out to San Francisco
when my mother settled there, who lived just a few blocks away from us when I was little, but whose story I wish I knew better. And my Jamaican grandmother Ivy, who moved as a young woman to Harlem, who died when my father was very small, and whose story is lost to family history and memory except for the equation of nose and cheekbones that I see whenever I look in the mirror.
My own story of race and roots is captured in these two faded portraits. Two beautiful women, looking out at me in the bloom of their youth and the stylized hairdos of their era, framed quite literally inside the parameters of a time in which any relationship between them would have been buried under layer upon layer of impossibilities and prejudices. Looking back into their eyes, I see proof of how much change has come in two short generations, how very recently their granddaughter's version of American life became possible.
My parents met at a sit-in in San Francisco in the mid '60s, and they dreamed for their three caramel-colored girls of a New World A-Comin,' a future color-blind America in which race, finally, wouldn't matter. But of course it did. From the beginning, I was well aware of the undercurrent of racial complexities and complexes that run through our culture. Being caramel-colored in America, no matter where or when, comes with a burden of confusions, assumptions and unresolved questions. Living abroad lifted that burden, but when I came back I felt it again. I cried a river of happy tears the night Barack Obama was elected president, so hopeful that maybe, in the shifting tides of a new century, we'd come closer to my parents' dream.
Some years ago, on a Sunday morning, I decided to go visit St Philip's Church in Harlem where my father was as an altar boy, carefully shepherded through his boyhood by the elders of the church and his godmother, Miss Mac, who raised him after his mother died. It was June, a sweltering day, and European tourists were lined up around the block at the famous gospel churches. But St Philip's is something differentan Episcopal church founded in 1809, one of America's oldest black churches. The sanctuary was grand and hushed. The ladies wore hats. The service was quiet and formal, with decorous hymns. It wasn't until the rector started his special sermon that I realized it was Father's Daynot a holiday I'm in the habit of celebrating. Feeling again the permanent loneliness of a fatherless child, I practiced Bach all that day, and listened to Billie Holiday records at night. In my solitude you haunt me
, she sang.
A musician is born and then made. Everything folds together: all the music you hear and study and practice and perform, all the lessons you're taught and the ones you learn on your own. From my first piano teacher to the professors and mentors in Paris and Vienna and New York, from listening to Bach and Brahms, Billie Holiday and Bruno Marsevery single one of my musical influences and experiences have come together to shape me into the musician I am today.
So when I decided, a few years ago, to try to pay tribute to Billie Holiday by recording a solo piano album of her songbook, I had to take a long, hard look at this lifetime I've lived with her music. I had to look back at the late nights when her voice has sung me out of sadness to sleep, back to those Saturday afternoons of my childhood, and ask myself what I had learned from her, as a musician and a woman.
She was one of the most innovative and distinctive musicians of any genre, ever. She was inspired by musicians, and loved making music. She was a brilliant, mesmerizing, self-destructive woman whose life swung from tragedy to triumph and back again. Her voice spoke volumes about hard living and heartache, and about improvising your way through it all. She took a song, any song, and made it immediately and forever her own. She didn't follow anyone's rules. If I'm going to sing like anyone else
, she said, then I don't need to sing at all
. She did things with a row of notes that defied convention and logic and gravity. Her voice came from deep inside. She told a story through the twists and bends in a musical line, the pull and push of a phrase.
When I was eight years old, Billie Holiday's music taught me that something beautiful could be made from sadness. For a musician, that is one of the most powerful lessons to learn. It's what saves us, time and again. She lived a short and troubled life, but the happiness and luck that she did find, she found through her music. And finding your joy and your strength in music is something I do know about. I know what it's like, when things have fallen to pieces, to put on your satin dress and go onstage, and find the secret power of a woman in a satin dress, pull an audience in, and make your listeners fall in love with the music. Just the way I fell in love with Billie Holiday's songs when I was eight years old.
She gave away her heart boldly and foolishly, and every time it was bruised or broken, she turned that pain back into something graceful and moving, in a song. Love is funny or it's sad, it's a good thing or it's bad,
she sang, but beautiful
. There have been times when I've given my heart at the wrong time, to the wrong man. One spring I practiced Rachmaninoff all day and listened to Billie Holiday at night. I'm a fool to want you,
she sang, a phrase I echoed in my foolish head.