The course of an expatriate artist can go in several different directions; there are those for whom the experience of living and working in another country provides a deeper understanding of 'home' and 'place,' and for whom a return is necessary, and there are those who find that these things can be found in self and experience, wherever one is. For every group like the Art Ensemble of Chicago, which found a return necessary, there are those like Steve Lacy, who found a multi-disciplinary climate of artists endemic to fostering a musical personality, and Europe provided such a climate. Pianist Bobby Few, born October 21st, 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio, truly came into his own after leaving the United States for France in 1969, and has found "home" and "place" in his own unique musical vision.
Few began playing piano at age seven at the behest of his father, who was a jazz aficionado, and studied both classical and jazz techniques. Cleveland classical organist Catherine Howland Forbes was his classical teacher, and he studied jazz under Benjamin Austin. Though Few began playing classical music first, it was not long before improvisation equaled classical form in importance for the young pianist: "I was actually learning classical first, from seven through eleven, and at that time I got a little certificate for playing Chopin's 'Polonaise', and I continued playing classical until I heard my father's Jazz at the Philharmonic records, which gave me an incentive to try and play this way. I thought, 'wow, this is different,' because it didn't seemed to be so fenced in." Ms. Forbes evidently didn't quite approve of Few's jazz proclivities, though he was able to study both forms of music throughout his youth. He was therefore able to study the fundamentals of improvisation and swing, while still maintaining a propensity for classical pianistic tone and organization, eventually developing into a dense, arpeggiated style. At 15 Few assembled the East Jazz Trio, a group that became extraordinarily popular in Cleveland and the Midwest, with drummer Raymond Farris and bassist Cevera Jeffries, Jr. (who later joined Few on record dates with Booker Ervin and Marzette Watts). The group primarily played a repertoire of standards and was together until Few and Jeffries moved to New York in 1962, at the behest of Cleveland tenor hero Albert Ayler.
Though Few scuffled a fair bit while living in New York during the '60s, he was able to find kindred spirits rather quickly, for his apartment building was populated with a who's who of jazz musiciansthe aforementioned Ervin lived upstairs, as did pianist Randy Weston, while tenor man Frank Wright lived downstairs. "One day I was playing in my apartment, and Ervin came down and knocked on the door and said, 'wow, what's your name' and I told him I'm Bobby Few from Cleveland. He said 'would you like to record with me?' and I said 'wow, with who?' and he said 'with Blue Note [The In Between
, 1968]. I said 'yeah, oh man!'" Prior to that, Few had been playing with R&B singer Brook Benton and Benton was the impetus for Few's first foray into Europe, giving the pianist a chance to tour outside America fairly early. But it was working with the Frank Wright group that brought Few to France in 1969, where he has since made his home. Few, Wright, altoists Noah Howard and Arthur Jones (another Cleveland expatriate), bassist Alan Silva and drummer Muhammad Ali were looking for a new location and it seemed like a good opportunity to leave the pell-mell and increasingly dangerous environment that New York had become. "We all said 'where can we go' and Frank said 'well, what about Paris?' We said, 'hey, wow, but we don't know anybody or anything,' and Frank said 'well, let's just go.' So we packed our bags and came to Paris...and we were like pioneers. We knew nobodywe didn't know the language or anythingand there was this student revolution that had happened in '68 and it was still going on by the time we came. Four of us were walking down the street and hundreds of police came with gas masks on in the back of us and in front of us were these students burning cars and everything, and we just started running because we got scared. We saw a light on that we thought was a restaurant and ran into this place and this guy closed the door and said 'wow, who are you guys?' and we said we were musicians. He asked if we knew where we were and we said we thought it was a restaurant. He said, 'it is, but downstairs is The Jazz Cave'...the owner said 'would you like to play here next week?'"
The Frank Wright Quartet, or the Center of the World as it became known (Wright, Howard, Few and Ali, later including Silva), rented a truck and drove around Western Europe showing up at festivals and getting in by the good graces of promoters. The Actuel festival in Amougies, Belgium as well as festivals in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and elsewhere helped to bolster the group's reputation and it was not long before they were invited to play at happenings like the Nancy Jazz Pulsations (Last Polka in Nancy?, Center of the World Records, 1974) and Berlin's FMP-spearheaded Workshop Freie Musik. The group dissipated in the early '80s, reaching finality with Wright's passing in 1990 and Few joined the ensemble of Steve Lacy, whom he had met at Amougies. Few and Lacy remained a team until 1992, when the saxophonist returned to trio and quartet formations. "Just recently I read an article that said that the reason Steve Lacy stayed in France was because he met me," Few said. Making the switch from the dense and very free, but nevertheless R&B-laced approach of the Center of the World to Lacy's Monkish koans was a unique challenge for Few: "It wasn't easy to play the music of Lacy because it was very special and very complicated. Sometimes I used to go crazy trying to figure out the parts, but after a while it began to grow on me...I had to adjust because he had written it in such a complex way, chordally...but I think it helped him increase melodically because he hadn't been using a piano and it gave him a great lift musically...sometimes he would write chords where my hands were at either end of the piano and you didn't know [what chord it was]."
Early training in classical music and jazz, the volatile, earthy funk of Frank Wright and the at-once hermetic and open miniatures of Lacy have given Bobby Few a unique conception that has yielded hundreds of compositions as well as, interestingly, a penchant for singing, a talent he began to develop while with Wright and that has continued to this day. "When you compose your own music and you're allowed to play it, you really have a lot of fire because it's your own. You see that people respond and want to record and talk about your music, you know it must be working." Few's performances have often seemed like marathons; in a duo with tenor man Avram Fefer, the pair ran through Monk, Ellington, Few's pieces and free improvisations like a juggernaut, running a stylistic and emotional gamut. Rehearsing, improvising and, most importantly, fostering empathy with both fellow musicians and with others who share in the experience are proofit's working.
Visit Bobby Few on the web.
· Booker Ervin - The In Between (Blue Note, 1968)
· Marzette Watts - Marzette Watts (Savoy, 1969)
· Frank Wright/Muhammad Ali/Bobby Few/Alan Silva - Center of the World, Vol.1&2 (Fractal, 1972)
· Steve Lacy - The Door (Novus, 1988)
· Zusaan Kali Fasteau/Noah Howard/Bobby Few - Expatriate Kin (CIMP, 1997)
· Bobby Few - Continental Jazz Express (Boxholder, 2000)
Portrait by Bernard Vidal
Performing by Nicolas Perrier