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History of Jazz Timeline: 1919

After years of lynching and other mistreatment of blacks by whites, the NAACP promotes the slogan "The new Negro has no fear". This type of thinking will further the cause of Jazz.
In this year, 70 blacks are killed by KKK mobs. More than 10 of these are soldiers still in uniform.
Sidney Bechet moves to New York City and joins Will Marion Cook's Southern Syncopated Orchestra. Bechet travels to Europe with the orchestra where he will gain accolades from Classical musicians as a distinguished musician. It is at this time that Bechet discovers the soprano saxophone.
Accolades (mentioned above) given to Sidney Bechet by Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet appear in Revue Romande. This article is the first serious article on Jazz to appear anywhere.
In February, James Reese Europe and his Hellfighters return home. They go on a tour of the U.S. in the Spring.
On May 9, in Boston, James Reese Europe is confronted in his dressing room by Herbert Wright (one of his men). They have words because Wright thinks that Europe is treating him unfairly. Wright plunges a penknife into Europes neck. Europe bleeds to death.
It is probable that young Bix Beiderbecke heard Louis Armstrong play on the riverboats that stopped in Davenport, Iowa during this year.
Innovative guitarist Charlie Christian is born in Dallas, Texas. His father is a blind guitarist. Christian will be influenced by Lonnie Johnson, Eddie Lang and Django Reinhardt.
Hard Bop drummer Art Blakey is born in Pittsburgh, Pa on October 11. Art will become one of the major Hard Bop leaders along with Horace Silver in the late 1950's.
Innovative pianist Lenny Tristano is born in Chicago on March 19 during a major flu epidemic. His eyes are affected and he will eventually be completely blind.
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band visits England and triggers an interest in the new music.
Free Jazz pianist Herbie Nichols is born New York City on January 3.
The Southern Syncopated Orchestra is in Europe with Sidney Bechet. On November 15, conductor Ernest Ansermet hears Bechet in London and believes that he is a genius.
The Scrap Iron Jazz Band (from the Hellfighters) makes a series of records in Paris.
Pianist George Shearing is born in London on August 13.
Singer Anita O'Day is born in Chicago on December 18.
Bandleader Paul Whiteman leaves San Francisco for Atlantic City.
Bassist Al McKibbon born in Chicago, IL.

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