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Jean-Jacques Avenel: Waraba

AAJ Staff By

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Jean-Jacques Avenel: Waraba When it comes to music, "old" can be a relative term. Jazz may be a revered and ancient language to its practitioners and fans, but it's a mere infant compared to the music of the West African Manding Empire, which dates back to the 13th Century rule of Sunjata Keita, its founder and first king. Until recently, you had to be from one of a handful of select families to be qualified to play Manding music right. But times have changed, colonialism notwithstanding, and players like France's Jean-Jacques Avenel have made Manding music their own.

Avenel, who's self-taught on the bass, has been active on the European free music scene for three decades, most prominently working with Steve Lacy since 1981, when he replaced Kent Carter in the straight horn player's quintet. That's where jazz fans will recognize the name and the sound, but for the purposes of this recording it's important to note that Avenel has immersed himself in the music of West Africa for some time now. He's been playing the kora, a harp/lute-like instrument, for over twenty years.

Waraba (which means "the lion" in the Bamana language) is the title of Avenel's Paris-based Manding music project with Yakhouba Sissokho (kora), Lansiné Kouyaté (balafon, a marimba), Moriba Koita (ngoni, a lute), and Michel Edelin (flutes). Avenel plays bass (and kora, on two tracks) on the record, which is evenly split between traditional pieces and originals by members of the group. Other than the acoustic bass and flutes, the instruments that appear here are old as West African music itself (and the liner notes provide some helpful background).

Waraba is mesmerizing, transfixing music where motion seems to blur as time progresses, though the actual notes are quite detailed and interlock in precise and constantly changing patterns. The traditional pieces and the originals are intermixed, but unless you're a student of the music you wouldn't necessarily know which ones are which. Avenel's playing on the solo "Pi-Pande" (on two basses and a kora) is perhaps the most personally revealing about the ways he chooses to connect jazz and Manding forms, and it's anything but predictable. The bass is not traditionally part of this kind of music, so everything he does on the instrument constitutes either an invention or an adaptation.

The group interacts avidly with a candid, open improvisational approach in the process of fleshing out these tunes. The combination of timbres remains organic and balanced, and the DSD recording faithfully reveals every subtle nuance and coloration. Given the overall sprightly dominance of the kora—and credit master kora player Yakhouba Sissokho for bringing the African contingent into this group—this can be viewed as a kora record, but only by listening to Avenel's bass playing can you really appreciate its inherent balance.

Waraba is breathtaking, masterfully inventive, and unpretentious stuff. Mind-blowing, really, whatever your musical background.

This is a hybrid SACD recording.


Track Listing: Lamba; Pi-Pande; Batou Kagni; Guelema; N'Dondore; Jarabi; Kaira; Denko; Destin; Tubaka.

Personnel: Jean-Jacques Avenel (double bass & kora), Yakhouba Sissokho (kora), Lansin Kouyat (balafon), Moriba Koita (n'goni), Michel Edelin (flute, alto flute, bass flute).

Year Released: 2004 | Record Label: Songlines Recordings


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