Valby Summer Jazz
Prøvehallen in Valby and The Betty Nansen Theatre
July 6-13, 2013
In a time of financial crisis, the solution to many festivals seems to be to cut down on the experimental budget and ambitions and focus on familiar names that are sure to attract a sizeable audience. While Valby Summer Jazz, which takes place in Copenhagen and the suburb of Valby, certainly is able to list some of the finest names in modern jazz, the goal of the festival isn't to present the audience with something they already know. Instead, what you get at the festival are familiar artists in new contexts and a cross-fertilization of genres whose common denominator is the joy and love of music.
Context is a keyword. While some experiments have an air of unapproachable intellectuality and exclusion, the festival makes sure that the audience isn't left behind. Amidst the many challenging sounds, there is always a tune, a melody or a rhythm to hang on to. If anything, the festival has proven that experiments are possible within a mainstream context and you don't need to belong to a closed community to understand what's going on.
Another way of providing context was the fine artist talks that took place before many of the concerts. This was a new and welcome feature that allowed the audience to familiarize itself with the artists in an informal setting where a music journalist interviewed many of the participating musicians. Particularly enlightening was the meeting between the Danish and American composers Anders Koppel
and John Blake Jr., who touched upon the similarities in their works. Both emphasized the inherent spirituality in music and the merging of folklore and classical music.
The theme of the festival was "Big Band and Choir," and while the festival included both big bands and choirs in spectacular settings, there wasn't really a headline that could cover everything. Here was everything from intimate duo interplay to cooking quintets and chamber music and jazz-pop extravaganza. Chapter Index
Fathers and Sons and Kindred Spirits
Fathers and Sons and Kindred Spirits
Old and New Cooking
Avant-garde and Pop á la Carte
Sound in Technicolor
The festival began with an ambitious concert where organist Anders Koppel and violinist John Blake Jr. performed two suites for choir. The two artists were joined by bassist Morten Ramsbøll and their sons, drummer Johnathan Blake
and saxophonist Benjamin Koppel
, and it was actually the younger Koppel who originally conceived the idea of getting the two together. On stage they were joined by the choir, Ars Nova Copenhagen.
Koppel's work Gemmer hvert et ord
, which was inspired by letters from Danish soldiers during The Battle of Fredericia in 1849, began the concert. While the words in the letters were sometimes imbued with melancholy and anxiety, the music corresponded with a search for light in the middle of darkness. Koppel's bubbling Hammond organ was coupled with Blake's soaring violin that added extra poignancy to the music, and the choir interpreted the words of the letters with skill. In general, Koppel must be applauded for his will to combine history and music, and unlike some modern composers, his work was carried by a refreshingly clear sense of melody and harmony.
John Blake Jr. also reached back in history, but this time it was the Afro-American tradition of gospel and spirituals. His re-imagined and rearranged versions of songs like "A Balm in Gilead" and "Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen," formed a strong narrative of the quest for spiritual freedom. The Danish choir rose to the occasion and sang the words deep from their hearts and Koppel's spirited organ brought the songs back into the church.
It was clear that both artists respected each other. Blake Jr. also found time to honor Danish violinist Svend Asmussen, who introduced him to solo violin playing. It was an evening of respect and sense of tradition, but also a life-affirming experience of hearing the past turned into new music.
Respect is also a word that can be used about the relationship between the two artistic directors of the festival, Benjamin Koppel
and pianist Kenny Werner
. Through the years, they have refined the festival, but also their own musical language, and an unexpected duo session provided the opportunity of hearing them unfold their deeply musical connection. Originally the concert was planned as a duo between Werner and Anders Koppel, but when he became ill, his son stepped in.
The setting was a new concept of jazz and brunch, but once the music started, there was no rattling of cutlery. The audience became transfixed by the sensitive touch of Werner's crystalline piano and Koppel's empathic response and finely shaped melodic lines. Both artists understood how to vary the music that unfolded like one long suite without any introductions. Werner especially showed his encyclopedic skills on the piano and incorporated everything from stride piano to bop lines and classical flourishes, but at the heart of the sound was a tranquil lyricism. A member of the audience remarked that she wished that the music had been recorded, but in a way it has been. Werner and Koppel recreated the magic feeling of their duo session Walden
(Cowbell, 2009). The question now remains when they will record new music together. Their concert certainly whetted the appetite for more.
Like the other incarnations of the festival, Koppel and Warner were involved in most of the concerts, but they proved to be sympathetic sidemen who brought out the best in their fellow musicians. This was also the case when bassist Scott Colley
visited with his quintet and guest star, saxophonist David Sanchez
During the concert, Sanchez played several epic solos in the tradition of John Coltrane
and, naturally, Koppel was inspired by the competition and delivered heated playing himself, twisting every tone on his instrument.
At one moment during the concert, Scott Colley, while tuning his bass, called his instrument: "this old ship" and Colley was indeed a captain who guided the group in the murky waters of his complex compositions that nevertheless showed accessibility through recognizable themes and motifs. Among the highlights were "January" and the ballad "For Sophia," both taken from his album Empire
(Cam Jazz, 2010). Without guitarist Bill Frisell
, who played on that record, the bluegrass-shades of the compositions were toned down in favor of a more straight hard-bop approach.
While all musicians proved to be incredibly gifted, the danger of too much soloing was also present. This was the case on a reading of the standard "If I Should Lose You," where Werner introduced the song beautifully, but the band hardly settled into the song before the first solo was delivered, and the standard was quickly turned into a formulaic solo vehicle where every musician had to have his due. Fortunately, this was the only misstep in an otherwise inspired performance where the friendship, virtuosity and originality of the musicians shone through. Old and New Cooking
Part of the success of Valby Summer Jazz has been that Koppel and Werner have consistently been able to deliver great names and living legends and place them in new and often successful constellations, but the festival has also invited groups that have been together for a long time. This was the case at last year's festival where Brian Blade
Fellowship played a formidable concert, and this year saw the invitation of the all-star group the Cookers.
It wasn't mentioned in the program, but it was actually a trimmed version of the group and unfortunately, this proved to have a negative impact on the sound. With their brass-heavy lineup that almost resembled a mini big band, the Cookers were a perfect match for this year's theme of "Big Band and Choir," but there was a missing ingredient: Saxophonist Craig Handy
, who is an important part of the group's sound, wasn't present, which left Billy Harper
as the sole saxophonist.
Normally there is a balance in the horn section between trumpeters David Weiss
and Eddie Henderson
and saxophonists Handy and Harper, but with Handy left out, there was a fundamental imbalance in the set-up, and the late arrival of the group must have resulted in a less-than-satisfying sound check, because the sound came across as muddy and bombastic. While Harper was buried in the brass, his playing nevertheless stood out, and he provided the compositional highlights in the shape of "Croquet Ballet" and "Priestess" with soulful playing and infectious themes.
With players like pianist George Cables
and bassist Cecil McBee
, there is certainly no shortage of great players in a group that truly qualifies as an all-star line-up. Unfortunately, bad sound and balance ruined the first set of a concert that felt like a routine performance from a group that didn't live up to expectations. One was inevitably reminded of the proverb that "too many cooks spoil the broth." Nevertheless, the group's records show that it definitely has something to offer together, and this was just a bad day at the office.
While the concert with the Cookers proved to be a disappointment, one of the festival's absolute highlights was the meeting between saxophonists Benjamin Koppel and Joe Lovano
playing an entire concert on their mezzo-soprano saxophones made by Peter Jessen, who was also present at the concert.
In a talk before the concert, Koppel emphasized the instrument's connection to the sound of the clarinet and Lovano talked about the air flow and the fact that the instrument takes more air and cannot be played as fast as a soprano saxophone. Both of the artists were clearly in love with the instrument and had engaged in a lifelong journey of finding their own identity on the instrument, and the concert proved that they had come very far.
It might be that the instrument doesn't allow playing as fast as a soprano saxophone, but tempo certainly wasn't the issue at the concert where Koppel and Lovano could play at high speed, but always retain a transparent exquisiteness in the way their melodic lines intertwined. Both of the saxophonists have a deep knowledge of classical music and jazz tradition, and in a chamber setting with Werner and the rhythm section of bassist Palle Danielsson
and drummer Audun Kleive
, they delivered third stream music of the highest order. A perfect example of the merging of the two worlds was Koppel's composition "One, Two, Three, Four" that combined an infectious rhythmical motif introduced on the bass by Danielsson and complex breaks and baroque lines.
Lovano contributed two excellent compositions, "Journey Within" and "Blessings in May," both taken from his recent album Cross Culture
(Blue Note, 2013), but there was also room for the advanced "Boss Town" from Flying Colors
. However, it was pianist Kenny Werner who provided the highlights with two sublime ballads. On the brooding "Go There and Roam," Danielsson played with bow and Werner raised his hand and chanted wordlessly while pouring out breathtaking harmonies and melodies.
As an encore, the group played the beautiful "Ballad for Trane" with Werner echoing the harmonies of the great saxophonist and, of course, it couldn't have been more fitting that Lovano, one of the best post- Coltrane saxophonists, played on a tribute to the master, but Koppel was certainly also up for the task and engaged in his trademark symbiotic playing with Werner.
On "Ballad for Trane," Lovano switched to his characteristic tenor saxophone. It would have been odd if the tribute to tenor-player Coltrane hadn't been played on that instrument, but overall, Lovano's signature instrument wasn't missed at all. Instead, the warm, woody texture of the mezzo-soprano added new colors to Lovano's musical vocabulary and together with Koppel and the rest of the group, he reached perfection. This was a meeting that deserved to be remembered and hopefully also committed to record. Avant-garde and Pop á la Carte
One of the most exciting things about Valby Summer Jazz is the curators' courage when it comes to placing themselves in new constellations. Sometimes, the result is superior, as in the case of the mezzo-soprano meeting, and it is never anything less than interesting.
An unlikely meeting at the festival was a concert with Koppel, hip-hop scratch-master extraordinaire, DJ Noize, and classical pianist Katrine Gislinge. The concert was billed as a transgression of genres, but the electronic part of the concert never really took off, and mostly came across as a gimmick that spoke more to the prejudice of electronics as a means of entertainment and distraction, rather than a vehicle for artistic innovation, as it certainly can be, as evidenced by Norwegian producer Jan Bang
A screen with pictures accompanied the music and was remixed live by DJ Noize, often with humorous effect, but the result was sometimes rather unsophisticated, as when a chopped up image of a snake-charmer accompanied an oriental motif on the saxophone. However, there were also interesting moments where layers of processed and real-time piano sounds intertwined in a complex soundscape.
Gislinge's playing was pretty and included well known pieces like Debussy's "Claire de Lune" and Erik Satie's "Gnossienne No. 1," and the pairing with Koppel resulted in beautiful sounds. It would have been lovely to hear Gislinge and Koppel in a duo without the ironic images from DJ Noize, but this was a concert that aimed more for entertainment than art. One can certainly not deny the musical skills and talent of DJ Noize, but his pictorial contributions felt quite out of place in this context.
Pianist and composer Jacob Anderskov
played on the same evening as Koppel, Gislinge and DJ Noize, premiering works from his latest album Strings, Percussion & Piano
(ILK, 2013). As the title implies, Anderskov relied on a constellation with a string trio and drummer Peter Bruun and they realized his subtle compositions perfectlywhether the music touched on a romantic aesthetic, as in the pastoral "Spring," or got into more dissonant and abstract areas in "Soil," with its forceful stabs of strings and splashing percussion.
Anderskov proved himself as an exciting composer in the field between experimental classical music and jazz. He brought an element of surprise and improvisation into the written scores and Bruun's forceful drumming added a welcome rhythmical flow that complemented the texture of the strings.
In spite of the experimental nature of Anderskov's music, it was also melodic and contained identifiable motifs and rhythms, but it was a long way from the accessible avant-garde of Anderskov to the pure jazz-pop party of Koppel and friends. They played a concert to an enthusiastic audience that couldn't resist the charm of the four vocalists that Koppel had brought along with his tight quartet of drummer Tom Jensen, pianist Jacob Karlzon
and bassist Morten Ramsbøll.
The four singers had one thing in common: they all had a background in pop, soul and gospel. But this evening, the focus was on a jazzified repertoire. Singer Maria Montell gave a sweet version of Charlie Chaplin's "Smile" and the positive vibe was maintained by soul singer Erann DD, whose congenial version of Louis Armstrong
's "What a Wonderful World" was literally delivered at the edge of the scene.
Drori beamed positivity and serenaded the old ladies on the balcony, but in terms of charm, he had tough competition from Denmark's number one crooner, Bobo Moreno, who sang a self-penned tune called "Bad Timing" that was worthy of Curtis Stigers
with its elegant, swinging feeling.
When it came to sheer volume and power, all the singers were blown away by Marie Carmen Koppel, who lit up the hall with her marvelous gospel-voice. She gave strong versions of Paul Simon's "Bridge Over Troubled Water" and the standard "When I Fall in Love."
In the end, all the singers got together for a joyful, if not tight version of Burt Bacharach's "That's What Friends Are For." This was indeed an evening of musical friendship and Koppel also mentioned that as a festival arranger, he was glad that he could invite his musical friends. While the musicians clearly had a good time, the joy was also felt among the audience. The concert was a beautiful example of how pop can create a community where troubles and worries are set aside for a moment. It was jazzy pop, but first of all it was pop and a concert for those who don't normally listen to jazz. Sound in Technicolor
While the concert with Koppel and friends provided a gentle introduction for those not normally accustomed to jazz, the big band concert with Ole Kock Hansen's A Very Big Band provided an excellent entry into the genre of the big band.
The concert featured three guest stars: drummer Alex Riel
, saxophonist Benjamin Koppel and singer Marie Carmen Koppel and they all contributed significantly: Riel with his propulsive swinging that made the big band light as a feather, Koppel with his narrative solos, and Marie Carmen Koppel lifted the room with her soulful voice and gospel phrasings.
The sound was excellent and the repertoire was diverse, encompassing everything from big band classics like Thad Jones
' "Big Dipper," the standard "Angel Eyes" and more modern pieces like Nat Adderley
's "Work Song." It was a set list that allowed Koppel to pay homage to some of his heroes, like saxophonists Johnny Hodges
and Phil Woods
, whose beautiful "Julian" was a highlight of the concert.
When sister Marie Carmen Koppel entered the stage, the direction changed from jazz to pop and soul, and the singer gave convincing interpretations of soul classics from Marvin Gaye and Donny Hathaway. When it all ended with a gospel tune, the audience completed a journey that had begun in the earliest years of big band, moved through modern jazz and pop, and ended where it all began: with the gospel songs in church.
Another luxurious journey in sound came from percussionist Marilyn Mazur
, who closed the festival with her concert with the Tritonus Choir. The name of their project was called "Existence," and unfolded itself like a glorious suite of poems set to music and instrumental interludes played by the quartet of Mazur, pianist Makiko Hirabayashi
, bassist Klavs Hovman
and saxophonist Hans Ulrik
The texts came from both Nordic and oriental sources and it all started when members of the choir popped up from everywhere and walked around in the concert hall, whispering a poem by Vigdis Garbarek. With this introduction, the scene was set for something special and the concert turned out to be a mind-blowing experience where Mazur's painterly percussion, the Zen-like touch of Hirabayashi's piano and the deep grooves of Hovman were merged with Hans Ulrik's Coltrane- like lines on the tenor.
The instruments were in perfect flow with the voices of the choir and brought out the philosophical aspects of the texts without succumbing to unnecessary pathos or dry intellectualism. Instead, the music and words combined into crashing waves of vitality that emphasized the rhythm and beat of life in a marvelous sound painting. When it all ended with an irresistibly charming cover of Monty Python's "Always Look on the Bright Side of life," Mazur's Quartet and the choir had managed to distill all the complexities of life into a life-affirming work of art.
The festival began with a concert with choir and ended with a concert with choir. It was a narrative of voices and big bands, but more than anything, it was an homage to creativity and music itself. With their tireless effort, Werner and Koppel and the team around Valby Summer Jazz have created a truly unique event that takes the perspective of the artists, but seeks to include the audience and expand their musical horizons. This year it seemed like the sky was the limit and some of the concerts played will definitely linger, as the festival moves on and prepares for another year of exciting musical meetings. Photo Credit
All Photos: Jannik Knudsen