America has produced some very cool things: jazz, rock, blues, country, hot rods, Hammond organs, and electric guitars. Another one of the coolest things is the language itself, brewed in the melting pot that is America. Like jazz, blues, and rock, American English itself can't be imagined without the influence of African Americans. "Hep," "hip," "funky," "groovin,'" and "cool" are words I had assumed were coined by the early jazz musicians; however, as I dug a little deeper it seems likely that "cool" goes back even further.
You will find some very interesting reading if you search the Web for the origins of "cool." A 2013 article from Slate titled "The Birth of Cool" cites an article entitled "Negro English" in an obscure German academic journal (Anglia), written by a professor at Washington and Lee University in 1884: "Among the many 'Negroisms' that Harrison cites is the interjection 'Dat's cool!,' which is given without definition or explanation, and so we're left to wonder at how closely its meaning mirrors the modern." The reason may well be that the meaning of "Dat's cool!" in the 19th century was every bit as varied as it is today. The LA Times also ran an interesting piece in 2012 on "What Defines Cool?" They reported on a university study "Coolness: An Empirical Investigation" which actually tried to answer the question. In the end, "The researchers concluded that while coolness isn't necessarily easy to define, people recognize it when they see it." In English we've adopted some French words that seem somewhat related to what we think of as "cool." Debonairattractive, confident, and carefully dressed (especially of men.) Suavehaving a pleasant and charming manner that may not be sincere (especially of men.)
It seems cool is indeed similar to debonair and suave, because it too is especially associated with men. My approach in coming up with this list was simply to write down a list of musicians who spontaneously popped into my mind in relation to the concept of cool, and then narrow the list down to ten. When I finished I was struck that I only had a few women on my initial list, even after giving it some additional thought. How could that be? Early female jazz singers sang about "cool cats," and male rock singers sang about "hot chicks." There's no denying it, in popular culture women are often thought of as the opposite of cool, they are labeled as "hot."
There is another inherent flaw in coming up with such a list. We've all heard the expressions, "Never meet your heroes," and "Familiarity breeds contempt." So a public persona is not necessarily anything like the actual person. Another limitation is that "cool" is sometimes fleeting. For example, Chet Baker was the absolute embodiment of cool at the beginning of his career. With that in mind I selected musicians who retained their cool over decades.
1. Miles DavisHe came across as aloof and emotionally detached, but at the same time he was decidedly flamboyant in his tastes and style; in fact, he was enamored with rock stars such as Jimi Hendrix and Prince. In terms of fashion he was anything but static: elegant preppy, tastefully tailored suits, Hendrixesque-psychedelic, all the way to Michael Jackson outfits. Search the Web for his cars and among others you find a bright yellow Ferrari Testarossa, a lime green Lamborghini Miura S, and a bright red Ferrari 275 GTB. Above all else he was hands down the coolest musician in terms of music itself. In an age that worshiped at the altar of electric guitar, his trumpet managed to define cool. Bebop, cool jazz, hard bop, electric, funk, rockhe was always in the moment and never looked back.
2. Jimi Hendrixthe most iconic musician of the flower power, peace & love generation. Soft spoken off stage, outrageously provocative on stage, extraordinary in the studio, and one of the most influential electric guitarist of all time.
3. Elvis PresleyHe was so cool that even Col. Parker's movie and recording deals couldn't ruin his career. Goolge "Elvis Presley" and you get about 29,700,000 results in (0,90 seconds!) Come on, you've got to admit that he had to be extremely cool to pull off those jumpsuits.
4. Frank SinatraFrom being the idol of fainting bobby soxers in the 40s big band era to the leader of the 1960s Rat Pack, in his day he was surely one extraordinarily cool cat. A singer who was admired by his peers and commercially successful, who went on to win an Academy Award as an actor. Even at the height of the British Invasion in the 1960s, he had some huge hits: "Strangers in the Night," "That's Life," "Something Stupid," and "My Way."
5. Willie NelsonToday at age 83 this beloved country outlaw, singer, songwriter, actor, and activist remains unquestionably cool.
I was first exposed to jazz in 1961 (at age 10) when I was in a shopping arcade in Southport, England with my parents. I fell in love with the music playing over the PA system; Take Five by the Dave Brubeck Quartet
I was first exposed to jazz in 1961 (at age 10) when I was in a shopping arcade in Southport, England with my parents. I fell in love with the music playing over the PA system; Take Five by the Dave Brubeck Quartet. After going through Rock 'n Roll, the Beatles and Heavy Metal/Hard Rock phases over the next eight or so years, I finally bought my first jazz album; We're All Together Again for the First Time by Dave Brubeck, Paul Desmond and Gerry Mulligan. I was hooked on jazz, and still am 40+ years later.
I moved from England to the USA in 2002, and founded the Brookfield Jazz Society in 2005.
I became editor of the quarterly IAJRC Journalin 2012. The magazine goes to the worldwide membership of the IAJRC (International Association of Jazz Record Collectors) and many major libraries and educational establishments around the world.
As well as being the editor of the IAJRC Journal, I write about jazz and review CDs, vinyl, DVDs and books on jazz.
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