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Joel Harrison: The Wheel

Troy Collins By

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A wildly diverse improviser/composer/arranger with a penchant for unorthodox instrumental combinations, guitarist Joel Harrison has sustained one of the most unpredictable discographies of the last decade with his chimerical mix of jazz, blues, chamber music, African and Indian folk music, Appalachian tunes and old school country songs.

Nothing in his expansive output approaches the episodic grandeur of The Wheel however. A five part suite written for a combined string quartet and jazz quintet, Harrison's long-form work succeeds where many similar experiments have faltered.

Early attempts to integrate classical forms with jazz improvisation can be traced to the seminal Post-War efforts of Third Stream composer Gunther Schuller. In the late 1950s there were few classical performers capable of extended improvisation, just as there were few jazz artists adept at sight reading. Today, those differences are vanishing. Harrison employs a stellar cast in his mixed nonet, which delivers one of the most fully realized hybrids of classical music and jazz in recent memory.

Harrison uses a varied palette on "The Wheel" suite, drawing from a wide range of musical traditions, including West African griot, Appalachian folk, neo-classical string writing, post bop swing and gospel-inflected blues. He avoids Post-Modern pastiche with a cohesive, multi-layered approach, simultaneously incorporating threads of seemingly disparate genres to impressive effect.

Inspired by the fevered cadences of Appalachian string bands, the ebullient opener, "American Farewell," summons a kaleidoscopic sound world that quickly builds from a sonorous theme to heated contrapuntal interplay. Violinists Todd Reynolds and Chris Howes bow thrilling double stops driven by the relentless pulse of bassist Lindsey Horner and drummer Dan Weiss.

The tranquil West African influenced polyrhythms of "Blues Circle" reveal traditional jazz elements with an expressively lyrical solo from trumpeter Ralph Alessi that navigates myriad changes in tempo, color and dynamics.

The lengthy "Rising" is a rousing tour-de-force; a fevered amalgamation of interweaving contrapuntal lines, multiple concurrent polyrhythms and knotty collective improvisation that coalesce into a chromatic mosaic. Alto saxophonist David Binney centers the movement with a breezy solo that gracefully builds to a dramatic conclusion.

The elegiac fourth movement, "We Have Been the Victims of a Broken Promise," is heartbreaking; rarely are contemporary musicians so nakedly emotional in this era of irony and cynicism. The piece soars with bittersweet melancholy as the strings swell with plangent lyricism.

The suite concludes with "Ceaseless Motion," an amplified variation on the opening theme that climaxes with a pungent alto solo from Binney. Harrison assumes an arranger's role until the yearning post-suite closer, "In Memoriam: Dana Brayton," where he takes center stage with a searing slide guitar solo of breathtaking splendor.

Harrison's suite transcends "jazz with strings" cliches by virtue of his singular writing and a phenomenal interpretation by seasoned veterans. The Wheel is a major achievement for Harrison and one of the best records of the year, regardless of genre.


Track Listing: The Wheel: American Farewell, Blues Circle, Rising, We Have Been the Victims of a Broken Promise, Ceaseless Motion (Watch the Future Roll By); In Memoriam: Dana Brayton.

Personnel: Joel Harrison: composer, guitar; Todd Reynolds: violin; Chris Howes: violin; Caleb Burhans: viola; Wendy Sutter: cello; David Binney: alto saxophone; Ralph Alessi: trumpet, flugelhorn; Lindsey Horner: bass; Dan Weiss: drums.

Title: The Wheel | Year Released: 2008 | Record Label: Innova Recordings


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