"Musicians of a gentler, more lyrical bent ... found in hard bop a more congenial climate than bebop had offered: for instance, trumpeter Art Farmer, [and] composers Benny Golson and Gigi Gryce.... In a sense, such musicians were not hard boppers at all. They are, however, partially associated with the movement for two reasons. First, they often performed and recorded with hard boppers. Art Farmer, for example, played in Horace Silver's quintet and with saxophonists Jackie McLean and Jimmy Heath. And second, the very latitude and diversity of hard bop allowed room for their more meditative styles to evolve. Hard bop's slower tempos and simpler melodies also helped, as did the school's overall aesthetic, which favored "saying something" over technical bravado... But the decisive quality they share with each other is their gentle, thoughtful elegance."David Rosenthal
Rosenthal describes Art Farmer, Benny Golson and Gigi Gryce as "The Lyricists."
Host Intro 0:00
J.J. Johnson Sextet "Capri" from Eminent JJ Johnson (Blue Note) 3:24
Clifford Brown Sextet "Hymn of the Orient" from Memorial Album (Blue Note) 7:04
Host speaks 11:09
Art Farmer Quintet "Evening in Casablanca" from Art Farmer Quintet Featuring Gigi Gryce (Prestige) 12:55
Art Farmer Quintet "Nica's Tempo" from Art Farmer Quintet Featuring Gigi Gryce (Prestige) 18:15
Host speaks 26:03
Miles Davis Quintet "Stablemates" from Miles (Prestige) 28:42
Rhythm Abstraction: Azure is the first volume of new compositions created as a follow up to 2018’s
release Rhythm Kaleidoscope. As with that release, Brock Avery improvised drum and percussion
solos. Frank Macchia then composed music for woodwinds and orchestra to Brock’s creations. Azure
is the first of three extended play albums of 6-7 compositions which will be released starting in
January and followed up in April and July. In Azure we have a created a group of pieces that continue
our quest for honoring the art of improvisation with a “stream-of-consciousness” sense of
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