| Days 4-6
| Days 7-9
Anat Fort / Susanna
Torben Waldorff Wah Wah / Norma WInstone
TD Ottawa Jazz Festival
June 20-July 1, 2014
For the last three days in Ottawa before heading to Montréal for five days of the Festival International de Jazz de Montréal, the emphasis was entirely on the Improv Invitational
series, at the National Arts Centre's intimate, club-like Fourth Stage. It was an eclectic mix of artists, ranging from an Israeli pianist, a Norwegian singer/songwriter and a Danish guitarist to two artists from the broad-spectrum British scene: one, a legend, the other, if not exactly a legend, then at the very least a group considered to be the founding father of the current British revival that includes groups like Polar Bear
and Led Bib
With temperatures and humidity soaring outside, the dark, cool Fourth Stage seemed like the perfect place to be for three days of music ranging from contemporary, rock-informed jazz and beautiful voc al interpretations to a taste of Norwegian gloom and one of the finest solo piano recitals to hit Ottawa since the elimination of the late afternoon Connoisseur Series
a few years back. June 26: Anat Fort
She may have first found her way onto the international map with A Long Story
, her 2007 debut for ECM Records, but pianist Anat Fort
who spent nearly two decades living in New York City before returning to her Israeli homeland five years agohad already begun the slow build of a career back in 1999, when she released Peel
(Self Produced), a year before forming the longstanding trio which was finally documented when the pianist released her follow-up to A Long Story
, And If
Fort's next recording is already in preparationanother recording with her trio but, this time, also featuring guest clarinetist/saxophonist/ECM label mate Gianluigi Trovesi
but for her 6:00PM Ottawa show at the Fourth Stage, Fort traveled the long distance from Israel on her own, for a solo piano recital that, while less well-attended than it should have been, clearly garnered some new fans along with those already familiar with her focused, lyrical approach to both composition and performance.
The diminutive pianist came onstage and, following a moment of silent preparation, launched into "Lullaby" from A Long Story
. Hearing the piece solo contrasted substantially from the freer approach on the record, which also featured clarinetist Perry Robinson
, bassist Ed Schuller
and drummer Paul Motian
, to whom the pianist later paid tribute with a piece, appropriately enough, titled "Paul Motian" (two versions of which bookend As If
). While Fort's music contains clear structure, there's plenty of space for both embellishment and flat-out extemporization, and from the opening minutes of her performance certain characteristics to her playingmost particularly a very personal use of the sustain pedal to create chords that would ring out briefly, only to be quickly cut short as she released the pedal, creating a specific kind of tension and release that was subtle but palpable.
A relaxed performer, Fort quickly created a comfortable rapport with her audience. She introduced all her songs, often explaining the meaning behind their titles. One, מְלָפְפוֹן or "Me'laf'fon" in Hebrew, translates into "cucumber" in English and, according to Fort, had no other meaning than it being an interesting sounding word; others, like And If
's "Lanesboro," referred to personal experiences, in this case the Minnesota town where she spent time in a retreat, composing; and still others, like the same album's "Clouds Moving," while written for the Minnesota skies, made more personal for the pianist's Ottawa audience by relating how, after waking up earlier today following an early morning (and five-hour late) arrival by plane, she saw similar movement in the Ottawa sky and, so, dedicated the song to them.
It was an all-too-short performance at just over an hour including a well-deserved encore, but it was plenty long enough to establish Fort's increasing potential for broader recognition. Even when there was complexity in the music, as in "Clouds Moving," Fort delivered it with such fluid ease as to make it not just seem easy, but to make an irregularly metered song that alternated bars of 5/4 and 4/4, feel utterly natural. And when the music was spare and gentle, as was her delicate encore of "Lanesboro," it was clear that beneath such a simple construct lay greater depth and profundity. It was the year's only solo piano performance and strongly suggested that, if Fort's next recording is to be a quartet date, then ECM should seriously consider a solo recording when the time comes for her fourth recording for the label. June 26: Susanna
A dark, moody performance by Susanna, with her group
Susanna, was one of those Fourth Stage performances that really should have been better attended; all that meant was that those who did
decide to forego at least the first part of the main stage show at Confederation Park were treated to something the city rarely gets to experienceone of Norway's most intriguing piano-playing singers/songwriters whose music was dark, moody and largely very down-tempo; music that demanded as much of its audience as it did the group that played it. "Thank you for not going to Earth, Wind & Fire," Susanna quipped coyly, early in the set.
In addition to Susanna (sister of ECM recording artist, pianist Christian Wallumrød), her touring triowhich, after some west coast dates wrapped up a short North American tour in Rochester, NY the following eveningincluded brother Fredrik (drums, vocals, sound engineer) and her partner, guitarist Helge Sten. One of the co-founders of renowned noise improv groups Supersilent
, one-half of the Minibus Pimps duo with ex-Led Zeppelin
bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones and, as Deathprod, one of Norway's busiest producers and mastering engineers, it was a very rare opportunity to hear Sten play guitar and sound, for the most part, actually like
a guitarist, his normal approach being more textural in nature, with plenty of processing and unorthodox treatments.
That's not to say he didn't shoot for some extremes during Susanna's set, which drew on material dating back to her earliest recording, 2004's Susanna and the Magical Orchestra debut, List of Lights and Buoys
(Rune Grammofon), though the preponderance of material seemed to be culled from 2012's Wild Dogs
. While Wallumrød delivered a simple but strong pulse on that album's "Wild Horse Wild Dog," Sten kicked in some serious overdrive and, with whammy bar creating great swoops and rapid tremolos, entered Jimi Hendrix
territory but without the blues and, instead, a far greater emphasis on the edgy, harsher quotient. Still, elsewhere, like on the opening "For You," his playing was sparer, more delicate...melodic, even.
"I am Susanna and we are Susanna," she said, in one of her simply stated introductions to the one-hour, 14-song set that also included "some Norwegian gloom" with the suitably slit-your-wrist bleakness of "Death Hanging," written in 2012 for the Oya Container during the Oyafestival in Oslo, a collaboration with singers Siri Nilsen and Susanne Sundfør. And as much as she emphasized her own material, Susanna's career has also been defined by her imaginative reinventions of music by everyone from Sandy Denny and Lou Reed to Bob Dylan and Phil Lynott, whose Thin Lizzy rocker, "Jailbreak," was reinterpreted here as a stark, melancholy ballad. Her Magical Orchestra look at Joy Division's "Love Will Tear Us Apart" was delivered with even darker subtext here, while her look at Leonard Cohen's "Who By Fire"first heard on her particularly superb collaboration with Baroque harpist Giovanna Pessi on If Grief Could Wait
(ECM, 2012) was, in performance, even sparer, with Susanna, perhaps even more quietly, finding her way to the song's accusatory core.
It was, indeed, a shame that there was less promotion of Susanna's Ottawa appearance. While she's been to North American once before with the Magical Orchestra (the orchestra being In The Country
's Morten Qvenild
), trips across the Atlantic are rare. Even as Susanna garners increasing critical and popular acclaim for recent recordings like If Grief Could Wait
and her most recent solo effort, The Forester
(Susanna Sonata, 2013)a similarly superb collaboration with Norway's chamber group Ensemble NeoN which will be performed at this year's Ultima Festival in Osloher Ottawa appearance will ultimately go down as a case of people not realizing what they were missing until it was too late. With North American appearances rareand Ottawa appearances even rarer (this being her first time in the Nation's Capital)every one of them should be cherished. June 27: Torben Waldorff Quartet Wah Wah
The second Friday of the TD Ottawa International Jazz Festival brought a triptych of international artists to the NAC Fourth Stage Improv Invitational
series, each representing a different European country: Belgium, Denmark and the United Kingdom. One was a completely unheard of large ensemble (Belgium's Flat Earth Society); another, a more established guitarist (Torben Waldorff
); and the third, truly a living legend with her longstanding trio from Italy and Germany (Norma Winstone
Having been forced to miss Flat Earth Society, the first show of the day was Torben Waldorff's Quartet, performing music culled from his four ArtistShare recording, from 2012's Wah Wah
right back to his 2006 debut for the label, Brilliance.
While the personnel has shifted slightly from album to album, with people like saxophonist Donny McCaslin and keyboardists Gary Versace, Sam Yahel and Jon Cowherd passing through, Waldorff has retained the same bassist and drummer across all four sets, and it was these twobassist Matt Clohesy and drummer Jon Wikanthat have also accompanied the guitarist for his short North American summer tour which has included Canadian dates in Vancouver, Saskatoon, Toronto, along with American appearances in Cleveland, Detroit and Rochester. With Wah Wah's Gary Versace unavailable, Waldorff recruited Adam Birnbaum, a young pianist who already has three albums under his own name, in addition to appearances with artists including Greg Osby and Ryan Keberle, since first emerging on the New York scene a decade ago.
A clearly talented guitarist and writer whose personal touchstones define his approach and differentiate him from the pack, including a motif-based approach to carefully built solos that were often predicated on broad intervallic leaps and sparse but orthodox-busting lyricism, Waldorff's hour-long set moved from the gently pulsing "You Here" to the 6/8 "Cutoff (The Eleventh Bar)" (both off Wah Wah), which kicked off with a brief a cappella solo from Clohesy that helped explain why the bassist is in such demand from artists including Darcy James Argue, Seamus Blake, Alan Ferber, Geoffrey Keezer and David Weiss. Wikan drove the entire set with the perfect mix of grace and firehis ostinato-driven solo at the end of the set-opening "Skyliner," from Afterburn
(ArtistShare, 2008), demonstrating why everyone from Christine Jensen
and Ingrid Jensen
(Wikan's wife) to Darcy James Argue
and Denise Donatelli
have chosen him as their drummer of choice.
If there was any complaint it was that Wikan was, at times, a little loud in the room, threatening to overpower his band mates, but it was a small one in an exhilarating set that undoubtedly made Waldorff some new fans in the roughly half-filled Fourth Stage. Waldorff's inventive approach to writingfrom the balladic title track of American Rock Beauty
(ArtistShare, 2010) to Afterburn
's fierier "Squealfish"coupled with a more considered and thoughtful approach to playing that differentiated him from contemporaries like Adam Rogers
and Kurt Rosenwinkel
by keeping virtuosity in check so that when he did pull it out, it was even more impressive.
Waldorff's ongoing work with Clohesy and Wikan has allowed him to build both a longstanding chemistry and personal language, the kind that can only evolve through playing with the same people for many years; there's still, however, the energy that comes from new encounters, and by fleshing out his groups with a variety of different players, the guitarist has also allowed his music so change with every new recruit. With Birnbaum a pianist who surely deserves broader recognitionas, of course, does Waldorffhe brought a vivid sense of the unexpected, whether on grand piano or Fender Rhodes. The result was a set high on energy, melody and conceptual focusa performance that those who attended will not soon forget. June 27: Norma Winstone
It's hard to believe that, in a career now spanning over 45 years, the now-legendary British singer Norma Winstone
has never been to Ottawa. With a resume that reads like a who's who of the British jazz scene that emerged in the 1960s and '70s, including John Taylor
, Kenny Wheeler
, Mike Westbrook
, Azimuth and Michael Garrick
not to mention her own small but superb discography, which began with 1971's The Edge of Time
(Disconforme)it's difficult to understand why this city has not brought her here before. For the past 13 years, the trio she has been working with has created its own sound world, releasing four exceptional recordings that also feature German bass clarinetist/soprano saxophonist Klaus Gesing
and Italian pianist Glauco Venier
; that she's toured the country on more than one occasion but never made it to the Nation's Capital seems almost outrageous.
Fortunately, the 2014 TD Ottawa Jazz Festival has righted the wrong and, while the write-up in its program did little to address her importance as one of the most significant and influential jazz singers still alive today, it didn't hurt her capacity to draw an audience, with the Fourth Stage just slightly under a sell-out of enthusiastic people excited to experience Norma Winstone and her trio in the flesh.
Three of the trio's recordings are on ECM Records, beginning with 2008's Distances, followed by 2010's Stories Yet to Tell
and, most recently, this year's Dance Without Answer
(2014), from which Winstone culled the majority of the trio's material for 70-minute set. That the interpretations were both reverent to the arrangements on the recordings while, at the same time, delivered with a kind of effortless freedom that made them entirely different experiences, went without saying.
What's perhaps less evident on the recordings, however, is how much fun
this trio has together. At one point, between songs, Venier walked across the stage to say something to Gesing; with Winstone looking at him as if she was thinking "what are you up to?" he said to her, "I have to talk to Klaus," to which Gesing quickly quipped, "As far as dance performances, this is it." These folks were sharp, and it was this kind of playful banter that made the performance more than just a stellar example of trio interplay and the real potential of the human voice, with WInstone going well beyond the conventional scat singing so often heard. Not that Winstone can't scatshe can, and she didbut her approach to improvising with her trio went farther than that, with articulations that were less bebop and more natural articulations that blended seamlessly with the trio, in particular Gesing, whose saxophone work soared above around, below and occasionally with Winstone, and whose bass clarinet work wasand always has beenparticularly impressive.
While possessing plenty of chops, Gesing proved himself a musician more concerned with the core of a song than meaningless displays of virtuositya virtuosity that everyone in the trio clearly possessed and demonstrated when the time was right and the song demanded itbut he was just as comfortable delivering long, low register notes made even deeper through his subtle use of electronics throughout the set. His bass clarinet work on the trio's reading of Madonna's "Live to Tell"a song that's also been covered by Bill Frisell
on his "covers" recording, Have a Little Faith
(Nonesuch, 1993)was particularly impressive for its dark, woody simplicity and underscoring nuances. Whereas Frisell took the tune to incendiary heights, Winstone's delivery and the elegant, refined and ever-subtle support from Venier and Gesing was something else entirely; with the utmost control of dynamics, this trio was capable of making even the slightest shift bold, vivid and dramatic.
From her original lyrics, written to music by Venier, Gesing and Ralph Towner
, to covers ranging from Nick Drake's set-opening "No Reply," her stunning mid-set version of "Live to Tell" and a reverent yet deeply personal version of Peter Gabriel's "Here Comes the Flood," Winstone was as impeccable as it's ever been, whether she was adhering to the song's melody or taking it places the original composer might never have imagined possible. Her interaction with the trio made this more than a singer with a backup band; instead, it was a thoroughly egalitarian affair, where Winstone did, indeed, take the front position at times, but elsewhere integrated with Venier and Gesing as if it were a single voice rather than three; and, of course, both Venier and Gesing had opportunities to shine individually as well.
Venier remains, in fact, a largely hidden treasure: a pianist who, like fellow countryman and ECM label mate Stefano Bollani
, possesses a quick, sharp wit and was a mischievous presence throughout the set, imbuing songs like "Ator, Ator"written by the pianist and sung by WInstone, to perfection, in an Italian dialect endemic to his hometown of Udine, Italywith a constant sense of surprise. The song also demonstrated that this trio didn't need a percussionist because, between Gesing's extended tonguing technique, Venier's inside the box work and Winstone's vocal approach, they suddenly turned into a percussion trio before returning to their generally lyrical disposition.
Early in the set WInstone joked about having CDs for sale, hoping that people would buy them so she wouldn't have to bring them home with her. She needn't have worried. Following a set that will easily rank as one of the festival's best this year, with all three members of the trio at the merchandise table signing CDs after the show, not only was there not a single copy left for her to take with her, she could have actually sold more if she'd had them. June 28: Partisans
While normally taking the night before heading to Montreal off to finish writing up the Ottawa report, with Britain's Partisans hitting the Fourth Stage at 6:00PM, an exception clearly had to be made. At Jazzahead! 2011 in Bremen Germany, catching just 15 minutes of a 30-minute showcase
was sufficient to list it as one of the year's best live performances
. So given 70 minutes or so and a new record to deliver, Swamp
(Whirlwind Recordings, 2014)not due for release until late September, but with copies available for sale during a North American tour that took the group across the continent, from Vancouver to Ottawa, from Seattle to New York and from Toronto to Montrealhow did a full Partisans performance match up to those 15 incendiary minutes in Germany three years ago?
From the first moments of "Flip the Sneck"Swamp
's opening track and the group's set opener at the Fourth Stageit was clear that that energy was not only still there, but it was ratcheted up even further while, at the same time, being paced for the demands of a longer set. From saxophonist Julian Siegel
's cowbell trade-off with drummer Gene Calderazzo
, bassist Thaddeus Kelly
and guitarist Phil Robson
's stop/start response, "Flip the Sneck" led into some Afro-beat guitar playing that, in true Partisans style, morphed into a greasy half-time bit of funk, shifting gears yet again for Siegel's first impressive solo of the night.
And a good one it was, too, as he navigated the tune's generous changes with the kind of effortless aplomb that's given the group the title of "godfathers of the new wave of British Jazz." After Siegel was finished the tune turned back to the half-time funk for a solo from Robson that, once again, found the guitarist employing what is, quite possibly, the ugliest fuzz tone in jazz, delivering a blinding solo that matched Siegel's, note for energetic note.
"It's quite a responsibility to live up to, this 'godfathers of the new wave of British jazz,'" said Robson later in the set, as he and Siegel, in addition to trading solos, also shared the duty of introducing the music to its audience. "We're not that old yet," he said, as he introduced "Thin Man," also from Swamp
and built, as he described in a recent All About Jazz interview
also featuring Siegelthe two representing the group's principle composersas "playing around with these shapesthese quite dissonant little shapeson the guitar, and somehow there was something kind of scientific or geometric about them." Indeed, the opening patterns were both dissonant and somehow mathematical in conception, but as the song continued it opened up into a fierier 6/8 pulse that was bolstered by Kelly and Calderazzo, underpinning impressive solos from both Robson and Siegel.
Siegel's "Flip the Sneck"which Siegel described to the roughly half-full Fourth Stage audience as "a Northern English term that even we don't know what it means (despite, in the interview, explaining that ..."a sneck is actually a northern English/Scottish word for a latch on a door and this comes from a gig we did in Nottingham, and there's a promoter there who'd say, about the dressing room, 'Can you flip the sneck on the way out?' And for us it was like, 'What the hell are you talking about? We've no idea what you're talking about.' So, it's just an expression that somehow reminds me of home")along with Robson's "Thin Man," were just two of five songs that the group played from Swamp
, the other three compositions culled from their previous four recordings including the high energy title track to Sourpuss
(Babel, 2000) and, from the same album, the initially dark-hued but ultimately brightly swinging "The Missing Link," as well as "Wise Child," which Siegel explained was written as a dedication to Wayne Shorter
and, taken from the group's third album Max
(Babel, 2006), closed out the group's Ottawa set on a high note.
Partisans albums manage to capture some of the group's energy and synergistic interplay, but there's something that happens in performance that the group has yet to capture in the studio; maybe a live album would be the next logical step? Robson, using a single multi-purpose effects pedal that not only continued to give him one of the truly ugliest distortions ever heard on a jazz record ("That's the nicest thing anyone's ever said to me," Robson replied, laughing, in the interview), but a wah wah, pitch shifter and ring modulator as well, assuming considerable responsibility has he provided linear counterpoint or unison with Siegel and/or Kelly as well as chordal support that, in some cases, like the title track from Swamp
, moved comfortably into '70s-era electric Miles Davis
territory, but with less intrinsic density and clearer solo delineation.
At times shifting textures constantlyfrom atmospheric wah wah tones reminiscent of "He Loved Him Madly," from Davis' Get Up With It
(Columbia, 1974), to locking in ring modulation for an oblique solo that turned more consonant when he shifted to a harmonized and overdriven tone for some lightning-fast phrases that seemed almost impossible were it not for the evidence in front of the audience's eyes and ears, before suddenly cueing to a knotty unison line that served as the launching point for one of Siegel's best solos of the evening, bolstered by Kelly and Calderazzo's high velocity funk groove and Robson's tremolo-drenched chordal support.
Partisans' music, almost by definition, shifts gears constantlyclearly something that keeps things interesting for the band, which has to be fully on its toes at all times since any one of its four members can signal a shift onto which the rest must somehow grab hold. But while lesser groups might sound unfocused or uncertain of who and what they are, Partisans possesses a clear identity and an unmistakable sound that somehow manages to transcend all the perils that the group seems to put regularly in its way with full intent. And if it's almost impossible to describe what, exactly, Partisans isamalgamating, as it does, everything from African and Caribbean influences to modernistic expansions of the jazz tradition and, when the group rocks out, doing so with complete and utter authority and credibilitytruly matters not.
What Partisans appears to be is four of Britain's finest playersdrummer Calderazzo may be American born, but he's lived in the UK for more than 15 years now and so, like Canadian expat Kenny Wheeler
and former American-resident bassist/Whirlwind Records label head Michael Janisch
, who also now makes London his home, fully qualifies as part of the British scene even if his accent still speaks unequivocally of New Yorkwho have, across five recordings in 17 years, defined an inimitable style that seems to get better every time the group takes a break for other projects, like Robson's transatlantic The Immeasurable Code
(Whirlwind, 2011) and Siegel's equally impressive Urban Theme Park
(Basho, 2011), inevitably bringing experiences gained back to the group to be incorporated into the Partisans sound.
With a reputation already firmly cemented in the UK, Partisans may have been dealing with the unusual position of playing at venues and festivals in North America where it is relatively unknown, but if its Ottawa performance is any indication, not only does the group understand that an audience is built a few people at a time, but that it can leave Ottawa for Montreal the next morning confident some new fans have, indeed, been madefans who may not have known who the group was prior to its 6:00PM performance, but have now been converted to the cause and will follow the group's next steps as it approaches the release of Swamp
at the end of September. Wrap-Up
While there have been some superb shows across the board at the TD Ottawa Jazz Festival's various venues, the award for best series of 2014 most certainly has to go to the Improv Invitational
series at the National Arts Centre's Fourth Stage. It's hard to believe that, only a decade ago, the series did not exist and there was no real forum for groups like Partisans, Sun Rooms, Harris Eisenstadt
's Golden State or the 23 other performers that delivered shows in the festival's most intimate venue. Kudos to the festival for realizing that there are
enough people in a city the size of Ottawa to justify taking the risk of bringing some of the more left-of-center groups to participate. Sure, the main stage acts are the big ticket events upon which the festival's reputation with much of its audience relies; but without venues like the Fourth Stage, the NAC Studio, Dominion-Chalmers Church and the Laurier Avenue Canadian Music Stage, there wouldn't be the tremendous breadth and depth that has, over the past few years, increasingly positioned the TD Ottawa Jazz Festival as one of the go-to destinations for jazz fans looking for a varied program that truly delivers something for everyone.
And, as ever, the festival would not be able to succeed without the hundreds of volunteers whose goal is clearly to make the event as pleasant as possible for fans, media and other guests of the festival. And as the festival looks to adjust its program to meet increasing financial and demographic demands, the relatively small core group of people that manage the festival year 'round may come under scrutiny at times but invariably deliver, whether it's top-notch programming, superb treatment of media or ears that are always open to the wants of its fan base. If proof need be found, just look at the nightly jam sessionrun this year by the core trio of bassist John Geggie
, guitarist Roddy Ellias
and drummer Nick Fraser
. Only last year the late night jams were in jeopardy of being shut down, until the outcry of many regular festival goers made clear that they held significant value. That Executive Producer Catherine O'Grady actually listened to regular festival goers and found a way to quickly reinstate it is a credit to her...and to the entire staff of the TD Ottawa Jazz Festival.
With 2015 representing another significant milestone for the festival as it approaches its 35th year, exactly how it will celebrate this milestone is as yet uncertain but, based on this year's program, one thing is certain: there will be plenty of jazz for those who want it, and plenty of tangential or extracurricular programming to bring in more people to a festival that clearly understands the challenges that not only face its survival, but the survival of all jazz festivals across the continent.
Photo Credit: John R. Fowler Days 1-2
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