John Scofield is one of the world's most influential and respected guitarists, a musician and composer who has worked with many of the greatest names in jazz: Chet Baker, Gary Burton, Billy Cobham, Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Charles Mingus, Gerry Mulligan and scores of others. His 30 plus solo recordings have taken his fans on a remarkably wide-ranging musical journeyfrom straight ahead jazz, bebop, and fusion, to funky experimental outings with Medeski, Scofield, Martin, and Wood, and even gospel jazz fusion with his Piety Street Band. On his current album 54 (Emarcy, 2010), he is backed by a 50 plus piece orchestra, complete with strings, harps, brass, and woodwinds, and, as always, he somehow manages to play in a way that appeals to jazz aficionados and discerning guitarheads.
Fans of Soulive, Phil Lesh & Friends, Govt. Mule, and John Mayer are well aware that John Scofield is an exciting and soulful player, and this ability to be true to himself as a serious jazz artist, while also appealing to rock, R&B, and blues fans is what makes him so special. After watching him (@ Moogis.com) blow the roof off the Beacon when he sat in with the Allman Brothers Band on March 18, 2011, I thought it would be fascinating to talk to this jazz icon about coming of age in the '60s & '70s and get his take on the icons of blues rock. So this interview was conducted just a few days after that event.
All About Jazz: First, as a blues fan I want to tell you how much I love your album Piety Street (2009, Universal Music). It's one of those recordings where everything just seems to have fit together perfectly, from the material and musicians down to the great cover art. And the fact that you decided to do a gospel album in New Orleans and actually ended up in a studio on Piety Street, it just doesn't get any better than that.
John Scofield: Yeah, it was one of those things, almost like being helped from above.It was also so much fun doing that record. Of course I knew the studio was on Piety Street, but it really didn't register until I got down there.
AAJ: Jon Cleary was a great choice, it's uncanny that a guy from England sings and plays piano like someone who grew up in the 9th Ward, and if that weren't enough, he's a fine guitarist.
JS:Jon Cleary is just a major talent, and we did a year of touring after the album came out. It was wonderful working with him and he's just become a great friend. He's actually been into it for a long time, his story is rather interesting. His father and uncle were way into the music of New Orleans when he was a kid. So he grew up with New Orleans music playing around the house all the time, and his uncle was a musician. His sister was also really into it and had already moved down there, so when he was about age eighteen he was already playing and singing it, and at this point he's lived down there for a long time.
AAJ: You've also had John Boutté who famously sings the theme song for HBO's mini-series Treme. Have you had a chance to watch it, and are there any plans for you to appear in an episode?
JS: Yes, that's so great. We actually recorded Peity Street before that, and I was so happy to see that they used his music for the series. I actually watched one of the episodes with Jon Cleary in it, it's very good. They haven't asked me, but I'll be there if they want me.
AAJ: You seem to have retained a rock energy when you need it, but other than a bit of B.B. King I can't spot a particular influence from a blues or rock player. Were there any rock or blues player you listened to in your early years who had a lasting influence on you?
JS: So first, there is influence, and then there are also people whom you like and respect. I liked and respected all of the blues players, and they all kind of played a bit like B.B. King, Otis Rush, Albert King and Freddie King. And I loved those guys, and Hendrix and Clapton, and I was a teenager when that first came out.
I started playing guitar at the end of 1963 just before the Beatles came over. [Laughing] I think I had my guitar out holding it when I was watching the Beatles on television on the Ed Sullivan Show.
AAJ: After you got your first guitar, how long did it take until you were in a band?
JS: Probably while I was still 12, it was your typical teenage band and I probably kept at it until I was about 16, when I started to play jazz. We played little dances and teen clubs and that kind of thing. We weren't famous or anything, but we were having a blast.
AAJ: How about you as a child of the '50s, were you aware of the early rock and rollers prior to the British invasion?
JS: I had an older sister, so I remember the dawn of rock and roll. I remember my sister had those little 45 records, and I also remember when Elvis was on TV for the first time. I was really little and still living in Dayton, Ohio, before we moved East. So I was about four or five years old, it must have been on the old Steve Allen Show [July, 1956.]
And I remember my mother said before this, "Your aunt in Jackson, Mississippi heard Elvis sing." I had family down there, but as an adult I remember thinking that can't be true, because she said he sang gospel from the back of a flatbed truck. But later on I found out it was true. But experiencing rock and roll through my sister was a great thing, through her records I got to peep into the world of a teenager even though I was really little.
And you know that early rock and roll had so much of the New Orleans feel, to me that feeling is the greatest. And actually it is very akin to jazz.
AAJ: This makes me think of something, do you know Louie Shelton? He actually met and saw Elvis Presley when he performed at his high school.
JS: This is amazing, I know you did an article with him, and yes he came to one of my gigs in Australia and we met. We talked and he told me about his incredible life storyand that Elvis story is just unbelievable.
And I also know another guy who grew up down there and drives for this car service up here, and it was the same story, he knew Elvis and heard him at dances down there.
AAJ: Do you remember when you first discovered Jimi Hendrix?
JS: I remember it well, I was listening to a little transistor radio in my bedroom in the dark. Somebody played "Fire" and it just killed me, so I went out and bought that first record. I knew it was psychedelic rock, but I got the guitar playing. It wasn't blues, but it was somehow still the same thing.
AAJ: A lot of the early British groups get some well-deserved credit for helping American teenagers discover the blues. A few years back a Mike Bloomfield compilation came out that included some blues demos he made way back in 1964 when he was a very young guy. It's actually pretty astonishing what he was putting down. Do you remember when he registered on your radar?
JS: You know, I remember going to the record store when the first Paul Butterfield album was out, and I just bought it without hearing it, because it looked all serious, and that's when I was first getting into blues. I don't remember what year that was,  but that's really when I started getting into blues, when that album was brand new.
I think the Mike Bloomfield story is really amazing, you know he went to the South Side of Chicago with his nanny, or was it the maid. He was from a wealthy family, and to think he got to hang out with Muddy Waters when he was a kid! So yeah, Bloomfield and Butterfield were at it before the British thing was happening. You know those white kids from Chicago, they got to hear the real shit.
AAJ: What did you think of his tone and his sound?
JS: You know what, I've got to go back and listen to that again, because I haven't listened to it since way back then. But I loved that record, but I haven't gone back to reassess him. You know it's different with Clapton because he's still around, and Hendrix is still everywhere, but I haven't heard Bloomfield in so long, so I've got to go back and check it out, but in the '60s I loved it.
AAJ: What were some of the other memorable rock concerts from your teenage years?
JS: You know, I heard Cream at their first appearance in New York at the Murry the K show. He had these variety showsthree shows a day with ten bands, and each band would play two tunes. It was a holdover from the R&B days, you know like he would have Little Anthony and the Imperials and Marvin Gay. But then he started to bring in English groups like the Who and Cream, and I remember the Cream played two tunes. So I was into Clapton when that stuff was coming out.
Led Zeppelin came along too late, so I never got to see them, I wish I had. But I remember hanging out at the Roxy in Los Angeles and John Bonham was there with his roadies. I was in Billy Cobham's band at the time, this was probably 1975 and they were still around, and I remember thinking it would be cool to hang out with John Bonham, but I didn't.
I remember seeing Jeff Beck at the Fillmore with Rod Stewart on vocals. That pretty much killed me, and of course his playing with the Yardbirds had blown me away. I heard as many bands as I could.
AAJ: Did you make it up to Woodstock?
JS: No, but I had a ticket. Friday was still a school day, and my plan was that my Dad would lend me the car to go on Saturday, but by then the turnpikes were all clogged and my Dad convinced me not to go.
But in the suburbs we would get bands, Cream and the Doors both played at high schools in my hometown. So I heard both of those bands in a high school auditorium! I also heard the Lovin' Spoonful which was a popular band, and I remember them.
One of the greatest experiences, and a life-changing experience for me, was when Sly and the Family Stone first came out with "Dance to the Music". They played at the Longshore country club in Norwalk, Connecticut. "Dance to the Music" was on the radio and their first album was out, but I hadn't heard it. So I went to this thing, and it was a ballroom with space for about 300 people. And at this country club they kicked ass in a way I'll never forget.
That blew me away, it was unbelievable, when they started, their first tune was "Stand, " you know that anticipation counting it off, 1,2,3,4 "stand"and that just took me on a trip.
So they played at my high school and my friend was in the audio/visuals department and he taped it on a Wollensak reel-to-reel. I would go over to his house all the time and listen to thatI wish I had a copy of it now, it was the Rascals doing their club repertoire. It was a lot of the stuff that was on their first album like "Midnight Hour," "Mustang Sally" and all that stuff. And it wasjust kick-ass, and so funky.
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