| Day 2
| Day 3
Day two of the Portland Jazz Festival (PDX Jazz) was a bit of a rarity, with the sun burning away a thick layer of early morning fog, and temperatures rising to the mid-60s. But the majority of the heat was generated indoors, with a number of outstanding performances, and the continuation of the ECM Jazz Roundtable. Chapter Index
ECM Roundtable: Cover Art
- ECM Roundtable: Cover Art
- Jazz Dialogue: Charles Lloyd
- Diego Ramirez
- Geri Allen Trio
- Trygve Seim
- Don Byron
- Dave Douglas Quintet
The subject for the day's ECM Roundtable was cover art. In addition to ECM's Steve Lake and Tina Pelikan, writers Josef Woodard and Neil Tesser and writer/moderator Howard Mandel, the panel also included Dorothy Darr (wife of Charles Lloyd, co-producer of the woodwind multi-instrumentalist's releases since 2000's The Water is Wide
, and overseer of cover art and graphics) as well as Portland resident Dave Anolik, Vice President and Creative Director of Quango Design and Marketing.
Anolik kicked off the roundtable with a remarkable presentation that brought together almost all of ECM's nearly 1000 covers, grouping them into various themes (eg. triangle, water, sky, typography). Most striking was the revelation that these themes often spanned many years and were not linked closely together. This apparent disunity brought the discussion back to the auteur issuewhether there was a specific plan with respect to these various themes or whether it was a more organic process, something that emerged more out of the label (and, specifically, Eicher's) aesthetic.
Another interesting point regarding cover design came via Gary Burton, who had shed some light on the subject during a dinner on Thursday evening with some of the participants. In the early days, partly as a cost-saving effort, Eicher would have books of artwork and, rather than commissioning an artist or photographer to create something to be used, the artists would have the opportunity to go through the collection of pieces and "reserve" one for their next release. Burton explained how there was a distinct advantage to this, as it was possible to see something that linked in some way to the music, rather than hoping a commissioned artist would get it right.
The fact that, unlike most classical recordings, the ECM New (or composed) Series releases rarely have liner notes and, if they do, rarely address the music directly, came up as an omission that also differentiates the regular (or improvised) series from other labels. Eicher believes the music should speak for itself and that there are plenty of places to seek informative background, enabling the label to shift its focus from words to more aesthetic matters.
There was some discussion about the changing landscape of music deliveryfrom the vinyl days, where album covers were 12"x12" to the CD which, despite the reduced scale of covers, offers expanded opportunities for imparting information or integrating creative visuals through booklets. However, the next prospectoffering music in downloadable formwas seen as a threat, potentially eliminating artwork altogether.
For a label that views its musical releases as complete packages integrating music with visual art, this is a significant and potentially distressing development, as is the idea of selling single songs off CDs on which much effort has gone into programmingthe sequencing of the material so that the entire disc has a defined narrative arc. Still, over the course of 38 years ECM has stuck to its aesthetic, choosing not to bow to the pressures of marketplace trends, and ultimately been the stronger for it. Jazz Dialogue: Charles Lloyd
Following the roundtable discussion the audience was treated to a jazz dialogue with Charles Lloyd. It was more a monologue than a dialogue; Lloyd delivered a stream-of-consciousness series of anecdotes that sometimes seemed tenuously linked but were always intriguing.
Swedish bassist Anders Jormin once spoke about working with Lloyd throughout the 1990s: "His directions were very typical Charles LloydI can give you an example from my first rehearsal, which I'll never forget. He looked at me and said, 'Give me some St. Petersburg.' That was what he wanted to hear from me, and I was of course, quite unsure. What kind of music is that? And another, 'Take me to India.' Most of his instructions were so emotional and colored by his imagination and his way of thinking musically, so what they actually meant, both for me and for [pianist] Bobo [Stenson], was, 'Go ahead guys, and play what you think fits the simple sketch I've done.'" Lloyd's humble and self-effacing manner was instantly charming, even if some of his comments were equally cryptic, such as "I think it's beautiful to go down with the ship."
Along with stories about hanging in New York in the '50s with his high school friend Booker Little, Lloyd also was clear about the many reasons he chose, when coming back to performing in the late 1980s, to pass on labels offering more money and go with ECMand continue a relationship now nearing its 20th year. Lloyd recounted how he was told that Eicher was a straightforward and honest person. He spoke of receiving a contract from an unspecified label that was forty pages of legalese, as opposed to working with ECM, where there are no long-term contracts, each album based on an agreement almost as simple as a handshake. And, looking forward to the following day's roundtable on The Myth of the ECM Sound, Lloyd spoke of the detail and clarity of the recordingsof the ability to hear every nuance. "ECM makes music that sounds like my ears hear it," he said. Diego Ramirez
There were other educational streams throughout the day (as there were on previous and subsequent days), which made it necessary to pick and choose. The performance schedule began at 1 pm with pianist Geri Allen (who would also appear the following day with Charles Lloyd) and her trio with bassist Kenny Davis and legendary drummer Jimmy Cobb.
But before Allen and her trio took the stage, PDX Jazz Artistic Director Bill Royston introduced a short solo performance by the young Mexican pianist Diego Ramirez. Royston made a point of describing the somewhat insurmountable obstacles that Ramirez has faced in getting his music heard, not the least being the American government's restrictions on Mexicans entering the country on work visasRamirez was only permitted to stay in the US for five days.
Ramirez made the most of his brief set, allowing the audience to see that he's an artist with plenty of potential. On a series of largely original compositions, the pianist demonstrated impeccable technique, a broad emotional and dynamic range, and an understanding of the jazz tradition. Like many young Latino performers these days, including pianists Edward Simon and Luis Perdomo, Ramirez integrates his own cultural heritage within that tradition, creating something new and exciting from a shared musical base.
If there was a flaw in Ramirez's work, it's that the combination of his youthful exuberance and his playing, in front of a festival audience like this for the first time, caused him to come across as too busy, as if he had something to prove. Still, one could forgive such shortcomings, especially on his three-part suite "Eras," which he introduced as his impression of three different aspects of Mexican history. It was the highlight of a set that also included a taste of Monk and, at times, an almost encyclopedic approach. From its tumultuous beginning to the more lamenting finish, it best demonstrated Ramirez's ability to traverse considerable territory, from a delicate touch to great power.
Ramirez is clearly someone to watch, but let's hope that the immigration and work visa laws that currently hamstring this promising young artist can be relaxed so that he can gain the practical experience and maturity that will come from playing to the larger audiences he deserves. Geri Allen Trio
Allen's discography as a leader goes back nearly 25 years, and along with Lloyd, she's worked with everyone from M-Base Collective saxophonist Steve Coleman to genre-busting bassist Me'Shell Ndegeocello, drummer Ralph Peterson and her husband, Wallace Roneywho takes the music of Miles Davis and John Coltrane as a starting point, but moves it forward into contemporary times. It would be unfair to judge her as an accomplished female pianist, though there's no doubt that she stands out among her peers. Recent albums, including the trio date The Life of a Song
(Telarc, 2004) and the more ambitious in scope Timeless Portraits and Dreams
(Telarc, 2006), provide examples of an artist who transcends artificial boundaries and interprets her own music (as well as others') in a way that's deeply personal, emotional and resonant.
Allen performed mostly material from her latest disc, opening with a spiritual that began as a piano solo but evolved into a modal vamp under which the instruments of Davis and Cobb gradually coalesced as a firm anchor. Exemplifying the advantages and effects of tension and release, Allen and the trio would gradually build to intense, unsettling potency, ultimately relaxing into a more defined swing that was met with an almost palpable sigh of relief from the audience.
It's no surprise that Cobb would be a sympathetic rhythm partner to Allen's well-constructed solos. Davis possessed a warm and robust tone that worked well behind Allen's often cascading ebb and flow, but was also a foundation for his relatively few solo opportunities. On "Our Lady (for Billie Holiday)" the trio appearing to draw to a close more than once, only to find its way back into another round of collective interplay.
Whether playing more changes-based pieces or working the two-chord vamp of "Unconditional Love," the trio never lost sight of the inherent demands of the material itself. Allen's reinvention of Stevie Wonder's "Tears of a Clown" was one of many high pointsinnovatively reharmonized, yet still almost reverential toward its memorable melody. The trio also put its own stamp on the standard "Embraceable You," embodying a clear respect for tradition but remaining completely contemporary.
The set closed with a Charles Lloyd tune, "Sweet Georgia Bright," that Allen would reprise with the saxophonist the next day, demonstrating vividly how a different rhythm section can completely reshape a tune. Cobb is less immediately responsive than Lloyd's drummer, Eric Harland, and his approach to a groove is more rooted in a tradition that he helped to define. Allen's trio seemed to take a less freewheeling approach to the composition that was just as compelling, resulting in a well-deserved encore. Trygve Seim
One challenge that any festival organizer faces is finding the right venue for a performance. PDX Jazz couldn't have picked a better location for Norwegian saxophonist Trygve Seim's North American debut than the First Congregational Church. While there was a PA system to ensure that a proper mix made it out to the audience, the sound of the room was equally importantSeim's soprano soared into every nook and cranny of the place.
There were some last-minute crises to be managed for Seim's performance. A number of players had to be recruited at the last minute, because members of his regular ten-piece ensemble were unable to make the trip across the Atlantic. Still, with only one rehearsal the day before the performance, you'd never know that this group had a number of late-comers, including clarinetist Christof May, who should be known to listeners who have followed the career of singer Susanne Abbuehl on ECM.
There were also a number of Seim regulars, including percussionist Per Oddvar Johansen and trombonist Oyvind Brække, both of whom work with him in the more democratic collective The Source. Also on hand was accordionist Frode Haltli, who has been making a name for himself by stretching his instrument far beyond convention.
Arve Henriksen wasn't there, but in his place was Mathias Eick, an up-and-coming young trumpeter who has worked together with Seim in the quintets of both Finnish pianist/harpist Iro Haarla and drummer Manu Katché. Eick delivered one of the set's most stunning solos, receiving a well-deserved standing ovation from an audience which may not have known what it was going to hear, but was clearly taken with the experience.
Seim drew equally from three sources: his two ECM recordingsDifferent Rivers
(2000) and Sangam
(2005) and portions of a commissioned work from the Norwegian Voss Festival. Opening with "Ulrikas Dans" from Different Rivers
, Seim demonstrated how a relatively simple theme can be used to create a longer piece that combines counterpoint with shifting textures achieved through different instrumental combinations. His ensemble was comprised of bassoon/contrabass bassoon, cello, tenor/soprano/bass saxophones, trumpet, accordion, clarinet/bass clarinet, trombone, tuba and percussion. Seim's music is detailed in structure, yet it allows room for improvisationsometimes integrated so seamlessly that it's almost impossible to differentiate between form and freedom, elsewhere sounding more clearly delineated.
Seim took few solos himself, but when he did, it was clear that while his style is his own, he has been influenced by Jan Garbarek, especially with respect to his studied attention to tone. Still, while Garbarek sounds like nothing but a saxophonist, Seim has clearly been influenced, both sonically and in terms of phrasing, by the Armenian duduk and Japanese shakuhachi.
Seim's music also references the innovative writing of the late Finnish Edward Vesala (with whom he worked in the drummer/composer's latter years), but it's rarely as extreme or chaotic. That's not to say there isn't something of the simmering and sometimes overtly energetic about his music, but for every composition that approaches a stronger dynamic, there's one of sublime beautylike the plaintive (and aptly named) "Sorrows."
The majority of the performance featured the full ensemble, but one of the most moving and revealing moments involved a trio featuring tuba, bass saxophone and percussion. The ability of two such deep instruments to sound so beautiful highlighted Seim's ability to conceptualize sound in unique ways. But the unfamiliar mix also demonstrated Seim's ability to choose group-mates who are capable of thinking far outside the box with respect to their instrument's potential. Tubaist Per Åke Holmlander, in particular, combined all manner of extended techniques into a richly textured and remarkable solo spot.
Some may ask the following question after a performance like Seim's: is this jazz? Considering the formal structure of Seim's writing, and the fact that his harmonic approach rarely relates to the language of jazz as many know it, the answer might seem to be a resounding negative. But the immediate question that follows is this: does it matter? Seim may not swing, but his unconventional group moves with a rhythm all its own. There's little that relates to the blues roots of American jazz, but there are plenty of blue colors all the same.
No doubt, if one is forced to apply a single label to Seim's music, jazz is the best possible choice. But as much as artists like Seim challenge reductionist definitions of jazz, it's clear that he is setting a new and distinct path from which jazz is but one of a number of base elements. And based on the audience's response to music that, for many of them, was a new experience, it's a direction that, with its strong resonance and layered disclosures of new musical meanings, holds great appeal.