As befits a legend, Louis Armstrong
had two birthdays. He always said with a smile that he was born on the 4th of July, 1900. His baptismal birth certificate gave another, less romantic dateAugust 4, 1901. Honoring the man who taught the world to swing," this week we hear from people who knew and worked with him, listen to historic recordings and performances by The Jim Cullum Jr.
Jazz Band. Among those we hear are record producer George Avakian
, Metropolitan Opera star Robert Merrill, former Armstrong All-Star Peanuts Hucko
and Roger Glenn
, son of his trombonist Tyree Glenn
The program is distributed in the US by Public Radio International, on Sirius/XM sattelite radio and can be streamed on- demand from the Riverwalk Jazz website
Over the decades, visitors to The Landing in San Antonio couldn't miss a five-foot-high photo of a youthful Jim Cullum blowing his cornet, standing next to an admiring Louis Armstrong. Taken in 1965 at the San Antonio airport, Armstrong had arrived to play a concert gig in town, when Jim, along with his father and their Band, rolled out the red carpet and hot jazz for Louis. Next to the airport shot, hung a reproduction of the famous Louis Armstrong quote heard at the end of every Riverwalk Jazz broadcast, Jazz is played from the heart. You can even live by it. Always love it."
In the 21st century, Armstrong's identity as the single most important innovator in the history of jazz is hidden by the mask of his continuing pop stardom. Not long ago, his instantly recognizable voice was heard on the sound track of a national TV commercial, a brief fragment of his Give Me a Kiss to Build a Dream On." On cable TV one can still view the eleven feature-length films in which he appeared, including The Five Pennies
with Danny Kaye; High Society
with Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra
and Bing Crosby
; and Hello Dolly
with Barbra Streisand.
The story of Armstrong's fame tracks the story of jazz itself. Building on the work of his New Orleans mentorJoe King Oliver
Louis began to attract widespread attention with his Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings made in 1920s Chicago. There was an important stint with the Fletcher Henderson
Orchestra in New York in 1924, after which his deep influence on New York jazz musicians is well-documented on recordings. The entire Swing Era of the 1930s would be unthinkable without the rhythmically advanced, bravura solo style that Louis invented and documented a decade earlier in Chicago.
The bright light of Louis' genius lit up the far corners of America's musical landscape in the 1930s, when Jim Cullum's father, Jim Sr., was growing up in Dallas. Jim says, Louis had a deep impact upon my father one summer day in 1931. As a budding 16-year-old clarinetist, he was taken by the hand by several older musicians to listen to a wind-up Victrola pump out Armstrong's When You're Smiling." It was a moment of epiphany. Life was never the same and Dad set out obsessed to acquire every Armstrong recording. As things went along, Dad was driven to become a professional clarinetist/saxophonist. Later, as a member of the Jack Teagarden
Orchestra, he, along with Jack, had opportunities to jam with Armstrong in after- hours sessions at a St. Louis black and tan" clubit was a great thrill for him."
It is the immortal West End Blues"as well as a host of other hidden" Armstrong masterworksthat Jim Cullum chooses to present to Landing audiences every night and on the radio every week. Armstrong thought of himself as an entertainer very much in the mainstream of show business." He wrote,
I never tried to prove nothing, just always wanted to give a good show. My life has been my music; it's always come first, but the music ain't worth nothing if you can't lay it on the public. The main thing is to live for that audience, 'cause what you're there for is to please the people."
We're forced to confront Louis' desire to please his audience, not only to explain the sentimental What a Wonderful World," one of his best known works todaybut the high- octane solo trumpet flight of West End Blues" as well. Each work, though very different and produced over 40 years apart, provides a direct, authentic emotional connection to Louis himself, qualities which suffuse all of Louis Armstrong's recorded work, in whatever medium he appears 110 years after his birth.
The growing number of jazz fans who never saw Armstrong perform live may encounter him today in one of his several guisespioneering jazz trumpet player, singer, movie actor, songwriter, author, and pop-culture icon. In each of these, Louis Armstrong's message, the joy and warmth of his rhythm and sound, still go straight to our hearts.