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Joe Lovano: Inimitable Streams of Expression

Angela Davis By

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My recordings reflect who I am, where I've been. They also project where I want to go. I think jazz is about your personal experiences, and the way they come out in your personal story. It has to be as wide as your scope about life and music and people.
Penned as "one of the greatest musicians in jazz history," saxophonist Joe Lovano has successfully created a unique voice within the jazz tradition and has contributed significantly to the continuance and development of the idiom.

In just over a quarter of a century he has created an expansive body of work that has covered a broad spectrum of styles. This includes swing, bebop, hard-bop, post-bop, the avant-garde and interpretations of the music of Frank Sinatra and Enrico Caruso. He has explored an array of group settings, including duo with drums, the coveted trio with drums and bass, numerous quartets, a two-drummer quintet, nonets and a full symphony orchestra. Add to this his unique exploration of unconventional woodwinds, including the alto clarinet, wood flute, and the aulochrome (the first polyphonic saxophone invented specifically for him), it becomes readily apparent that his body of work is unique and multidimensional.

Not only has Lovano created a distinctive voice within the tradition, he has created a voice that is arguably inimitable due his extremely wide scope of influences and his constant endeavor to play spontaneously both in practice and performance.

All About Jazz: Can you talk about growing up under the tutelage of your father, saxophonist Tony Lovano?

Joe Lovano: My dad was a real hot player, like an Illinois Jacquet and Gene Ammons style of player. He heard Lester Young live, heard Charlie Parker live, and he had a wispy thing about his playing also that came from Lester. But he liked to play "Flying Home," those kind of tunes and things, also. He was a real bebopper. My dad was born in 1925 and John Coltrane and Miles Davis were born in 1926. So he grew up in that same swing, modern jazz, free jazz world. In the early 50's my dad played a jam session with Coltrane in Cleveland. Coltrane was playing in a band with Guy Cross. It was kind of a blues band, and they were in Cleveland for a while, maybe months. So my dad met Coltrane, played a jam session with him. You know, with local cats and all that.

From that time on, he loved Coltrane and had all his records. Growing up, I heard the whole spectrum of Coltrane's career, in a way. He passed away in 1967 and I was born in 1952, so when I was a teenager, my dad had Kulu Se Mama (Impulse!, 1965), and Meditations (Impulse!, 1965) as well as the Prestige Records—Soultrane (1958), Giant Steps (Atlantic, 1960), and all those things. Later, when I went to Berklee, I bought a Coltrane transcription book, gave it to my dad for Christmas. When I came home the next time he was playing "Locomotion," and all these solos, he was practicing all these things. I gave him this book, and before I knew it he was playing all those transcriptions from the Blue Train (Blue Note, 1957) record. Because he knew the record, but didn't really play in that kind of notey way. But I gave him all this stuff to practice, and he was playing the heck out of all of it. Which was really far out because I hadn't even really studied it like that—especially that "Locomotion" solo.

AAJ: You often suggest to saxophone players that they should try to emulate other instrumentalists such as trumpet players or drummers. I was wondering whom the main instrumentalists are that you've studied, apart from saxophone players.

JL: Well, a lot of trumpet players. Miles, for sure, was—and still is—a major influence as far as melody. How he could stretch out. He could make four choruses sound like one time through the melody. Miles did some crazy stuff where he stretched out melodies over longer periods, rather than playing the melody by rote, real quick one time through. He would take three, four choruses, and play the melody once, somehow. I don't know. Ben Webster and Lester Young also played with that kind of—I don't know how to put it—almost like a timeless feeling. That there was time happening, but just the way he would say the melody, it would be like speaking, you know? And letting the harmonies move under him, as he was playing over it. Instead of just moving your melodies with the harmonies. Letting the harmonies move, and playing through it a certain way.

That combination, with actually shaping every chord, puts you in a different perspective all the time. And it's also the way you feel the beat. You know to play off a big beat, even though the quarter note is moving four beats to a bar, or however many. The way you're feeling it, you could feel one beat that carries you through two bars, or four bars. Or the way you feel the polyrhythms that come off the big beat. In whatever tempo you're playing, this gives you a foundation to feel the melodies the way you develop it. You're playing really by feel more than metric counting.

I've played drums since I was really young also. So, I've developed within a real poly- rhythmic world on the saxophone, because of playing a lot of drums too. I have to credit that because through the years I've been able to play with so many different drummers, in my career, and playing with cats like Andrew Cyrille, Elvin Jones, Mel Lewis, Paul Motian, Ed Blackwell and all these cats. Everyone has their own feeling, and the way they play with the spaces—melodically. You really realize that the real great drummers are playing melodically. They're not just playing the drums, they're not just playing rhythm, they're feeling all these things, but they're playing in a polyrhythmic world that a lot of horn players don't.

I heard a great interview with Joe Zawinul, who was talking about Ben Webster and how he could play on tunes that were fast tempi, but not have to play fast. He said that Ben was a master at rhythm. That he was one of the few cats that could play on a really fast tempo and not just fly around the horn. He would say something in the beat that was happening around him. When you listen to Ben, he had a lot of personalities from the way he played on bright tempos and hot type tunes. The way he played on the blues, the way he played ballads. His personality took different shapes with the different tempos and moods of the tunes. Ben Webster is another amazing influence in that way.

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