I think my way of helping myself is that I try to really tune in to the others playing, in order to make the unit sound complete.
Submitted on behalf of Riel Lazarus
Over the course of his near 50 years in jazz, there is little ground guitarist Jim Hall has not yet covered. From his stints as sideman for Chico Hamilton, Jimmy Giuffre, Sonny Rollins and Art Farmer, to his countless recordings and tours as leader, Hall has established himself as a veritable jazz institution. And yet despite the breadth of his past exploits, Hall remains as dynamic and productive a player, composer and arranger as ever. In the last decade alone, the unassuming guitarist has released a remarkable nine albums for Telarc Records. No small feat. Jim and his trusty dog Django recently met with AAJ-NY in the den-cum-music room of his quaint West Village apartment.
All About Jazz: Your openness and modesty have long been a hallmark of your playing. Do you think it is important for musicians to be aware of their limitations?
Jim Hall: Yeah, I do. Interestingly, I haven't run into a whole lot of self-centeredness. It's good to have a good sense of one's self. For me it's like a carrot on a string: it's always out there, just out of reach. There's always something new to discover.
AAJ: Do you still get frustrated? Say you're on the bandstand, does it ever feel like your expressions are constricted?
JH: Well, I think my way of helping myself is that I try to really tune in to the others playing, in order to make the unit sound complete. But sure I get frustrated. And then occasionally, I'll finish a night or a set or a tune, and think to myself, "That was okay."
AAJ: How would you describe your role in the ensembles you lead?
JH: I'm really strongly aware of not wanting to fall into a form where there's guitar solo, and then [saxophonist] Greg Osby plays a solo, and then there's a bass solo, and then okay...drums! So I try to break that up. Jimmy Giuffre was great at that. In fact, I think that Jimmy saw the trio we played in as a mobile - with a different facet up front all the time. And it really never sounded like a guitar in the background, or a trombone in the background, or clarinet. It always felt like a unit.
AAJ: You're known as being an especially skilled accompanist. How do you approach this element of your playing?
JH: With Giuffre, he would write little accompaniment parts for me. And I got so I would listen to the texture of the sound, and try to add to it. I love playing rhythm guitar - Freddie Green is my hero - and I play rhythm, a lot of the time, behind a bass solo. I turn my volume way down, so it gives the bassist, I hope, something to react to. And I try not to get in his way. You know, I had these two great lucky things happen to me. One was with Sonny Rollins, and the other was with Art Farmer. Now with Art, I felt that he kind of liked to hear a chord, and then play over it. Sort of comping like a piano. Whereas I felt that Sonny would get annoyed if I tried to lead him harmonically so I'd lay back a second or so, hear where he was going, and then follow. Then the duet playing helped a lot too. Ron Carter has a very harmonic sense so I would stay out of his bass line register, and just build chords off the top. So a lot of it was conscious.
AAJ: How did you approach your collaboration with Bill Evans?
JH: Oddly enough, Bill loved me to play straight rhythm. Bill was so aware of texture that he would almost automatically not use his left hand. Because he would figure, "well, that's covered", and just move on. So I've been aware of accompanying all along, but then sometimes nothing works. I love Joe Lovano - he's an amazing guy, and he's really influenced my playing -but sometimes Joe will play those lengthy solos, and I just run out of ideas. I think, "well, this is getting boring, what I'm playing." So I lay out. (laughs) I get bored with myself!
AAJ: How did you and Sonny Rollins first get together? You were in the midst of a pretty hard spell, work-wise, no?
JH: Yeah, exactly. I was living right down the block here, in a sublet. Sonny had just gotten off of a two year hiatus - trying to get his playing together.
AAJ: Playing on bridges.
JH: Yeah. (laughs) And nothing much was happening. It was weird, because I had done some records, and stuff like that. Well, it felt like nothing much was happening. Anyway, I had met Sonny a few times. I met him when he was with Max Roach and Clifford Brown, and I saw him a few times on the road. So one day I got a note from him in my mailbox. It said, almost word for word, "Dear Jim, I'd like to talk to you about music." So I went down to where he lived. Oh, he must have left an address. He lived right down near the Williamsburg Bridge. And I left him a note saying that I'd love to talk, and that I was home a lot.
AAJ: Amazing that neither of you had a phone.
JH: Mine was turned off. I probably hadn't paid for it. And at the time Sonny was kind of self-contained, or secretive - not aloof at all, but just kind of solitary. Anyhow, we made an arrangement to meet. So the doorbell rang, and we sat down - sort of like we're doing now - and he put this little plastic bag on the table. Anyway, we began to talk, and I noticed the bag started vibrating. So I said, "Sonny, what's in that bag?" He said, "we'll talk about that later, first thing's first." So we talked, and meanwhile the bag continued to move and vibrate. Afterward, he opened it and inside was a little lizard or chameleon he had just bought. He said, "Isn't he great?" (laughs) But he wasn't going to get off the subject before we were done. Isn't that great? That's the kind of mind he has.
I love jazz because it expresses things so deep that I can't transform in words.
I met John Pizzarelli.
The best show I ever attended was MASP in São Paulo Brazil.
The first jazz record I bought was a Baby Dodds CD.
My heroes on drums: Papa Jo Jones, Sid Catlett, Gene Krupa, Baby Dodds, Zutty Singleton, Ray Bauduc, Vernell Fournier,
Shelly Manne, Jimmy Cobb, Joe Morello, Daniel Humair, Kenny Clarke, Sonny Carr, Buddy Rich, Sam Woodyard, Cozy Cole,
Sonny Greer, Neil Peart, Carl Palmer, Tony Sbarbaro, Vic Berton, Edison Machado, Milton Banana, Rubens Barsotti.
My heroes in jazz: Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Chet Baker, Miles Davis, Ahmad Jamal, Coleman Hawkins, Teddy Wilson,
Barney Kessel, Lester Young, Johnny Hodges, Jelly Roll Morton.