is definitely cool, but other non-musical aspects, like nicknames, have created a certain allure or attraction to Jazz, too. Nicknames, especially the stories behind them, are fun, sometimes funny, and other times fascinating.
The immortal Louis Armstrong had at least three of them. Even before jazz was officially a musical form, forerunners of it, such as Charles "Buddy" Bolden, had nicknames. In fact, it seems that the bigger the artist, the quicker he or she gained a nickname.
This list contains a few of those nicknames; if you know of any others or can expand upon the reasons for a given nickname, please send them to us
. Adderley, Julian Edwin --- Cannonball
Actually, Adderley's original nickname was "Cannibal" because of his eating habits. "Cannonball" is merely a bastardization of "Cannibal" and is still a good fit. Ammons, Gene --- Jug
Not sure why the tenor saxophonist was called "Jug." If you know the source of this nickname, please let us know. A reader says that Gene was called "Jug" because he could drink anyone under the table. Armstrong, Louis --- Dipper Mouth, Satchel Mouth, Satchmo, Gate
King Oliver and other early jazz musicians called Louis "Dipper Mouth" or "Satchel Mouth," presumably because of his large mouth. Early in the thirties, Louis visited England and was given his trademark handle "Satchmo" when British fans heard the "Satchel Mouth" tag incorrectly. Billie Holiday called him "Pops." Gate was also used to designate Armstrong at some point.
According to Louis' own book "Satchmo, My Life In New Orleans" reprinted by Ace Books in 1957 (originally published 1955), "Dipper...(that was my nicknameshort for Dippermouth, from the piece called Dippermouth Blues)." It would appear that the name was given to him after the tune which he evidently liked when he was very young. -Bruce Barnett Baker, Chesney H. --- Chet
Chet was probably just a derivation of the Cool trumpeter's first name. If his parents didn't bestow this nickname on Chet, he probably did himself at an early age. Basie, William --- Count
In his autobiography, "Good Morning Blues," he writes that he wanted to become part of the "jazz royalty of the time"among them Duke Ellington, King Oliver, Earl Hines and Baron Leeso he took the name 'Count.' This was in the late 1920s. Beiderbecke, Leon --- Bix
As an astute reader puts it, "Bix's real name was Leon Bismarck Beiderbecke. That is well documented in the Bix Beiderbecke "bible" by Sudhalter et al: "Bixman and legend." In that book there is a discussion of several pages and a photo of his death attest, where his real name is written.
The name Bismarck came from his father, who somethimes was named Bix, perhaps that's the reason why Bix was christianed Bix." Berry, Leon --- Chu
Chu Berry resembled a character from a musical called "Chu Chin Chow." Bertholoff, William Henry Joseph Berthol Bonaparte --- Willie "the Lion" Smith
Willie Smith was probably used to shorten the extremely long name. "The Lion" was bestowed because of Willie's forceful manner.
Or, as another reader puts it: he was called "The Lion" because of his devotion to Israel. Blakey, Art --- Bu
Art Blakey was sometimes called "Bu," which was short for his Muslim name, Abdullah Ibn Buhaina. Bolden, Charles --- Buddy
"Buddy" Bolden was reputed to be the first Jazz cornetist. If you know where this nickname came from, let us know. Breitenfeld, Paul --- Paul Desmond
Desmond reportedly picked his name out of a phone book. Brown, Clarence --- Gatemouth
Gatemouth was obviously derived from "Gator" mouth. "Alligator" was what jazz musicians called each other prior to adopting to "cat." "Hey Gate!" was a common salutation. Brown, Clifford --- Brownie
It is no great mystery why Clifford Brown was called "Brownie." Byrd, Henry Roeland --- Professor Longhair, Fess, Roy
Not sure why this colorful New Orleans pre-rock pianist was called "Professor Longhair." "Fess" was a shortened form of "Professor Longhair" and "Roy" probably came from Roeland. Clayton, Wilbur --- Buck
Clayton's nickname was given to him by his mother in reference to his African American ancestors according to a reader. Coltrane, John --- Trane
Coltrane's nickname, "Trane," was a shortening of his last name. Davis, Eddie --- Lockjaw
It is rumoured that Eddie was heavily "endowed." Possibly he caused a few cases of "Lockjaw" amongst his admirers?
Davis recorded a few titles named after more or less incommodating diseases in the late 1940's. "Lockjaw" was later shortened to "Jaws." -Dirk Ludigkeit Davis, Miles --- The Prince of Darkness
In reference to Davis' aloof brooding play on stage; it's often cited how he would turn his back to the audience. Dodds, Warren --- Baby
New Orleans drummer Warren Dodds may have been called "Baby" because he was six years younger than his brother clarinetist Johnny Dodds. Dorham, McKinley --- Kinny / Kenny
McKinley Dorham was originally nicknamed "Kinny" but this usually got misheard as Kenny. This is how it started to appear in record labels when he started recording. If you check lps he's on you can see the struggle over Kinny vs. Kenny. -Jonathan Fox Edison, Harry --- Sweets
Trumpeter Edison was reputedly given the nickname "Sweets" by fellow Basie band member Lester Young. We're not sure why Lester called Harry "Sweets," but "The Pres" was notorious for bestowing nicknames.
I've recently read that Lester called Harry "Sweets" because Harry had a way with words and with music. Eldridge, Roy --- Little Jazz
Trumpeter Eldridge received this nickname as a result of his diminutive size. Ellington, Edward Kennedy --- Duke
The young Edward Ellington was called "Duke" by his friends and family because of his ducal manner and his natty dressing. Evans, William --- Lateef, Yusef
Another Bill Evans. Sounds like a great trivia question! Filipelli, Joseph Edward --- Flip Phillips
I suspect that Flip's nickname derived from his name. Fitzgerald, Ella --- First Lady of Song
This was her nickname because she truly was the "First Lady of Song." Gaillard, Bulee --- Slim
Not sure why this guitarist (a member of the popular "Slim and Slam" duo of the late thirties and the forties) was called "Slim." Was he thin? Let us know. Gillespie, John Birks --- Dizzy
Gillespie acquired the nickname "Dizzy" early in his career because of his "off-the-wall" antics both onstage and off. During the bop period, while others were acting "cool," Gillespie was still acting "Dizzy" and very showman-like. Gonsalves, Paul --- Mex
Ellington tenor saxophonist Gonsalves was mistakenly called "Mex" by some people who believed that this descendant of Cape Verdeans was Mexican. Goodman, Benny --- King of Swing
Benny was called the "King of Swing" because of his tremendous success and fan following in much the same way that Elvis was dubbed the "King." Green, Freddie --- Father Time
For the rock-solid beat he gave to the Count Basie band. Green, Ian Ernest Gilmore --- Gil Evans
Gil once did an album named "Svengali." It had a credit line that said "Anagram by Gerry Mulligan." Svengali, of course, is GIl Evans, rearranged. It's the most original album credit in jazz, with the possible exception of Phil Woods's credit line that said "embouchure by" and then gave the name of his dentist. Hampton, Locksley Wellington --- Slide
This trombone player, tuba player and composer from Indianapolis was probably called "Slide" because he played trombone at an early age. Hanna, Roland Sir Roland Hanna
It's not a nickname; he came by his aristocraic title legitimately. After leading a benefit tour in Africa for young African students, he was knighted in 1970 by the late president of Liberia, William Tubman. Hawkins, Coleman --- Bean, Hawk
The "Hawk" nickname is obviously a shortening of Hawkins. "Hawk" was also known as "Bean" but we don't know why. Do you? A reader says that the "Bean" tag was bestowed because of Hawkins intellect.
One of the Classics CD liner notes tells of one time in the late 30s, when Hawkins was playing in England as a featured player for the Jack Hilton (Hylton?) orchestra, and had been quoted, I guess in Melody Maker, claiming that a good player should be able to improvise in any key. The band members surrepticiously played a tune ONE HALF TONE lower, moving it from an easy sax key to a very tough one. Hawkins, coming in for his solo, realized what was going on almost instantly, delivered a respectable solo, and NEVER MENTIONED IT afterwards.
Here's another take on "Bean." The story is that some cats looked at hs eyes and said that they look like some beans after they had soaked in some water prior to cooking. Beans swell in standing water. Hence, his eyes look like swollen beans. I've heard this story on more than one occasion.
And how about this one?
Hawkins was called "Bean" because he came from Boston or "Beantown," as it was known. apparently, people in Boston use dto eat a lot of beans with brown bread.
Lester Young once called Hawkins "The First President." Although this is not technically a nickname, it is interesting and worth a mention. Henderson, Fletcher --- Smack
Someone out there please tell us why this mild mannered bandleader was called "Smack." A reader suggests that "Smack" is slang for heroin and that Henderson's laid back manner earned him the nickname.
Another reader states he smacked his lips when he ate. Herman, Woodrow Charles --- Woody
Bandleader Herman's nickname was obviously a derivation of his first name. Hines, Earl --- Fatha
Earl acquired this nickname because of his kind temperament. Many musicians felt that they could confide in him and tell him their problems and personal feelings.
Quite aside from his undoubted value as a mentor, Hines was an old guy (in his forties in the forties) who wore a toupe. Steve Danby Hinton, Milt --- Judge
Because it fits his longevity, professional stature and the personal respect in which he is universally held. Hodges, Johnny --- Jeep, Rabbit
Johnny Hodges was known as Jeep and Rabbit. Don't know the source of either. Another reader observes that Jeep came from the "Popeye" cartoon strip.
According to Harry Carney, Hodges was called Rabbit because he loved lettuce and tomato sandwiches. -Dirk Ludigkeit
. Another reader suggests that "Rabbit" resulted from Hodges quick trips up to a room and back at brothels.
This is somewhat scatological, but I have it on the authority of a guy who used to house some of the Ellington band members when they came through Baltimore Way Back When that Johnny Hodges got the nickname Rabbit because when the boys would visit a house of ill-repute, Hodges would (to put it as nicely as I can) go upstairs and only minutes later would come back down. Jackson, Milt --- Bags
Milt admitted that he got his nickname, Bags
, from the temporary furrows under his eyes incurred by a drinking binge after his release from the Army. Johnson, James Louis --- J.J.
J.J. used to sign his compositions with only his first and last initials (i.e., [J]ames [J]ohnson). This eventually stuck as a nickname. However, it is no longer a nickname, as he had his name officially changed in 1970. Jones, Joseph --- Philly Joe
Philadelphia drummer Philly Joe Jones was given this nickname to distinguish him from Basie drummer Jo Jones. Kirnon, Conrad --- Connie Kay