What are the elements that make the Purchase program stand out from other schools? Munro offers the following assessment. "I think there are three unique features about our Jazz Studies Program at Purchase. The first is the sense of community among the students. We are located 25 miles north of NYC in a very secluded part of Westchester County. There is no college town to hang out in. The students have created their own community of musicians. I have seen this happen continuously since the first year of the program. Our students help each other, they watch out for each other, they hang out together in both playing and social situations. There is no prejudice regarding race, gender, weight, coolness etc. It's pretty unique. The second aspect is the jazz faculty. Todd Coolman insisted that if you taught private lessons you had to come to the college to teach the students. The students would not be allowed to go the teacher's pad to take a lesson. This move really helped to build a sense of community within the faculty. They would all see each other at the college. It was a gas for the students too because they would see all these big name jazz artists in the hall of the music building. This practice is becoming more common now but when Todd started it, it was not the common practice for the NYC area programs. The third feature is that all of our classes are taught by professional jazz musicians. Every class, including jazz history (which is taught by Kenny Washington!) is taught by cats that are out in the professional arena. We don't have grad assistants teaching the basic courses or combos. It's pretty unique." Malinverni adds a note about the importance of mutual respect within the overall community. "At our place, we view our students as prospective colleagues so we tell them the truth in a way that leaves no room for ambiguity but is delivered respectfully, as positive criticism, helping our students along the way toward the artists they're becoming."
Admission to the Purchase program is competitive. Munro talks about the prerequisite conditions for entry. "We are looking for students who already are listening and playing jazz. Most students start to listen and play jazz in their High School years. We realize that their level and depth of understanding may not be that high yet. We don't expect full blown consummate players but we do expect to hear some jazz vocabulary, evidence of accumulation of repertoire and a level of technical ability that allows them to speak the language on their instrument."
Munro believes that Purchase offers the best facilities for students in the New York City area. With more than sixty practice rooms, almost one-hundred Steinway grand pianos and recording studios, under the direction of Grammy winning engineer Peter Denenberg, students are provided with a state of the art setting for developing and building their skills. The school's Performing Arts Center includes four performance areas and has played host to the likes of Sonny Rollins
, Pat Metheny
and many others. Purchase has two large ensembles, The Purchase Jazz Orchestra under Coolman and Faddis' direction and The Purchase Latin Jazz Orchestra led by David DeJesus. The ensembles have the opportunity to perform annually at prominent New York clubs such as Dizzy's Club Coca Cola, Birdland and the Blues Note. Student performers also have what Malinverni describes as a "home away from home" in Greenwich Village at Smalls Jazz Club. The pianist Spike Wilner
is a club owner and Purchase Graduate School alum. "I and most of my colleagues often call students to perform with us, as members of our groups or to sit in on our engagements in NYC. Also, since all classes and rehearsals take place on campus, impromptu playing sessions and conversations about the music are a commonplace among us." says Malinverni. I had asked about the process used to determine the type of ensemble in which students collaborate. Malinverni describes that procedure. "I put together each of our fifteen Combos with an eye toward well-matched groups of musicians working under the wings of professors who will offer a positive environment in which to thrive." Munro adds additional detail. "We start with the number of small combos we have, say for example 16, when then make sure we can populate each combo with 1 drummer, 1 bassist, 1 guitarist and 1 pianist. From there we can add vocalists and horn players as needed. All of our combos are "theme based." For example, I teach combos that play the music from Charles Mingus
' "Ah Um," or Chick Corea
's "Light As a Feather" and a Horace Silver
themed combo. The instrumentation for the combos is often dictated by what your combos theme is for that semester. Populating the combos is not an exact science but we do our best to insure a great combo experience for all of our students."
Purchase College is a somewhat unique setting in that an overall dedication to the arts is a cornerstone of the school. Malinverni and Munro explain how that overall environment impacts the jazz program. Malinverni states, "It makes a big difference -I don't think the arts in general and Jazz in particular are treated with as high a degree of respect in other institutions as they are at Purchase. I and several of my colleagues know the college president, provost and other upper administration folks personally and they are present at our performances -on and off campus -more often than they are not. I do not take this support for granted. When former Governor Nelson Rockefeller founded the State University system he inaugurated the Purchase campus as a hub for the arts in the state. On our campus, we have four separate Conservatories -of Music, Dance, Visual Arts and Drama -and our students take advantage of collaboration across those entities." Munro adds, "Collaboration between the conservatories is very common. It's a great way for students to foster the contacts they will need to succeed in the real world. Lately the college has started going one step further by integrating the Liberal Arts side of the campus with the conservatory programs. We have a new major called Arts Management that is showing great promise. We also have conservatory class offerings for non-majors. Our college is dedicated to a "one college" community as opposed to the "siloing" of programs."
I asked how the Purchase Jazz Studies Program helping students to better prepare for their own future security. Malinverni states, "We make sure that our students learn professional comportment, beginning right away in their freshman years. They are taught that punctuality and thoughtful presentation are essential to staying busy in a competitive environment. Many of our students avail themselves of classes from the Arts and Entrepreneurship courses offered at the college and we are currently working on expanding that curriculum. I think young musicians are always optimistic about the future and very seldom have a specific idea of what will await them upon graduation. And I think that's a good thing. We let them know, as they go through our program that talent is only the first ingredient along the way to professional viability and that, ultimately, their hard work and perseverance will be the determining factors in their musical lives." Same Time; Different Country: Humber College
Less than an eight-hour drive north of the border, Toronto's Humber College resides in three clusters of campuses. The schoolcoincidentallywas founded in 1967, the same year as SUNY Purchase. With about twenty-thousand full-time and more than fifty-thousand part-time students, Humber specializes in technology fields, business, liberal arts and the arts. Denny Christianson is the Director of the Music Program at Humber School of Creative and Performing Arts which offers degrees or certificates in Jazz and Commercial Music, Jazz Performance, Music Business, and Music Composition.
As Christianson tells it, "by 1976 [Humber] was drawing top-notch students, as it was the only place in Canada where you could study jazz, and all the top working musicians were on faculty." Still, it wasn't until 2005, following approval from the Minister of Education, that the school began to offer a four-year Bachelor degree.
Christianson describes his role as one of keeping the program focused on the school's mission. "My job is to see that we stay focused on what our mission is, which is to give our students the best possible foundation for a successful career in music, and provide as many paths to that goal as possible. With that in mind, we created a cutting edge degree, with mandatory courses in midi technology, recording and producing master classes, music business, and creative development, which trains them for their 3rd year final recital, and their 4th year recording project in our state of the art recording studio. The results of all of this practical and hands-on experiences is that our students walk out the door with not only a BMus, but they have the mindset and business smarts of a top flight young pro....and tons of them have gone on to postgrad studies at places like Julliard, Berklee, University of Toronto, McGill, etc."
The faculty (seventeen full-time; seventy-five part-time) boasts of ten Juno winners (a Canadian equivalent of the Grammies) and a measure of the program's success is that twenty Humber alum were themselves nominated for the Juno in 2016 and seven won. Producers in Residence have included Tommy LiPuma, Al Schmidt, Greg Wells and Ken Scott while the Artists in Residence program has brought in Michael Brecker
, Dave Holland
, Vince Mendoza
, Joe Lovano
, John Scofield
, Jack DeJohnette
, Steve Gadd
and others. The school features eight classrooms fully equipped for teaching, which become rehearsal space for Humber's fifty-two student ensembles. There is a midi classroom, an electronic classroom for teaching the recording process, the state-of-the-art studio and a five-hundred and fifty seat auditorium utilized as a performing classroom and concert hall.
I asked Christianson if the jazz program at Humber has an academically historical component to examine the roots of the music in the framework of its role in the development of modern jazz. He explained that Humber has ..."a three semester contemporary Music History course which traces all forms of North American music from early 1800 s (full development of New Orleans) and post-Civil War music, into music halls, Broadway, etc., with an earlier path of Delta Blues, into proliferation of R&B, into modern pop music with a parallel path of jazz history. We also offer several World Jazz groups, West African project, led by Waleed Abdulhamid, world hand drumming with Steve Mancuso, Indo jazz from Tabla master Ravi Naimpally, Latin jazz by Hilario Duran, and Brazilian jazz from Gord Sheard."