Original Nucleus members such as Jenkins and Marshall departed, "defecting" to Soft Machine, others such as Jeff Clyne joined Gary Boyle's Isotope and Brian Smith returned to his home country of New Zealand. Others replaced them throughout the years such as keyboard player Geoff Castle who remained with most of the mid to later period Nucleus lineups and indeed appeared in the last Neil Ardley + Nucleus gig at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London. Another seven Nucleus albums followed including Under the Sun
, Snakehips Etcetera
, Inflagrante Delicto
and Out of the Long Dark
. Two Nucleus albums were also made for the German artist-owned record company Mood Records in the 1980s: Awakening
and Live at the Theaterhaus
After Nucleus folded at the end of the 1970s, it did materialise again in varying permutations, which included the occasional appearance by Brian Smith and John Marshall, but it did not continue as a constant band, more as an intermittently re-awoken phenomenon. Ian Carr, however, was not idle and soon joined a spectacular European- based big band. The United Jazz and Rock Ensemble was probably the greatest Euro big band since the Clarke-Boland Big Band and was underpinned by some great British jazz musicians. Carr was joined in the UJRE by saxophonist Barbara Thompson and husband drummer Jon Hiseman, who Carr had worked with in Neil Ardley's New Jazz Orchestra (which recorded the legendary masterpiece Déjeuner Sur L'Herbe
on the Verve label) in the late '60s. Also in the UJRE was Kenny Wheeler, who featured on Solar Plexus
alongside Harry Beckett, both of whom contributed spectacular solos (a typically selfless gesture by fellow trumpeter Carr). The list of members of the UJRE reads like an international jazz Who's Who with stellar names such as Albert Mangelsdorff, Eberhard Weber, Wolfgang Dauner, Charlie Mariano and Volker Kriegel. After releasing over a dozen albums (one of their first, Live in Schützenhaus
, recorded in 1977, became the biggest-selling jazz album in Germany ever), sadly the UJRE was forced to play its final farewell concerts last year due to the logistics of the band being too difficult to allow it to continue. Carr contributed several compositions to the UJRE's repertoire including "Hey Day," "Gone with the Weed" and "Lady Bountiful." The sumptuous arrangements of these numbers vie very strongly indeed with the original Nucleus recordings.
In 1982, Ian received the Calabria (Southern Italy) award for outstanding contribution in the field of jazz and in 1987 he was given Wire
magazine's special award for services to British jazz.
Carr has collaborated with Neil Ardley (notably on his albums Greek Variations
, Kaleidoscope of Rainbows
and Harmony of the Spheres
as well as the later album Zyklus
), and also with Keith Tippett's Centipede, Mike Gibbs' big band. In 1992 Carr recorded the "acoustic" album Sounds and Sweet Airs
accompanied by John Taylor on organ.
Nowadays, Ian Carr, however, is as busy as ever and has recently been engaged as musical consultant for the Mike Dibb television documentary on Keith Jarrett. This was a follow-up to his earlier Channel 4 programme on the life of Miles Davis that received a phenomenal 1.2 million viewers in the UK alonea record for jazz. Carr's biography of Miles Davis - Miles Davis: A Critical Biography
(1982), is considered to be the standard text on modern jazz most outstanding genius. He also wrote Keith Jarrett, The Man and his Music
(1992) and was co-author of Jazz, the Essential Companion
(1987) The Rough Guide to Jazz
(2nd Edition, 2000). Meanwhile Ian Carr's long out-of- print book on British jazz Music OutsideContemporary Jazz In Britain
(1973) is now almost as highly sought after as the Rendell-Carr albums.
The good news is that with the exception of the two Mood albums, all the Rendell-Carr Quintet and Nucleus albums are now available again for the first time on CD on BGO Records, and Universal reissued on CD the ultra-rare Greek Variations
which features several Ian Carr-penned tracks performed by a prototype Nucleus. The band also plays on Neil Ardley's Kaleidoscope of Rainbows
, just reissued on the Dusk Fire label.
There are also two live Nucleus albums recently issued on the Cuneiform and Hux labels, and a couple of live albums by the Rendell-Carr Quintet on the Spotlite label.
There is a web site dedicated to Ian Carr and Nucleus and which contains full discographies of Ian Carr, Nucleus and the Rendell-Carr Quintet. The web site is also intended to highlight the work of sometime fellow Nucleus musicians by linking to their web sites wherever they have one or just alerting audiences to the latest news about these musicians, many of whom featured in Carr's seminal and now sadly long out-of-print book Music Outside
. The Unofficial Ian Carr and Nucleus Web Site
(which although "unofficial" has met with Ian Carr's enthusiastic approval). Related Article Ian Carr and Nucleus: '70s British Jazz Rock Progenitors