Artists who mix or move between two styles, no matter how smoothly, sometimes risk being critically or commercially marooned between them. Gregory Porter sings in a style deeply steeped in the best soul and rhythm-and-blues schools; his deep and warm instrument conjures echoes of Sam Cooke
, Lou Rawls
and other legendary voices. Even so, his first two albums are unmistakably jazz records. Water
(Motéma, 2010) and Be Good
(Motéma, 2012) are brightened by sharp arrangements, shimmering production (by Brian Bacchus and Porter's musical director and occasional saxophonist Kamau Kenyatta
) and the crack instrumental prowess of Porter's working band: bassist Aaron James, drummer Emanuel Harrold
, saxophonist Yosuke Sato
and pianist Chip Crawford
The success of these first two albums seems to fit Gregory Porter's broader pattern: he has spent his life spanning and connecting distances. He was born in California and got his start singing in small jazz clubs in San Diego while attending San Diego State University on a football scholarship, but he ultimately relocated to the Bedford- Stuyvesant neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York.
Porter was raised by a single mom and grew up without his father. He spanned this emotional gap by throwing himself into the music of Nat "King" Cole
, whose legendary mellow baritone Porter's own voice resembled. Porter listened to Cole's music for so long and so deeply that he imaginatively created a deep emotional connection with him in the absence of his own father.
In 1998, several threads of Porter's life came together. Kenyatta had heard Porter sing and was aware of his fondness for Cole, so he invited the young vocalist to visit him in the studio where Kenyatta was helping to produce Hubert Laws Remembers the Unforgettable Nat King Cole
(RKO/Unique Records, 1998). When the flutist heard Porter sing along to the tracking for "Smile," Laws adjusted the setlist to include a bonus version of this Chaplin classic that featured his vocalPorter's first studio recording. This session also kicked off a series of events that culminated in Nat King Cole & Me
, Porter's more-or-less autobiographical musical that he performed for several successful months at the Denver (Colorado) Center for the Performing Arts.
Porter's star has since continued to ascend and glow. His debut, Water
, was nominated for a Best Jazz Vocal Grammy
Award and was named the Jazz Album of the Year for 2011 by Jazzwise
magazine in the UK. He has also appeared in the UK as a featured performer at the London Jazz Festival, as a special guest on BBC4's Carole King & Friends at Christmas
2011 holiday television special, and on several live dates and television broadcasts throughout 2012 with the Jools Holland Orchestra.
Released on Valentine's Day, 2012, Be Good
furthers Porter's unique connectivity between soul and jazz, while its insistent imagery reveals personal experiences that profoundly connect the singer and listener. "Mother's Song" honors the internal and external beauty of the primary influence on Porter's life, "a mother who taught all her children to love and be loved by each other." His simple declaration of love in "Real Good Hands" provides this set's most direct tune, emotionally, lyrically and musically. The singer's voice seems to organically flow in and out of "Painted on Canvas" with a sound as natural as the whisper of waves kissing the shore. The title track shares an indelible sense of loss and wonder, with Porter subtly opening up his range from the first to the second verse to reveal more of his grief and yearning.
But nothing that comes before is preparation for the last two tunes on Be Good
. Porter's furious flight through lyrics about a prison chain gang in Nat Adderley
's "Work Song" reveals the full range of his power and depthand his band kicks this arrangement's ass. This might have explosively closed Be Good
, but Porter's solitary a cappella
rumination through "God Bless the Child," Billie Holiday
's prayer of hunger and loss, lays it more gently to rest, swaddled in the profound and intimate sound of a man connecting his voice with his muse.
With Be Good
, Gregory Porter continues to connect and span distances. "The more personal your story, the more universal it isthe more people connect," he suggests. "People know what it is because they feel like they're going through it with you or they've been there themselves."All About Jazz:
Not many male singers who have the type of instrument you have sing in the jazz context that you sing in, so that's where we'd like to start. How did the band behind you come together, and how did your relationship with them start? Gregory Porter:
St. Nick's Pub at 149th and Saint Nicholas in Harlem. We had all come to work there on Tuesday nights. All of us were brought together by a musician who had Monday and Tuesday nights there, Melvin Vines, a trumpet player. One thing led to another, and when it came to the point that I was going to record, I wanted to have the rhythm section that I was working with, that had played some of the songs that I was working on for Water
at St. Nick's Pub. When it was time to record, those were the cats to do it.AAJ:
Wow, that's surprisingly logical. GP:
[Laughs] Yeah, you know, when I had the budget for the first album, there was some discussion about me getting this guy or getting that guy, and use half of my budget to have this person on the album. Those are dreams, but, quite frankly, for me, it just made sense to work with the guys who know me, who know the story why I would write a song about my mother, who maybe even know some of the relationships that I'm talking about in some of the songs.AAJ:
We're catching you in between performances in Europefrom where did you just return and where will you soon be heading? GP:
I was just in Europe for about seven weeks: many places in France, a couple of great performances in Paris, at a Blue Note in Milan and at some festivals. In the UK, I've been touring with Jools Holland. That's been great. I still have several dates to do with him. He invited me on his show, which is how we met; we had just an immediate camaraderie, and he had an immediate respect for what I was doing and my sound and my story. He invited me to sing with his orchestra, so I will play a total of about 15 concerts with him. I did half Jools Holland dates and half my own, and it's been greatwe did festivals and concerts all over Europe in some great locations.AAJ:
Is the difference between a jazz singer and an R&B singer the single matter of material, or can you articulate something more? GP:
There are some harmonic differences in the things you would do in R&B and in jazz. In jazz, you can use a lot of notes, but you can also over-sing, which is something that you really don't want to do in that tradition of the music; you can over-sing in jazz, even though there's a whole bunch of notes that are at the disposal of the jazz singer.
But I don't like to put up these walls in between jazz, soul and R&B singers, because all that music is very close cousins birthed out of gospel and blues. It all depends upon the individual artist, but there are some things that are different. Yes, it is the material. And yes, there's an approach. There's that improvisational switch, that trigger, in jazz; it doesn't happen for every artist, and even some of the great artists sang everything the same way every time, which is perfectly acceptable. But in jazz, there's a freedom and a bounce and a swing that should happen, which is not really a requirement for R&B.