If a person makes his own voice artificial in order to convince people, in order to be more audible, and in order to impress people, it only means he is not true to his spirit.
By Dave Liebman
There's no question that I am going to get pinned to the mat, condemned for being close minded, negative, purist, sour grapes and definitely politically incorrect for what I am writing. It is very specific, concerned with jazz musicians being hired to play in pop situations. It is not about musically "crossing over" which is another topic.
First of all, a few obvious points: Making a living playing creative music is hard enough without turning down good paying gigs, especially if they are musically passable (a separate question beyond this scope). Maybe the financial freedom which comes from a lucrative gig, even temporarily, means an artist can devote more time to his or her own art which is not a bad payback. On the "good vibrations" front, a friend mentioned the positive aspect of "musical generosity" which results when a jazz musician joins a pop artist to make music or by extension any stylistic crossover, something which can't be denied. And who is to say that such and such a pop artist is not as sincere in their music as I am in mine? This is what they do and of course if it communicates with people, all the better. (Unlike most serious jazz performed for as few people as possible it seems.) I remember discussing this with Chick Corea years ago. His opinion, at least from what I could gather (influenced by Scientology I suspect), was that the measure of artistic worth is its success at communication, which in theory has obvious merits concerning why we create in the first place, but as a guiding principle can get out of hand.
I am not in virgin territory when I discuss this subject. My wife, who is a jazz musician, and daughter are respectively fans of Aerosmith and selected hip hop along with Coltrane and Judy Garland'quite a combination in our household! The drummer in my present band has had a rock band for years. And for those who are not familiar with my background, I was sort of there at the beginning of so-called "fusion" with Miles Davis, several rock-jazz bands (Ten Wheel Drive, Sawbuck, Ellis-Liebman Band), my own first group Lookout Farm which included tablaist Badal Roy, and have recorded several times under my own name in that style. I write from experience, and more than anything I do so after several decades of maturing as a player and artist. I would not have written this some years ago, but thankfully we grow with time.
So here's the scenario. A pop or whatever style player wants to "expand" and hears so and so's voice as an improviser in their music. Usually, but not always, it is someone already well known which stands to reason since that it is who they would be aware of in the first place for obvious reasons. They are not about to spend time researching beyond the surface to check out lesser known artists of equal or more talent. Someone makes the call and asks would you be interested, offering more money than one could ever make in that period of time, be it a tour or recording (tour after of course) and so it goes. The pop person has crossed the proverbial tracks, entered the ghetto and offered the sky to someone who can't say no. Their gain is credibility, showcasing an artist with years of musical training and sophistication, who has in one way or the other made sacrifices for the music. It goes without saying that in the final result jazz people are the best all around musicians as a whole and can play most anything. Of course this package is paid for in cash. If it is a one time event like a recording, maybe this discussion is unnecessary, but in essence the principles remain the same.
Then the artist in question tells his boys: "You know, so and so's music is really pretty hip and deeper than you think. And you know, people might know me more after so it could help what WE do. (I can tell you that is rarely the truth.) Anyway, it is only for a short time and let's face it, the bread is nice."
I was first exposed to jazz circa 1973, when I met a fellow who ran Kappy's Record Store over near 10th Ave., on 42nd St. in NYC. We really clicked and when I told him I played piano and went to Music & Art HS, and had just started at City College of NY as a music major, he asked if I liked jazz...I said yes but I didn't know much about it, but that I did have sheet music for many popular 1920's through 1940's tunes by noted composers (Porter; Gershwins; Irving Berlin; Rodgers & Hammerstein/Hart; Jerome Kern; Lerner & Loewe; etc.) that my mother had sung beautifully starting in the 1940's including tons of famous show tunes, and I played many of those songs already
I was first exposed to jazz circa 1973, when I met a fellow who ran Kappy's Record Store over near 10th Ave., on 42nd St. in NYC. We really clicked and when I told him I played piano and went to Music & Art HS, and had just started at City College of NY as a music major, he asked if I liked jazz...I said yes but I didn't know much about it, but that I did have sheet music for many popular 1920's through 1940's tunes by noted composers (Porter; Gershwins; Irving Berlin; Rodgers & Hammerstein/Hart; Jerome Kern; Lerner & Loewe; etc.) that my mother had sung beautifully starting in the 1940's including tons of famous show tunes, and I played many of those songs already. SOOOO... he started me off LP's by Oscar Peterson, Art Tatum, Bud Powell, Errol Garner, Bill Evans, Monty Alexander, Charlie Byrd, and Dave Brubeck... does it get any better than that? ...No, it doesn't. I was hooked!!
I met and had a master class with the late music giant John Lewis, leader of the Modern Jazz Quartet! This was at CCNY in 1977. I was blessed! It was an incredible class... how could it have been anything else?!?!
The first jazz record I bought was...I bought numerous records from my friend at the record store, as mentioned above. He introduced me to nothing but music giants/legends! I think The Dave Brubeck Quartet, Greatest Hits, was actually the first one.
My advice to new listeners... study first--understand the rudiments--solfeggio, keys, scales, and basic chords. Read a book or take a class that includes the study of chord progressions, especially in jazz. It should ideally be a piano class so you can play multiple notes together. Have a good EAR or else it's not really worth it in my view...to become a musician, a good EAR for music is about as fundamental as breathing! Learn to read chord charts--i.e., lead sheets - wherein you play various voicings of the chords--major, minor, dominant 7th (alterations of these, you can learn over time - the basic chords are most important for starters), plus the melody, on the piano or keyboard. If you have to read the exact notes, then it's not the same as actually internalizing it & getting it all into your head. If you can do this, I think you're ready not only for listening to jazz, but understanding many concepts of it! Of course...anyone can listen to jazz... but I think it's so good to also have a grasp of it.