Whether with his own ensembles or as a sideman, Danilo Perez has long been an iconic jazz pianist, but above and beyond his success as a performer and recording artist, he has become a manifestation and symbol of cross-cultural dialogue. His music brings together mainstream and Latin influences in a unique way. He always brings something new into the mix, whether early on with Dizzy Gillespie
, Jon Hendricks
or Wynton Marsalis
, his award-winning CD, Panamonk
(Implulse, 1996), and more recently with the Wayne Shorter
Quartet as well as his own groups featuring Brian Blade
, John Patitucci
, Ben Street
, Adam Cruz
, and others. His most recent recordings, Providencia
(Mack Avenue, 2010) and Panama 500
(Mack Avenue, 2-14) are in homage to his home country of Panama, yet they incorporate elements of Cuba, straight ahead jazz, European impressionism, African, and other musical heritages. Perez sees music as a multi-dimensional bridge among peoples. He has dedicated himself to making a better world through his efforts as an Artist For Peace with UNESCO, Artistic director of the Berklee Global Jazz Institute, the Panama Jazz Festival, the Danilo Perez Foundation, and other organizations. In everything he does, Perez is always seeking unity, meaning, healing, and the betterment of mankind. He is truly a musical innovator and humanitarian, as this interview illustrates. AAJ:
We'll start with the desert island question. Which are the recordings you would take to that desert island, the favorites that come to your mind? DP: Thelonious Alone in San Francisco
(Riverside, 1959). That album had a huge influence on me. My Funny Valentine: Miles Davis in Concert
(Columbia, 1964). The Amazing Bud Powell
(Blue Note, 1964). There's a wonderful pianist from Puerto Rico, Enrique Papo Lucca. I still have his album called Conquista Musica
(CD reissue on Fania, 2006), "The Musical Conquest," with a group known as La Sonora Poncena. Papo Lucca influenced me a lot. When I listen to that record, it brings back memories of my childhood in Panama and being with my father.
Right now, I'm currently listening to music of West Africa. And there's a great Italian classical pianist, Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli. I love hearing him play Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 4 and Debussy. Of course, I would take the Herbie Hancock
album Adventures and Dimensions
(Blue Note, 1963) and Wayne Shorter's Native Dancer
(Columbia, 1974). And just one more album: Frank Sinatra Sings for Only the Lonely
(Capitol, 1958). Nelson Riddle
's arrangements are so beautiful: the harmonic sequence, the orchestration, everything he did became the soundtrack of the work. The connection between the lyrics of the songs and Riddle's orchestrations explodes at you. Growing Up in Panama: A Cross-Cultural Musical Hub AAJ:
Your recent musical emphasis celebrating your home country of Panama, and your devotion to the people and music there, shows that your childhood experience is of great significance in your music and everything else you do. What music did you encounter in your youth? What did you hear in Panama that got you interested in jazz? DP:
First of all, my father was a singer and band leader. And he used to play many records in our home. When I was just a couple of years old, he'd play my favorite song, Miriam Makeba
's "Pata Pata." And there was a lot of singing in my home, and percussion. My father gave me a pair of bongos. My parents later told me I was playing music before I could speak. My father presented music as tool to learn my subjects in school, like mathematics! So from then on, there was a component of games in the music, and there was a component of community. On holidays and special occasions, we would celebrate with music. He gave me a little keyboard, and I could play the holiday songs like "Silent Night" and "Jingle Bells." And then my father would play a lot of piano records. And eventually, I got to go to his rehearsals.
One time, we drove past the Panama Conservatory of Music, and my father told me that people who get serious about music go there. I exclaimed "Drive back there! I want to see it again!" I'm very emotional about this even now because the Conservatory is the same place where I'm currently involved in social work with my Foundation in Panama. AAJ:
What place did you grow up in? DP:
I was born in a town in Panama called Monte Oscuro, which means "Dark Mountain." Then we moved and I spent the first part of my life in Peublo Nuevo. Later, we lived in Altos de Cerrro Viento. That's where I lived all the way through high school. That's where I began to really learn music. AAJ:
When and how did jazz enter into your experience? DP:
My father knew a lot of the jazz players from Panama, like pianist Victor Boa
. My father always liked his playing. When my father was coming up as a musician in the 1960s, there were a lot of Cubans in Panama like great singer Beny More and pianist Pedro Peruchin Justiz to name a few. Beny Moré's improvisational abilities and the solos with jazzy riffs from Peruchin had a tremendous influence on my father, who learned a lot from their music and passed it on to me at early age. And then around when I was 6 years old, we heard Puerto Rican pianist Papo Lucca, whom I mentioned earlier as a desert island choice, my father found an album of his. Lucca was using a lot of lines from people like Bill Evans
and Bud Powell
, which he arranged in salsa style or son montuno
from Cuba. The album was the one I mentioned earlier called Conquista Musica
. That's when I first starting hearing some bebop and things like that in a salsa context.
My father had me transcribing all these cats, and we would spend all day doing it. I got familiar with some Panamanian jazz musicians like Bat Gordon, Victor Boa, trumpeter Jim White
, Rubalegs, Danny Clovis, and Reggie Johnson
, whom I worked with on percussion. Reggie was part of that group (the Edgardo Quintero Orchestra), and he would play jazz and salsa. When we played, I would hear his phrasing, which excited me and I really liked it. I was still a kid, but I dug it. When we moved to live in Cerro Viento, I was blessed to live near the home of a gentleman named Denis Noel (my neighbor in Altos De Cerro Viento) who had a fantastic jazz collection. He dropped them on all of us. Like he was playing CTI Records [a jazz label founded in 1967 by producer Creed Taylor
Eds.], George Benson
, Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, you name it! He was blasting all this music out of his house, and it was fascinating, I was recently in Memphis, and while there, I heard a lot of music by The Temptations and B.B. King
. Well this guy Denis was playing all their stuff way back then!
So I think right then, I started absorbing the sounds of this music. At the same time, I was practicing with my father who has retired from professional singing at that time, playing Latin music, and so on. Then I tricked my father! When I was in Conservatory, a wonderful teacher named Edgardo Quintero was putting a band together for the classiest place in Panama called the Union Club. He needed a singer and asked me if my father still sang. So I said "yes" and arranged an audition for my father, he got the job, and I played bongos in that band for about five years. It was a very fruitful time for me.
In the late '70s and '80s disco came in, and there was lots of work. I started to form my own group, and develop a repertoire of Ruben Blades who was one of my favorites, along with Michael Jackson, Marvin Gaye, and then we did stuff like playing conga, guitar , piano, singing duets and trio and all that became my upbringing. Plus I was working with my father in his wonderful band.