The Globe and Mail
called saxophonist and composer Christine Jensen "one of the most important Canadian composers of her generation." She grew up with her trumpet-playing sister Ingrid near Vancouver, though she's now based in Montreal. Jensen has recorded three albums. Her most recent project is Look Left
(Effendi, 2006), the result of a half-year spent studying and writing in Paris.
AAJ contributor Jason Crane caught up with Jensen to talk about life along the Seine, Plato and Lee Konitz.
All About Jazz: Let's dig right in with a quote from the liner notes about the title track, "Look Left." You said: "'Look Left' developed into a political theme representing my opposition to the invasion of Iraq by Bush and Blair." This is an instrumental tune. How do you feel jazz musicians are able to communicate political protest if they don't have the benefit of lyrics?
Christine Jensen: With that tune, it really was a bit of emotion that hit me at the time. I was living in Paris. I had a six-month residency there, right in the heart of Paris, and I was traveling a bit to London as well. It was the summer of 2002post 9/11and there was a lot of heated discussion and debate and marches going on. A lot of people in France and England were uprising against the choices their governments might make going into the impending invasion.
So I got an Eastern theme with this kind of melancholy, Chopin-esque bass line hovering around the key of F#. [plays melody on piano] It's this haunting little theme. I think of flutesa "marching in the distance" feeling. And then I think on the recording the band gets into it. We're all big fans of Wayne Shorter's new band, and we tried to go for a group improvisation in it.
AAJ: You mentioned that you were in Paris because you got a grant, which came from the Council of Arts and Letters of Quebec. Talk about that residency and what a completely different environment did for your composing. How was it different to be in a studio overlooking the Seine rather than in Montreal?
CJ: A lot of jazz musicians have lived in [that same area] in the past because of this residency. And you really get the feel of what it must have been like in the turn of the century in France when all these artists were there, and they were creating this new source of what was to come of art. Then to be there 100 years later or more, and everything is still as stunning as ever. I think visually it's one of the most vibrant cities to get inspiration from, just walking around.
I had a choice to play a lot and meet people or to get more introspective. I think I'd gone through a lot of playing the year before, and I tend to go in waves of playing or writing. So this was a great experience to be writing in. Then I'd have people over to play my music.
AAJ: What was the point of the grant? Was it to get away for six months without financial pressure?
CJ: Yeah. It was a great gift from the government here. They have a few of these all over Europe and also one in New York that a lot of Quebec musicians use. I think I was very spur-of-the-moment in applying for that studio. It's very hard to get because it's multi-disciplinary. A lot of great writers and artists are going up against me when they do the juries. I was very fortunate to put up a project that they thought would benefit my future, and it sure did because I wrote the most I've ever written in a short amount of time by being there.
AAJ: You mentioned how vibrant Paris's Marais district is. I think my favorite piece on this new record is "Promenade." If I'm reading the liner notes correctly, that was one of the pieces most directly inspired by the area in which you were living.
CJ: I had just come off a tour of Canada, and when you do a tour of Canadawe're very into latitude rather than longitude here. I spent quite a bit of time running around doing some larger ensemble projects. So I actually arrived in Paris quite exhausted from the previous few months of work. I got there and this woman said, "The Place de la Seine is going on," which is where they dump all this sand on the main thoroughfare running along the Seine. No traffic goes on it, it's all pedestrians. They put beach towels and chairs and sand and they have volleyball and all these sports going on. It was literally outside my door.
I hadn't experienced Paris in the summer before, so I just landed in this building right on the edge of this. I was like, "What is going on down there?" It was this huge extravagant party for the public along the Seine. So that was my "Promenade." Also, for a couple of weeks I was walking miles and miles every day because there was so much to take in that way.
AAJ: In terms of geographic inspiration for this record, it can't get too much more different than it is. It runs from Paris to an area that I'm sure has inspired a lot of great jazz: Fargo, North Dakota ("Upper Fargo").
CJ: [laughs] That was my trippy one. I've never been there. At the time, The Corrections had come out, by Jonathan Franzen, and he describes in this bookwhich is fiction but I think also comes from his Midwest experience growing upa cocktail party with his family. They kept up appearances all the time by going to these events. He's in New York writing about all this stuff and he thought of their idea of "upper middle class." And I combined that by thinking of the Upper East Side in Manhattan or Upper Lonsdale in Vancouver. There are all these "upper" places where it's a little more upscale. So I imagined one in Fargo, North Dakota.
That piece stems a lot from listening to Dewey Redman and Pat Metheny from the 1970s or early '80s. That Midwest vibe of those two players. It was a fantasy. Sometimes I think I'm trying to create a very fictional piece of music inspired by the music I listen to as well as literature and arts that influence my writing.
AAJ: If we move a little further west, we get closer to your place of origin in Vancouver with a tune called "Cedar."
CJ: That's a work in progress. I just got to add on to that one recently. My sister Ingrid, who's a wonderful trumpeter in New York, and I grew up in Cedar, which was this little tiny farm area south of a midsize mill town called Nanaimo. That place is called Cedar for a reason because those trees were everywhere. They were just immense trees in the West Coast rainforest.
We had a park next to us that was my fantasyland. I'd jump the creek and go into this dense forest that was right next to us and try to climb these trees, which were very hard to climb. It was a dense forest, but if you can climb high enough you start to see some light at the top. You can hear these ascending and descending lines [in the piece]. On top of that, I was in a pretty melancholy state when I wrote that piece around Christmas. I had really wanted to go home that Christmas, so I wrote a few things that were about wishing I was home.
AAJ: Tell us about your mom and the role she played in your musical upbringing.
CJ: I have two older sisters, and that was my mother's outlet. She was a schoolteacher by day, and also a music teacher who taught private piano lessons for kids. She was also very involved in musical theatre. Even going back to my grandmother, she had the same background. They had music around them all the time and it was always live music. My mother had a small but quite tasteful record collection, so we were listening to everything from Chopin to Oscar Peterson. A lot of piano trios and then a lot of dance band stuff like Tommy Dorsey and some older singers. She always was tuning our ears to something different than most kids around us were growing up with.
We'd try to play [pop music for her]. She wouldn't listen to pop music. It was pretty hard to convince her that it was as good as what she'd been listening to. And she had a point in the 1980s. She was a wonderful, positive force in our lives. She was also really great at making us active in music. She would sign us up for every seminar and course that she could get us into because she knew we loved it and it kept us in a really positive mental state.
AAJ: So it sounds like it wasn't a chore for you.
CJ: No. I started on piano. It's funny, because I've been talking to [composer] Maria Schneider and [pianist] Maggie Olin about this, and we've all had similar experiences of sitting at the piano and doing exercises, then we'd try to escape and make up our own variation on it. My mother was wonderful at letting us try to figure out our creativity level.
AAJ: And a jazz musician is born.
CJ: [laughs] That and the combination of teachers who played jazz in our high school. That was a huge thing.
AAJ: You went to high school in Nanaimo?
CJ: Yeah. That's also where [pianist] Diana Krall went to school. She was a big influence because she was one of the first to really get into jazz. The town is about 50,000 [people], or it was at the time. There were four or five junior high schools feeding into one big high school. So the band director at the high school was very fortunatehe had four or five other guys training kids at a pretty high level. Then they'd get into their last two grades and we'd have a lot of big band stuff going on.
AAJ: Do you have a copy of Look Left in front of you? I'd like you to read the quote from Plato that used to hang over your mom's piano.
CJ: It's funny, because it was always in front of me and I never read it until she passed away. It's a really great quote. I sat down and started crying over it one day. It says:
Music is a moral law
It gives soul to the universe
Wings to the mind
Flight to the imagination
A charm to sadness
Gaiety and life to everything
It is the essence of order and lends to all
That is good, just and beautiful
AAJ: Not a bad way to live.
CJ: Exactly. Look what my mother had in front of her all the time. It took us a while to notice it, but it rings true.
AAJ: How did you make the leap, and when did you, from piano to the saxophone?