John ColtraneChasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary
Meteor 17 and Crew Neck Productions
Because it is poised to contribute to the image of John Coltrane in popular culture for years to come, a thoughtful appraisal of this film is very important. Promoted at major film festivals and released to theaters worldwide, Chasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary
, directed by John Scheifeld (noted for The U.S. vs. Lennon
(Liongate, 2006)and other films about iconic cultural figures and entertainers), the film wants to tell the world who Trane really was. In many respects, Coltrane has become the most heroic figure of modern jazz, a legend beyond legends, and virtually a mystical figure for our time. We need to have a full and accurate picture of him in our minds, especially when we listen to his music and, more broadly, recall the tumultuous era in which he lived. Does this film accomplish this aim?
This is the latest of several recent theatrical releases about mid-twentieth century jazz icons. Unflinching documentaries about saxophonist Frank Morgan
and trumpeter Lee Morgan
(no relation to one another) and romanticized biopics about Chet Baker
and Miles Davis
have emphasized their tragic addictions and troubled lives amid their career highlights and evocations of their musical genius. Chasing Trane
portrays Coltrane's transcendent recovery from addiction that led him to lead an exemplary life while he evolved, in a few short years, from just another talented saxophonist to a creative force whose greatness has been compared by some even to Beethoven. In this sense the film is hagiography more than it is a hard-nosed well-researched revelation of truth. As the elder last surviving musicians who came up in the 1950s pass on, Chasing Trane
suggests the possibility of a jazz version of Tom Brokaw's praise for WWII veterans, The Greatest Generation
The wonder of this film is its powerful evocation of the birth to death trajectory of Coltrane, from his birth in Hamiet, North Carolina, to his exposure to African American preachers whose rousing sermons were to shape his own musical voice, to his interest in the saxophone. Then, moving with his family to Philadelphia, he is befriended by a young Benny Golson
, who recalls their mind-blowing experience of hearing Charlie Parker
and Dizzy Gillespie
at the Academy of Music. In quick succession, we also learn of Trane's membership in the Navy Band in Hawaii (of which one recording of him survives), playing with various big bands, acquiring the Johnny Hodges
sound, hooking up with Miles Davis
in New York, and being part of the first great Miles Davis Quintet. Tasting great success, his strivings are undermined by heroin addiction. Fired by Davis, Coltrane goes through drug withdrawal in his home in North Philadelphia and has a life changing spiritual awakening. Then, in the less than ten years before his untimely death from liver cancer, he becomes an unparalleled creative force in jazz, evolving from hard bop to the exquisite inventive teamwork of the John Coltrane Quartet, and finally fearlessly pursuing his own version of the avant-garde. We also learn about his marriages and family life as well as his world travels.
As is often the case with documentaries, interviews are the focal points of the film and in this case are beautifully done. President Bill Clinton, himself a saxophonist (remember that?) shares his appreciation of Coltrane. The film makers put the interviewees at ease, and what they say is well-articulated and, of course, heaping praise on Trane. (Coltrane, a man who exemplified humility, might have balked at such flattery.) Musical assessments are provided by Wynton Marsalis
, critic Ben Ratliff, Coltrane biographers Ashley Kahn and Lewis Porter, "Doors" rock star John Denmore, and a younger musician, Kamasi Washington
, the latter two of whom were influenced by Trane's playing and composing. Sonny Rollins
, once a close friend and kindred spirit, remembers how he bonded with Coltrane. Daughter Michelle, son Oran, and great musician son Ravi Coltrane
recall Trane's marriages to Naima and Alice, accompanied by home movies that show Coltrane in candid and relaxed moments with his families.