Support All About Jazz

All About Jazz needs your help and we have a deal. Pay $20 and we'll hide those six pesky Google ads that appear on every page, plus this box and the slideout box on the right for a full year! You'll also fund website expansion.

I want to help

Various Artists: African Rhythms: Afro-Centric Homages to a Spiritual Homeland

Chris May By

Sign in to view read count
Various Artists: African Rhythms: Afro-Centric Homages to a Spiritual Homeland One of four themed, double-CD compilations from the Blue Note vaults released in the same month—the others are New York Is Our Home (dealing with emergent hard bop), The Funk Jazz Brothers (early 1970s funk-jazz) and On The Corner (early 1970s fusion)—African Rhythms brings together 17 tracks recorded by Blue Note artists between 1957-70 which paid homage to Africa.

The 1960s was a decade in which growing numbers of African-American musicians acknowledged Africa as a spiritual homeland, and dashikis and African-inspired prints replaced mohair suits on the hipper bandstands. Africa became a symbol of strength and self-determination, and it's no coincidence that practically all the music on African Rhythms is fast-paced and assertive, a hard bop warrior charge.

Some of the connections with the continent, however, are pretty tenuous, in several cases starting and ending with the track title. Trumpeter Lee Morgan's "Afreaka," for instance, is no more overtly African in instrumentation, rhythm or melody than anything else Morgan recorded for Blue Note—and drummer Art Blakey recorded the same tune as "Mission Eternal."

Sometimes the connections extend past the title to the instrumentation. Specialist drummers and percussionists are featured in several bands. But even here the connection is more metaphorical than literal—the drummers and percussionists, and their rhythms, are variously Afro-Cuban, African-American or Brazilian, and never passport-bearing African.

Blakey once told a journalist that he'd spent much of 1948 in West Africa, researching indigenous music. There is some doubt that the trip actually took place. But to get hung up on such exactitude—either in relation to Blakey's story or to the music on African Rhythms—is to miss the point. Hard bop was, anyway, in large part African-derived and what many musicians were doing was simply emphasizing the importance they attached to African roots.

Does the bureaucratic nationality of the conga player Big Black on Freddie Hubbard's "Cunga Black" really matter? Or those of the percussionists on Blakey's "Abdallah's Delight"? Of course not.

The real African deal here is two tracks from Nigerian-born Solomon Ilori and his Afro Drum Ensemble's African High Life (Blue Note, 2006). The 12-minute "Gbogbo Omo Ibile (Going Home)," recorded in 1964 but unreleased until its inclusion on the 2006 edition of that album, features Donald Byrd and drummer Elvin Jones alongside a deep-African drum section. It's an early taste of the astral-jazz of saxophonist Pharoah Sanders and harpist Alice Coltrane which was to emerge a few years later—and, like most of African Rhythms, is enduringly wonderful music.

Track Listing: CD1: Africaine (Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers); Man from Tanganyika (McCoy Tyner); Afreaka (Lee Morgan); Appointment in Ghana (Jackie McLean); The Feast (Art Blakey); Black Nile (Wayne Shorter); Home is Africa (Horace Parlan); Safari (Horace Silver); Yaba E (Solomon Ilori and his Afro Drum Ensemble). CD2: Kofi (Donald Byrd); Angola (Wayne Shorter); Mr Kenyatta (Lee Morgan); Gbogbo Omo Ibile (Going Home) (Solomon Ilori and his Afro Drum Ensemble); Cunga Black (Freddie Hubbard); Swahili Suite (Blue Mitchell); Ghana Spice Pt.1 (Candido); Abdallah's Delight (Art Blakey).

Personnel: Bands led by Art Blakey, McCoy Tyner, Lee Morgan, Jackie McLean, Wayne Shorter, Horace Parlan, Horace Silver, Solomon Ilori, Donald Byrd, Freddie Hubbard, Blue Mitchell, Candido.

Year Released: 2008 | Record Label: Blue Note Records | Style: Straight-ahead/Mainstream


CD/LP/Track Review
Extended Analysis
CD/LP/Track Review
Read more articles
Tanbou Toujou Lou: Merengue, Kompa Kreyou, Vodou Jazz & Electric...
Tanbou Toujou Lou:...
Ostinato Records
The Boston Creative Jazz Scene 1970-1983
The Boston Creative...
Cultures Of Soul Records
Celestial Blues: Cosmic, Political and Spiritual Jazz 1970 to 1974
Celestial Blues:...
Hungarian Noir
Hungarian Noir
The New Basement Tapes: Lost on the River
The New Basement...
Harvest Records
I Never Meta Guitar Three
I Never Meta Guitar...
Clean Feed Records

More Articles

Post a comment

comments powered by Disqus
Support our sponsor

Sponsor: ECM Records | BUY IT  

New Service For Musicians!

Boost your visibility at All About Jazz and drive traffic to your website with Premium Musician Profile.