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A Conversation with Music Author Alan Light

A Conversation with Music Author Alan Light
Nenad Georgievski By

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It is not an overstatement to label music journalist and writer Alan Light as one of the premier biographers and music historians. Light's heralded books include "The Holy or the Broken: Leonard Cohen, Jeff Buckley, and the Unlikely Ascent of "Hallelujah," "Let's Go Crazy: Prince and the Making of Purple Rain," "The Skills to Pay the Bills: The Story of the Beastie Boys," "What Happened, Miss Simone?" and the recently published illustrated biography of Johnny Cash "Johnny Cash: The Life and Legacy of the Man in Black." His book about Johnny Cash is based upon previously unseen documents, writings and photographs that he was provided with by Cash's estate. The result is an immersive story of a person where Light addressed the issues that Cash stood for and became a legend in his own lifetime. Light's books a very well researched, insightful, thoughtful and illuminating. Apart from book writing he also wrote the script for this year's excellent Elvis' documentary The Searcher (directed by Thom Zimny ) which portrays his relationship with African-American music as one with great appreciation and affinity. It is is one of the finest visual documents about this icon.

All About Jazz: What made you want to write about Johnny Cash?

Alan Light: I have loved Johnny Cash's music for most of my life, and been privileged to write about him several times in my career, including one of the last major interviews of his life. In this case, I was approached by Smithsonian Publishing, who were working on this book along with the Cash estate, and they asked if I wanted to take on writing the text—so much as I'm happy to have any reason to write about Cash, this time it's because the project was brought to me!

AAJ: What sort of goal did you have when you wrote this book?

AL: This book is primarily about the images—the photos and images from Johnny Cash's personal files and archive. That was the focus of the project, and the real reason it's exciting or new. My goal was to tell his story in a concise and clear way; I didn't have the space (or the time) to do a comprehensive or definitive biography, and some great ones (including his two autobiographies and Robert Hilburn's biography) already exist. My job was to provide context for the images and round out the story of his life and legacy, try to explore some of the themes in his life and his work, all to augment these great pictures.

AAJ: Taking into account the amount of books that were written about Cash and he himself has written two autobiographies what has left been unsaid about him?

AL: See answer above. I didn't really set out to tell an untold story or uncover new details or mysteries in his life. What I wanted to do was paint a picture of Cash, give a sense of him and his work, in a way that would make the photos and other illustrations in the book feel richer and fuller. Also, I suppose that over time, his significance and influence continue to evolve, so any new examination of his life is going to have a new perspective.

AAJ: Similar to the Nina Simone book when you were given documents and research for the documentary you were handed documents and photographs from the Cash estate's archives, many of those previously unseen. How did you structure the story based on these documents and photographs?

AL: The Simone book was really built out of the documents (interviews, transcripts, diaries, etc)—I was using those primary sources to construct the story. With Cash, the photo side and I were working more in parallel. I didn't really use the archival material here as a basis for the narrative, but was writing with the idea that my words would be running alongside and in conjunction with the images, and that I was fleshing out the story that they would be telling.

AAJ: Could you compare and contrast both artists, Nina Simone and Johnny Cash? There are similarities where they approximately lived and worked in the same time periods, they both championed for the rights of their communities and the downtrodden, and yet they led controversial private lives.

AL: Interesting question. Simone was a much more conscious and intentional activist—she was directly political and saw that as the primary role of and function for her work. She also positioned herself as a more extreme activist (when she met Martin Luther King, she made a point of saying "I'm not non- violent"). Cash certainly saw himself as an entertainer, Nina first, but always acted with conscience. His support for prisoners, Native Americans, the impoverished—his hope of being a voice for the voiceless—informed much of what he did, articulated most clearly, of course, in the lyrics of "Man In Black." But he also never voted, met with US Presidents of both parties out of respect for the office, and I think in general saw himself as more of a social force than a political force.

AAJ:You had an opportunity to interview Cash on several occasions. Please talk about the impressions you had when you interviewed Cash.

AL: Sitting down with Johnny Cash is certainly one of those moment I will never forget—when he walked in the room, it was like the moon walked in, something bigger and grander than a regular human being. He was not in great health when I was with him, so he needed to take breaks to focus and gather his strength, but he was totally present and sharp when he was speaking—it was clear that he wanted to give his all to the conversation.

AAJ: It seems that Cash is even more popular now than during his heyday. What would you attribute that to?

AL: The principles that he represents—the sense of justice and fairness, of empathy and refusal to judge the actions of others—are at a greater premium now than ever. The music that he made is truly timeless, so solidly built that it will never sound dated. And his look and style and image are so perfectly and unarguably cool that he will always be an icon.

AAJ: While you were writing this book, what was your biggest challenge?

AL: Fitting such an enormous story into a concise space. I had to prioritize and carve down what I wanted to tackle given the constraints of word count and deadline. I think that determining that there were a few themes—his social conscience, his faith, his relationship with June Carter—that should be taken out of the regular timeline and examined separately, as "sidebars" to the story, was the key to being able to do something that felt complete but not overwhelming.

AAJ: Did writing this book change the way you listen to his music?

AL: I suppose that it did—just connecting the dots between different eras of his career, seeing different interests surface, thinking more about his work as a whole rather than as separate songs or albums...I don't know that I had some huge revelation that changed my whole understanding of him, but I put them together a bit differently. Also, going to the house in Arkansas where he grew up was a huge moment. The town hasn't changed all that much since he lived there—a lot of the roads are still dirt, and the directions to his house still say "turn left at the cotton gin." To stand on the porch of that house, and still see nothing but cotton fields in all directions, no other house in sight, and to think about the vision and ambition required to see something different, something bigger, for yourself—to even imagine leaving the town, the state, and become an international figure—is really inspiring and powerful and fascinating. I could feel the book start to develop after I made that trip.
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