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Yusef Lateef: Eastern Sounds Turns 50

Yusef Lateef: Eastern Sounds Turns 50
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Think back fifty years to the days portrayed on the TV series Mad Men. In 1961, John Kennedy and Billboard's Easy Listening Chart were inaugurated, a freedom riders bus was fire-bombed in Alabama, Rock Hudson was on the big screen, and Doris Day was selling albums.

As teenagers and their swinging parents were twisting their brains out to Chubby Checker or the "authentic music by the King Curtis Combo," East German communists began construction of the Berlin Wall, the Beach Boys formed in California, and The Beatles
The Beatles
The Beatles

band/orchestra
performed, for the first time, at the Cavern Club in Liverpool.

At this time, saxophonists Yusef Lateef
Yusef Lateef
Yusef Lateef
1920 - 2013
reeds
and John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John Coltrane
1926 - 1967
saxophone
were pioneering an approach to music that transcended convention, cultures, borders and labels; concomitantly, Robert E. Brown, a young professor of ethnomusicology at Wesleyan University, coined the term "world music."

September 5, 2011 marked the 50th anniversary of Lateef's groundbreaking album Eastern Sounds (Moodsville, 1961), engineered and mastered by the legendary Rudy Van Gelder
Rudy Van Gelder
Rudy Van Gelder
b.1924
producer
. Although this column will generally be a conversation about the blues, it seems fitting to launch it by commemorating this classic album, arguably one of the first commercially viable examples of world music.

Seen in its historical context it was an extraordinary achievement. When this album was released, Lateef was in a supporting role in Julian "Cannonball" Adderley
Julian
Julian "Cannonball" Adderley
1928 - 1975
saxophone
's group. He had been given a chance to record a session under his own name on the Moodsville label, and obviously the label expected something that could be played at a party hosted by Don Draper. For his part, Lateef had been immersing himself in the music of many cultures, and was eager to explore these influences on an album, something not even John Coltrane had done at this point.

No doubt, he was wise enough not to tip his hand to the label, but imagine if he had pitched his actual plan: "Okay, the first track on side one is my calling card," Lateef might have said. "Listeners and disc jockeys are going to decide if they like this album based on that. So I was thinking, I bought this 1200 year-old Chinese clay flute and I've been learning to play it. It only has a scale of five notes, and it is like blowing over a Coke bottle, but I've written this piece called 'The Plum Blossom,' and I think I can make it work. Oh, and I forgot to mention, instead of a bass, on this track Ernie Farrow
Ernie Farrow
b.1928
will be playing a Middle Eastern string instrument you've never heard of. Don't worry, that's the only piece with the clay flute, the next tune is a blues number called 'Blues for the Orient,' and it's perfect for an oboe. Nobody does oboe blues, so this will be something new and exciting. The third piece is something I've come up with based on a Chinese musical scale."

Incredibly, he actually pulled that off within the context of what the label wanted.

When I first heard this album it struck me that Lateef, like Miles Davis
Miles Davis
Miles Davis
1926 - 1991
trumpet
and Lester Young
Lester Young
Lester Young
1909 - 1959
saxophone
, understood the power of silence; what isn't played is often as important as what is played. Eastern Sounds was recorded a couple of years after Davis released Kind of Blue (Columbia, 1959), and this is almost like a companion album—inventive yet accessible, melodic, impeccably tasteful, tender and compelling with its less-is-more approach. As with Kind of Blue, it has a timeless quality—fifty years on, and the appeal is undiminished.

In addition to Yusef Lateef on tenor sax, oboe, and flute, the album features Ernie Farrow on bass and rubab (rabat in the liner notes.). Another multi-instrumentalist, Farrow started out on piano, before taking up bass and drums. Coincidently, he is also Alice Coltrane
Alice Coltrane
Alice Coltrane
1937 - 2007
piano
's half-brother. Barry Harris
Barry Harris
Barry Harris
b.1929
piano
is on piano and, as Joe Goldberg pointed out in the liner notes, he is best known for his mastery of Bud Powell
Bud Powell
Bud Powell
1924 - 1966
piano
's style, but here he also draws on his considerable knowledge of Thelonious Monk
Thelonious Monk
Thelonious Monk
1917 - 1982
piano
's artistry. His own voice and advanced technical skills, combined with his understanding of Monk's approach, go a long way in explaining the lasting appeal of this recording.

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