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Toronto Downtown Jazz Festival 2005

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Another year. Another festival. After nineteen years the Toronto Downtown Jazz Festival, having made the transition from the du Maurier Downtown Toronto Jazz Festival to the TD Canada Trust Downtown Festival, continues to be a pale version of what it once was. No longer does it tantalise as it once did; the marquee names may draw an audience and help the till, but the musicians come in once too often to stir a sense of excitement. Roy Hargrove was back, and so were Medeski, Martin & Wood, as well as Kenny Barron, bless him for his regular stops at the Montreal Bistro during the year, and Dick Hyman.

Joshua Redman returned with his Elastic Band, which had Sam Yahel on keyboards, Jeff Ballard on drums, and Jeff Parker on guitar. Redman used a raft of electronic effects to provide the counterpoint and the bed and companion to his improvisations as he played over delayed effects. Often done at length, the exercise began to pall not too far into his ministrations. Yet he did rise above the mundane to change course and pull himself out of the mire. When he did, his intonation was articulate and had enough guile to grab attention. Yahel was out of sorts at the outset, his path on the bank of keyboards sounding overwhelmingly obtuse, but he redeemed himself along the way with some well-defined solos. Ballard was, as always, a tight drummer, lean and spirited without a wasted beat.

Redman was preceded by the Kenny Garrett Quartet, which ignited the night. Garrett is an exciting player, articulate and intense, with ideas tumbling out of his saxophone. The funky groove of "Wayne's Thing evolved in the hands of bassist Kris Funn and drummer Ronald Bruner, before Garrett juiced up the cavorting melody that danced its way into the soul. The defining moments of his set came when he took the soprano sax to play three folk melodies, two Japanese ones sandwiching a Caribbean tune. He was complemented by the lyrical Carlos McKinney on piano during this shining, shimmering medley.

For something completely different, there was Bugge Wesseltoft, who has played with Jan Garbarek, Arild Anderson, and Terje Rypdal. But the atmosphere was too sterile for him, and so he went out and made music that he calls "nu jazz," for which he founded a label, Jazzland Records. Even under the ever-expanding and elastic umbrella under which musicians like to nestle and give their music some sort of link to jazz, his did not fit that category. Wesseltoft's music is dance, trance, and house, and he is the master of his art. Rising from a slow build up he created tantalising and captivating grooves and beats, the intensity rising from his manipulation of the keyboards. With a band that had assimilated the spirit of its leader, he built a magnetic edifice of sound loops and rhythms that grabbed and never let go.

Directions also fell in the realm of house and trance, which they attempted to marry with jazz. During certain moments Benji Perosin voiced harmonics on his trumpet and Jason Kemeny improvised and enlarged a Latin rhythm, but those were short-lived and never came to any fulfillment. Chantal Thompson's jazz singing was another facet that did not merge into the music; all of this made the evening a disappointment.

On a hot Sunday afternoon, Kiran Ahluwalia took the BenQ stage, an open-air venue adjacent to the main tent. Ahluwalia sings ghazals (Urdu love poetry) and Punjabi folk songs. No English here, but she explained each song, which helped those not familiar with the languages to understand the message. Ahluwalia knows how to encompass the emotion in a word and to lift it high, so that it throbs and reverberates with meaning. Her voice soars with the joy of expectation of a young lover, or dips into the dejection and sadness of disappointment. She brought verve and vivacity to the folk songs and imbued the ghazal with pathos.

After seeing Luluk Purwanto at the Jazz Yatra in Bombay in 1986, it would have been a mistake not to catch her performance at this festival. Purwanto appeared with the Helsdingen Trio, featuring René van Helsdingen on piano, Essiet Okon Essiet on bass, and Marcello Pellitteri on drums. The band traversed several idioms that included folk motifs and bop. Purwanto used the violin to essay some vibrant strokes, infusing the songs with striking colour, and then tucked the bow aside to pluck a melody. She also scatted and used her voice in wordless song to lend a greater dimension to the music. As the songs changed tempo within their cycle, Helsdingen punctuated the movement with thick chords, scintillating runs, and some ruminative excursions. Essiet is an expansive bassist, moving into a melody and then getting into a percussive groove by tapping the body of his instrument or running a double collective of chords.


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