Anthony Braxton / Milford Graves / William Parker: Beyond Quantum (2008)
Anthony Braxton has been enjoying a well-deserved resurgence in popularity, courtesy of a growing discography that features collaborations with former students turned rising stars including Taylor Ho Bynum, Mary Halvorson and Jessica Pavone. William Parker has been a galvanizing force in the international scene as key organizer of the Vision Festival, one of today's most important jazz festivals.
In comparison, the legendary Milford Graves is notoriously hermetic. Now a teacher at Bennington College, his days spent supporting Albert Ayler and the New York Art Quartet are long past; he rarely records or plays live. While Braxton and Parker have performed together in the past, this is Graves' first time playing with either, which alone makes this session of historical importance.
The trio operates as a true collective over the course of five lengthy excursions that explore a wide-range of shifting dynamics. Their relentless three-way dialog is a constant evolution of balanced, empathetic interplay.
In a state of continuous flux, Parker and Graves unveil oblique rhythmic patterns that vary in pitch, tone and texture. The woody timbre of Graves' percolating Africanized percussion creates a harmonious polytonal undercurrent for Parker to scatter fragmentary melodic kernels around sparse, well-placed cymbal accents. Parker's elastic phrasing provides Braxton a harmonic anchor for a breathtaking variety of abstract cadences from his arsenal of reeds. Braxton alternates horns frequently, ranging from sopranino to contra-bass saxophones, varying his tonal palette considerably.
Despite this democratic vortex of sound, Braxton often rises above the fray. Free of rigid compositional constraints in this loose, unstructured setting, he sounds inspired as he uncoils a vigorous combination of sinuous and staccato phrases in passages that veer from dolorous tranquility to coruscating frenzy.
Graves and Parker occasionally bring a Pan-African sensibility to the session, which invokes the Sixties-era New Thing. On "Second Meeting" Graves elicits vocal cries reminiscent of the tribal ululations popularized by Leon Thomas. Braxton complies with a mix of squawking sopranino phrases and guttural alto multiphonics while Parker plucks bright tones that recall West African bass patterns. "Fifth Meeting" dispenses with Western harmony and tonality altogether, as Graves' skittering percussion supports a ferocious duet between Braxton's sopranino and Parker's double reeds that culminates in a caterwauling frenzy reminiscent of North African trance music.
All-star free jazz sessions often sound better in theory than they do in execution; this meeting however, sounds timeless. Beyond Quantum is an unexpected and magical recording, a classic destined to top many year end lists.
Track Listing: First Meeting; Second Meeting; Third Meeting; Fourth Meeting; Fifth Meeting.
Personnel: Anthony Braxton: saxophones; Milford Graves: percussion; William Parker: bass.
Record Label: Tzadik
Style: Free Improv/Avant-Garde