Victoriaville is a small prairie city 100 miles northeast of Montreal in Quebec. Its nameor the diminutive "Victo"has become synonymous among a legion of faithful with the diverse music festival that happens there every May. It might not be the biggest festival the town of 40,000 sees every yearthe summer "Retro" '50s fest probably pumps more money into the townbut Victoriaville native Michel Levasseur has built a small empire there. The festival and associated record label, Les Disques Victo, rival any North American festival for diversity and professionalism.
Levasseur isn't one to trumpet anniversaries, but nevertheless this year marks the 25th Festival Internationale de Musique Actuelle de Victoriaville and the 22nd of the Victo label. Taken together, they make a strong argument against classification: jazz, rock, noise and electronic music all come together under the banner musique actuelleliterally "music of the now."
If that disregard for divisions is more of a European programming model than North American, it makes sense to say that Levasseur imported it, carrying the concept with him from the UK. He lived in Scotland for most of the 1970s, where he saw performances by Derek Bailey, Evan Parker and the seminal improv-rock band Henry Cow. He also encountered the German Moers and FMP festivals and record labels, and discovered Incus, the label founded by Bailey and Parker. With the inspirations of both artists and business models, he returned to Canada to start building something at home. In December of 1983 the first festival was held: 13 acts including sets by Skeleton Crew (the duo of Tom Cora former Henry Cow member Fred Frith) and Quebecois guitarist René Lussier. In 1986, Frith and Lussier played together at the festival (with guests including Henry Cow percussionist Chris Cutler); That set became the first Victo release.
"We certainly didn't see the label as a part of the whole thing when we started the festival," Levasseur said. "We were really not sure what musique actuelle was going to be, but we knew we didn't want it to be a jazz festival, a rock festival or a classical festival. After three or four years we started to think of the label as a way to extend our work. With the label we could send a CD to the USA, England, France, and people would begin to know about the festival."
Although still strongly identified with the festival, Victo the label is no longer a part of Productions Platforme, the nonprofit organization that runs the festival. Hoping to secure a part of his work that could take him into retirement, Levasseur broke the label off from the parent organization.
"I was running the label, making all the decisions about content and promotion," he said. "It was more my responsibility, and the festival is the work of a lot of people. I found out that when I left the festival I would have nothing."
Running a record label, however, isn't the retirement plan it once was. Sales are down from an average of 1,300 per title five years ago to 1,100 now, and the number of new titles per year isn't enough to constitute a second career, or a pension.
"We average five to six CDs a year," Levasseur said. "People who are living off their labels have to do 20-25 a year. I work full time on the fest and part-time on the label. It's kind of a hobby, really."
Declining sales aren't the only challenge facing the label. Until 2004, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was taping 10 to 15 concerts at the festival each year for radio broadcast, and those tapes were made available to the label for possible release. Now the label must shoulder the costs of making releasable recordings. While all concerts are recorded from the soundboard, only four to eight are taped for CD release. The up side is that the concerts which are recorded for release are now multi-tracked, as opposed to the two-channel recordings made by the CBC.
The CBC was also less interested in rock and electronic concerts, so without them the label has broadened its scope. The last couple of years have seen releases by the New York sound tribe No Neck Blues Band, a pairing of noise pioneers Borbetomagus and Hiokaidan and a turntable duo by Candians Kid Koala and Martin Tetrault alongside more jazz-leaning records by Anthony Braxton, Satoko Fujii and William Parker. "I don't think the label is representative of the fest completely," Levasseur said. "There's a bit more jazz on the label."