When an artist comes along who convolutes traditional form, it sometimes takes eons for that artist's contribution to be understood, evaluated and finally appreciated. Initially, composer Igor Stravinsky was thrown out of Paris at the premier of "Le Sacre du Printemps," author James Joyce was banned in Boston for Ulysses
," and composer John Cage
ridiculed for his performance of "4'33." The list of convoluters is a long one.
In the 1940s, pianist Thelonious Monk
finally settled on exploring new melodic and harmonic creations made possible by the innovative chord changes and progressions of bebop, and astounded even his revolutionary colleagues at Minton's Playhouse. Because his melodic and harmonic extensions sounded so hip, few sidemen questioned the master's scribbling on the score sheets of his cryptic compositions. Very few of them understood his theories but who could resist standing next to him on a bandstand and playing "Ruby, My Dear," "'Round Midnight," "Pannonica" or "Epistrophy"?
One of the most amusing episodes of musicians trying to figure out what Monk was doing occurs in Charlotte Zwerin's excellent documentary Straight, No Chaser
, produced in 1988. In the film, saxophonist Charlie Rouse
who played with Monk for 10 years (longer than any other tenor man)is seen pouring over a Monk manuscript, unable to decipher a freshly written notation. Rouse, a brilliant intonator with mellifluous sub-tones, played Monk ballads as few others could. He was a quiet individual with dutiful humility. But in this scene he strolls over to Monk, who is seated at the piano, and, as he places the chart in front of his leader, whispers "Is this supposed to be a 'B' or a 'B flat' here?" Monk, perfunctorily gazes over and replies "Whatever you want." Rouse is undaunted. He obediently writes "whatever I want" on the chart and silently slips away, not daring to question his master's paradoxical comment.
In later scenes the film shows a group of all-star jazzers around a piano, many years after Monk's passing, still trying to interpret some esoteric phrase that the bebop legend had written long ago. Another episode to make the film viewer smile.
Recently, several excellent performances and CDs with fresh interpretations and thoughtful executions of Monk's music have virtually flooded Gotham. It has been a Monk extravaganza year, with great benefit to younger musicians and listeners who have only distantly heard about this strange-looking pianist/ composer of yore.
One of the most interesting CDs is by trumpeter Jimmy Owens
, who knew Monk and helped produce one of his last concerts. The Monk Project
(IPO, 2011) is notable for its frontline brass grouping, with trombonist Wycliffe Gordon
and tubaist/ baritone saxophonist Howard Johnson
joining Owens, who plays flugelhorn on some cuts. The sound of the brass layers produces cacophonous utterings that echo Monk's harmonic ideas . The rhythm section, with pianist Kenny Barron
, bassist Kenny Davis
and drummer Winard Harper
, punctuates the session in a manner reminiscent of those early Minton's Playhouse days. Those original Monk harmonies may have been tough sledding for the listeners but they steadfastly packed the Harlem boîte, because the music always swung. Photo Credit
Artwork by John Froehlich