2013: The Year In Jazz

2013: The Year In Jazz
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The West Coast now has a jazz edifice of its own with strong roots, International Jazz Day grew in scope during year two, jazz made its mark on (and off) Broadway, and the number of musicians lost during the year was large and painful. Here's a look at significant happenings across the jazz world over the past 12 months:

SFJazz Center opens

Thirty years after it began as a festival and concert-producing organization, SFJazz opened its $64 million SFJazz Center on January 23. The facility is billed as the first stand-alone building designed for jazz in the United States. It's also the new home of the highly respected SFJazz Collective. The opening night all-star celebration at the facility's 700-seat Robert N. Miner concert hall featured musicians with deep ties to the organization over the years, including saxophonists Joshua Redman
Joshua Redman
Joshua Redman
b.1969
saxophone
and Joe Lovano
Joe Lovano
Joe Lovano
b.1952
saxophone
, and pianists McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner
b.1938
piano
and Chick Corea
Chick Corea
Chick Corea
b.1941
piano
. The concert was broadcast on radio by WBGO and WWOZ, and online by NPR Music.

International Jazz Day, Take Two

This second annual event, co-sponsored by UNESCO and the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz, included local jazz events held in more than 190 countries across the globe on April 30. Its headlining all-star concert at the historic Hagia Eirene in Turkey featured more than 30 jazz musicians from around the world. They included Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
b.1940
piano
, Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
b.1933
saxophone
and Esperanza Spalding
Esperanza Spalding
Esperanza Spalding
b.1984
bass, acoustic
from the United States, Igor Butman
Igor Butman
Igor Butman
b.1961
sax, tenor
from Russia, Anat Cohen
Anat Cohen
Anat Cohen

sax, tenor
from Israel, Hugh Masekela
Hugh Masekela
Hugh Masekela
b.1939
flugelhorn
from South Africa, Keiko Matsui
Keiko Matsui
Keiko Matsui

piano
from Japan, and Milton Nascimento
Milton Nascimento
Milton Nascimento
b.1942
guitar
from Brazil, The site was the first church built in what is now Istanbul, back in the 4th century. UNESCO set aside April 30 as International Jazz Day as a way to "highlight jazz and its diplomatic role of uniting people in all corners of the globe."

Jazz Off and On Broadway

Singer Dee Dee Bridgewater
Dee Dee Bridgewater
Dee Dee Bridgewater
b.1950
vocalist
starred in Lady Day: The Billie Holiday Musical, at Manhattan's Little Shubert Theatre, which ran from October 3 to December 22. Pianist Bill Jolly, bassist James Cammack, drummer Jerome Jennings and saxophonist Neil Johnson had both music and acting roles in this off-Broadway run. It used 25 standards, including "Strange Fruit," "My Man" and "Good Morning Heartache," to tell the inspired and heart-breaking story of Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
1915 - 1959
vocalist
's attempts at a final comeback performance.

On Broadway, Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis
b.1961
trumpet
and the fashion duo Isabel and Ruben Toledo co-created After Midnight, which opened November 3 at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre. The show celebrates Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
1899 - 1974
piano
's years at the Cotton Club, with Ellington's original arrangements and performed by a Jazz at Lincoln Center All Stars big band hand-picked by Marsalis. Ellington's timeless tunes are set against a narrative of Langston Hughes poetry to bring Harlem's Golden Age to a whole new generation. The rotation of special guest star singers during the run includes Toni Braxton, Fantasia and K.D. Lang.

On the record

Two historic jazz labels found new life in 2013. In January, Sony Masterworks revived OKeh Records, the label that released historic early recordings by Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
1901 - 1971
trumpet
, Joe King Oliver
Joe King Oliver
1885 - 1938
cornet
and Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
1899 - 1974
piano
, to featurel feature contemporary artists, including pianists Michel Camilo
Michel Camilo
Michel Camilo
b.1954
piano
, Bob James
Bob James
Bob James
b.1939
piano
and John Medeski
John Medeski
John Medeski

keyboard
, guitarist Bill Frisell
Bill Frisell
Bill Frisell
b.1951
guitar
and saxophonist David Sanborn
David Sanborn
David Sanborn
b.1945
saxophone
. Curiously, the refashioning of this historic "race record" labels of the 1920s did not include black artists in its initial releases.

In August, Verve Music Group & Naxos of America relaunched Bethlehem Records and began a reissue of its 1950s jazz catalog, which documented an important decade for jazz that included West Coast Cool Jazz and East Coast Bop. The label's roster included Art Blakey
Art Blakey
Art Blakey
1919 - 1990
drums
, Chris Connor
Chris Connor
Chris Connor
1927 - 2009
vocalist
, Booker Ervin
Booker Ervin
Booker Ervin
1930 - 1970
sax, tenor
, Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon
1923 - 1990
sax, tenor
, Charles Mingus
Charles Mingus
Charles Mingus
1922 - 1979
bass, acoustic
, Oscar Pettiford
Oscar Pettiford
Oscar Pettiford
1922 - 1960
bass
and Nina Simone
Nina Simone
Nina Simone
1933 - 2003
piano
. For the first time in decades, each of the titles in the Bethlehem reissue are available in their original configuration in LP vinyl, CD and digital formats.

Awards and Honors galore

Bassist Charlie Haden
Charlie Haden
Charlie Haden
1937 - 2014
bass, acoustic
received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at the February 2013 Grammy Awards The major winners in the Grammy Awardsjazz categories were Chick Corea
Chick Corea
Chick Corea
b.1941
piano
and Gary Burton
Gary Burton
Gary Burton
b.1943
vibraphone
for Best Improvised Jazz Solo, "Hot House" track from Hot House (Concord Jazz, 2012); Esperanza Spalding
Esperanza Spalding
Esperanza Spalding
b.1984
bass, acoustic
for Best Jazz Vocal Album, Radio Music Society (Heads Up International, 2012); Pat Metheny
Pat Metheny
Pat Metheny
b.1954
guitar
for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Unity Band (Nonesuch, 2012); Arturo Sandoval
Arturo Sandoval
Arturo Sandoval
b.1949
trumpet
for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album, Dear Diz (Every Day I Think of You)(Concord Jazz, 2012); and the Clare Fischer Latin Jazz Big Band for Best Latin Jazz Album, ¡Ritmo! (Clavo, 2012). The Robert Glasper
Robert Glasper
Robert Glasper
b.1978
piano
Experiment won Best R&B Album for Black Radio (Blue Note, 2012). Jazz was sparse on the Grammy telecast itself, Dr. John
Dr. John
Dr. John
b.1940
piano
and the Preservation Hall Jazz Band joined the Black Keys on their song "Lonely Boy," and Chick Corea
Chick Corea
Chick Corea
b.1941
piano
, Stanley Clarke
Stanley Clarke
Stanley Clarke
b.1951
bass
and Kenny Garrett
Kenny Garrett
Kenny Garrett
b.1960
sax, alto
paid tribute to the late Dave Brubeck
Dave Brubeck
Dave Brubeck
1920 - 2012
piano
with a one-minute, drummer-less take on "Take Five."

The 2013 class of National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters honored on January 14, 2013 at Dizzy's Club Coca Cola in New York included singer-pianist Mose Allison
Mose Allison
Mose Allison
b.1927
composer/conductor
, saxophonist Lou Donaldson
Lou Donaldson
Lou Donaldson
b.1926
saxophone
and pianist Eddie Palmieri
Eddie Palmieri
Eddie Palmieri
b.1936
piano
, and Village Vanguard owner Lorraine Gordon, who received the A.B. Spellman NEA Jazz Masters Award for Jazz Advocacy. The 2014 NEA Jazz Masters honorees who will be inducted January 13, 2014 at Jazz at Lincoln Center are educator, saxophonist, pianist, bassist, banjo player Jamey Aebersold, saxophonist Anthony Braxton
Anthony Braxton
Anthony Braxton
b.1945
reeds
, bassist Richard Davis
Richard Davis
Richard Davis
b.1930
bass
and pianist Keith Jarrett
Keith Jarrett
Keith Jarrett
b.1945
piano
.

The big winners in the 17th annual Jazz Journalists Association Jazz Awards included saxophonist Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
b.1933
saxophone
, trumpeter Wadada Leo Smith
Wadada Leo Smith
Wadada Leo Smith
b.1941
trumpet
and arranger Ryan Truesdell
Ryan Truesdell
Ryan Truesdell

composer/conductor
. Saxophonist Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
b.1930
saxophone
was named Emeritus Jazz Artist—Beyond Voting, which means he's won so many times in various categories (artist of the year, saxophonist of the year, album of the year, etc.) that he is now exempt from the balloting. On the journalism side of the program, Willard Jenkins was honored for Lifetime Achievement in Jazz Journalism, Jazz Times won for Print Periodical of the Year, and AllAboutJazz.com won for Website of the Year, NPR Music's A Blog Supreme won Blog of the Year honors. Nate Chinen of the New York Times won the Helen Dance-Robert Palmer Award for Writing in the Year 2012, Jim Wilke of Jazz After Hours won the Willis Conover-Marian McPartland Award for Broadcasting in the Year 2012, and Skip Bolen's image of trumpeter Lionel Ferbos
Lionel Ferbos
Lionel Ferbos
b.1911
trumpet
won Photo of the Year.

Saxophonist Melissa Aldana
Melissa Aldana
Melissa Aldana

sax, tenor
a native of Chile now based in New York, won the 2013 Thelonious Monk International Jazz Saxophone Competition in September at the Kennedy Center in Washington. She is believed to be the first second-generation competitor. Her father, Marcos Aldana, participated in the 1991 saxophone competition, which launched the career of Joshua Redman
Joshua Redman
Joshua Redman
b.1969
saxophone
. Aldana won a $25,000 scholarship with the Monk Institute and a recording contract with Concord Music Group. Second and third place were won by Tivon Pennicott, originally from Marietta, Ga., and Godwin Louis from Harlem.

Keyboardist, bandleader and composer Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
b.1940
piano
and guitarist Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
b.1947
guitar
were among five American artists who received the 2013 Kennedy Center Honors in December. The other recipients included opera singer Martina Arroyo, pianist, singer and songwriter Billy Joel, and actress Shirley MacLaine.

Pianist and composer Cecil Taylor
Cecil Taylor
Cecil Taylor
b.1929
piano
was among three Americans named a Kyoto Prize laureate in June by the Inamori Foundation. Taylor was awarded the Arts and Philosophy Prize in the field of music. The Japanese award, similar to a Nobel Prize, is given annually to persons who have excelled in the areas of the arts, philosophy, science and technology.

Singer Jazzmeia Horn
Jazzmeia Horn
Jazzmeia Horn

vocalist
won the Sassy Award and $5,000 first prize at 2013 Sarah Vaughan Jazz Vocal Competition on November 11. Horn, a Dallas native, won the festival's Rising Star award in 2012. The event was held at the New Jersey Performing Arts Center as part of the TD James Moody Democracy of Jazz Festival. Barbra Lica was named the first runner-up and Camille Thurman
Camille Thurman
Camille Thurman
b.1986
saxophone
second runner-up. Kate Davis
Kate Davis
Kate Davis
b.1991
vocalist
was named this year's Rising Star.

Cuban-born trumpeter Arturo Sandoval
Arturo Sandoval
Arturo Sandoval
b.1949
trumpet
was one of 16 recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 20. Sandoval's granddaughter, Lola, attended the White House event. President Barack Obama wrote her a "presidential excuse" so she wouldn't get in trouble for missing in school.

Drummer Art Blakey
Art Blakey
Art Blakey
1919 - 1990
drums
, vibes player Lionel Hampton
Lionel Hampton
Lionel Hampton
1908 - 2002
vibraphone
, and Clark Terry
Clark Terry
Clark Terry
b.1920
trumpet
, bandleaders all, were honored in June as the 2013 inductees into the Nesuhi Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame, which is located at Jazz at Lincoln Center.

In only its second edition, the Red Bull Street Kings brass band competition in New Orleans had to change its name, at least informally. The all-female Original Pinettes Brass Band took home the trophy and bragging rights from among the four finalist bands that competed October 26 under the historic Claiborne Bridge in New Orleans' Tremé neighborhood. The Stooges Brass Band won the inaugural Street Kings event in 2010.

Pianist and composer Vijay Iyer
Vijay Iyer
Vijay Iyer
b.1971
piano
was named a recipient of the annual MacArthur Fellowship in late September. Iyer is one of 13 men and 11 women who will receive a no-strings-attached grant of $625,000 (up from the previous amount of $500,000). The award money is paid out over five years.

Alto saxophonist/composer Rudresh Mahanthappa
Rudresh Mahanthappa
Rudresh Mahanthappa
b.1971
sax, alto
was honored by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation as one of its 20 Doris Duke Performing Artist Award recipients for 2013. Each recipient receives an unrestricted, multi-year cash grant of $225,000, plus as much as $25,000 more in targeted support for audience development and as much as $25,000 more for personal reserves or creative exploration during what are commonly retirement years for most Americans.

Armenian-born pianist, composer and singer Tigran Hamasyan has been named the winner of a 2013 Vilcek Prize for Creative Promise in Contemporary Music. The $35,000 award is given by the nonprofit Vilcek Foundation, which is dedicated to raising awareness of immigrant contributions to the arts and sciences.

The Los Angeles Jazz Society honored Latin jazz artists Sheila E., her father, Pete Escovedo
Pete Escovedo
Pete Escovedo
b.1935
percussion
, and brothers Juan and Peter Michael Escovedo at the society's 30th anniversary Jazz Tribute Awards Dinner and Concert at the Hilton Los Angeles/Universal City on October 27. The family was selected as the Society's 2013 Jazz Honoree. Flutist and saxophonist Hubert Laws
Hubert Laws
Hubert Laws
b.1939
flute
was presented with the society's Lifetime Achievement Award.

Trumpeter Theo Croker
Theo Croker
Theo Croker
b.1985
trumpet
, grandson of late trumpeter Doc Cheatham
Doc Cheatham
Doc Cheatham
1905 - 1997
trumpet
, won the 2013 Marcus Belgrave National Jazz Trumpet Competition. In addition to a cash prize of $1,500, Croker performed a set with the Detroit Jazz Festival All-Star Quartet, as with James Carter
James Carter
James Carter
b.1969
sax, tenor
, and participated in a Detroit Jazz Festival panel over Labor Day Weekend. Croker has signed with Dee Dee Bridgewater
Dee Dee Bridgewater
Dee Dee Bridgewater
b.1950
vocalist
's DDB Records, and will release an album, Afro Physicist, next spring.

Broadcaster Ross Porter, president and CEO of Toronto radio station JAZZ.FM91, was named a Member of the Order of Canada in late June by the Governor General of Canada, David Johnston. The award is considered the highest recognition for a lifetime of outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service in Canada.

The New England Council presented 88-year-old Newport Jazz Festival founding producer and pianist George Wein
George Wein
George Wein
b.1925
piano
with its New Englander of the Year award on October 16 in Boston. Prior to starting the Newport festival in 1954, Wein founded the Boston night club Storyville at the Copley Square Hotel.

Trumpeter Kenny Dorham
Kenny Dorham
Kenny Dorham
1924 - 1972
trumpet
was honored with a plaque in his birthplace, Fairfield, Texas.

It was permanent honors twice over for trumpeter Miles Davis
Miles Davis
Miles Davis
1926 - 1991
trumpet
in 2013. In May, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission honored Davis by placing a medallion at 312 W. 77th Street in Manhattan, the brownstone townhouse that Davis bought in 1958. The building was his home and working environment for 25 years. In mid-December that block of West 77th Street, between Riverside Drive and West End Avenue, was officially renamed as "Miles Davis Way."

Supporters of a planned sculpture in Davis' hometown of Alton, Illinois, have selected a permanent site for the work, which is being created by artist Preston Jackson. The Davis memorial, to be placed in the middle of the city's historic entertainment district, is planned for an unveiling on May 26, 2014, which would have been the trumpeter's 88th birthday.

Just call it Forever Ray. The United States Postal Service issued a Ray Charles
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
1930 - 2004
piano
stamp in its Music Icons Forever series on September 23, which would have been the singer's 83rd birthday. A day later, Concord Records released a CD/DVD collection called Ray Charles Forever (Concord, 2013).

Jazz Venue Ups and Downs

The jazz club scene went through its usual pattern of expansions and contractions in 2013, plus word of a plan to go green in Brooklyn. The Bethesda Theater, a historic art deco movie house in Bethesda, Maryland, reopened as Bethesda Blues and Jazz Supper Club. Rassellas Jazz Club on Fillmore Street in San Francisco closed after a 17-year run. Dante's Down the Hatch, an Atlanta restaurant and jazz club since 1970, also closed—to make room for a high-rise apartment complex. The Birdland jazz club in Hamburg, Germany, closed in June after three decades, putting a crimp in the city's jazz scene. Toronto got a new jazz club, The Jazz Bistro, which took over the site of th Top O'The Senator jazz club which closed in 2005. Saxophonist{Malachi Basden unveiled plans to transform a vacant Brooklyn lot into a greenhouse farm by day and a jazz venue by night. The Jazzaponics greenhouse project would grow fresh produce for local residents, and serve as a networking site featuring food and live jazz two nights a week.

Other Notable Moments

That's a Wrap

David Simon's fascinating, reality-based HBO drama "Treme" concluded its fourth and final season on December 28. The series focused on day-to-day personal and institutional struggles as New Orleans' emerged from the wrath and serious problems caused by the flooding after Hurricane Katrina. Real musicians got a lot of exposure—and work—on the show. What a marvelous showcase for a wide array of talent. The music provided a thread for the series from beginning to end, just as it is the city's cultural heartbeat. May "Treme" live on mightily through reruns, and may the city take heed of the continuing issues and challenges that were spotlighted by Simon and his talented team.

Improvise with care in Cuba

Popular Havana-based jazz-fusion bandleader Roberto Carcasses sang a few improvised lines at a concert on September 12 that may have cost him his career in Cuba. His group Interactivo was the closing act at a nationally televised concert held at the Anti-Imperialist Plaza in front of the U.S. Interests Section in Havana. According to an AP report, Carcasses sang about his desire for "free access to information so I can have my own opinion.... I want to elect the president by direct vote and not some other way. Neither militants nor dissidents, (we are) all Cubans with the same rights." Within days, there were reports that Carcasses "has been separated from the music industry" for an indefinite time period.

Paying it forward

Troy Andrews, better known as Trombone Shorty
Trombone Shorty
Trombone Shorty
b.1986
trombone
, started the Trombone Shorty Academy in New Orleans in January 2013. In this program, established musicians from the city "will work with under-served high school musicians, teaching New Orleans musical traditions like brass-band, trad-jazz and gospel." It will run in partnership with the New Orleans Center for the Gulf South on Tulane University's campus. Tulane instructors will work with high school musicians, teaching New Orleans musical traditions. Tulane students will also mentor the young performers through the school's service learning program.

On the legal front

Kelly Peterson, the widow of piano great Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
1925 - 2007
piano
, filed a $1 million copyright infringement lawsuit against singer Hilary Kole
Hilary Kole
Hilary Kole

vocalist
. The February lawsuit claimed that Kole gave four unreleased recordings to an Internet radio station. Kole recorded the four tracks with Peterson months before his death in December 2007. Kelly Peterson is seeking the return of the recordings as well as a monetary award. In late August, guitarist Paul Batiste from New Orleans filed suit against rap stars T-Pain, Rick Ross, DJ Khaled and others, including many rap record labels, for illegally sampling his band's music. Batiste, a member of the Batiste Brothers Band, seeks $100 million, alleging the parties "wrongfully copied nearly every song" in their back catalog ... "poach[ing] beats, lyrics, melodies and chords," and even song titles.

Big thanks for student jazz

For many years, local jazz lover Oliver Dyer Colvin Jr. sat in anonymity in the Berklee College of Music's Boston recital halls, savoring the sound of jazz being made by Berklee students. After his death two summers ago, the retired businessman left Berklee an estimated $8.1 million in his will, the largest financial gift it has ever received. Berklee said it intends to use the bequest for campus renovations and student scholarships. And it will name a 100-seat recital hall the "Oliver Colvin Room."

House of jazz history

Guitarist Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
b.1947
guitar
held an October benefit in New York to raise funds for an effort to turn saxophonist John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John Coltrane
1926 - 1967
saxophone
's former home in Dix Hills, Long Island into an education center. Coltrane and his wife, Alice Coltrane
Alice Coltrane
Alice Coltrane
1937 - 2007
piano
, raised their children there. It is also where Coltrane wrote A Love Supreme. The Friends of the Coltrane Home nonprofit organization plans to temporarily open the Coltrane house to the public next year in honor of the album's anniversary. The house has changed hands several times and gone into disrepair since Coltrane died in 1967. The National Trust for Historic Preservation has named the home one of America's 11 most endangered historic places.

Towering jazz

Artist Richard Wyatt's colorful jazz mural on the Capitol Records Tower in Hollywood, created in 1990 to honor dozens of jazz greats including Chet Baker
Chet Baker
Chet Baker
1929 - 1988
trumpet
, Nat "King" Cole
Nat
Nat "King" Cole
1919 - 1965
piano
, Miles Davis
Miles Davis
Miles Davis
1926 - 1991
trumpet
, Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
1917 - 1996
vocalist
and Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
1915 - 1959
vocalist
, has been restored to counteract the effects of two decades of sun and smog. The colorful artwork, which took Wyatt nine months to create originally, was fired onto 12-inch-square ceramic tiles this time around to give it a longer life.

A historic visual treasure

Jazz at Lincoln Center in 2013 acquired the extensive collection of the late photo collector Frank Driggs. JALC praised the trove in its press release as "the greatest archive of jazz photographs in the world."

2013 Final Bars

There were many losses in the jazz world during 2013, ranging from NEA Jazz Masters Donald Byrd
Donald Byrd
Donald Byrd
1932 - 2013
trumpet
, Jim Hall
Jim Hall
Jim Hall
1930 - 2013
guitar
, Chico Hamilton
Chico Hamilton
Chico Hamilton
1921 - 2013
drums
, Marian McPartland
Marian McPartland
Marian McPartland
1918 - 2013
piano
, Cedar Walton
Cedar Walton
Cedar Walton
1934 - 2013
piano
and Frank Wess
Frank Wess
Frank Wess
1922 - 2013
sax, tenor
to several relative youngsters, including bassist Dwayne Burno
Dwayne Burno
Dwayne Burno
1970 - 2013
bass
, broadcaster Bobby Jackson and drummer Ricky Lawson. A comprehensive listing follows.

Accordionists Dominguinhos, Tommy Gumina, Arnstein Johansen.

Banjo player Walter Chamberlain; banjo player and theater professor Buzz Podewell; banjo player, pianist and singer Mike Vreeland; banjo, guitar and pianist Dave Wilson; banjo and guitarist Les Muscutt.

Bassists Trigger Alpert, Rob Amster, Kürşat And, Grant Austin, Dwayne Burno, Peter Dyksman, Raymond Eldridge Jr., Colin Gieg, Steve Knight, Alf "Totole" Masselier, Yngve Moe, Robert Quibel, Paul Ruhland, Ben Tucker, Butch Warren, David Wertman; bassists and arrangers Victor Ntoni, Meinhard Puhl; bassists and tuba players Phil Darois, Julian Davies; electric bassist Mathias Lecharlier; bassist, singer, composer, producer and publisher Rolf Graf; bassist and trumpeter Jean Lerusse; bassist, pianist and club owner Jerry Heldman; bassist and singer Seerge Oustiakine.

Bassoonist Kenneth Pasmanick; bassoonist and oboe player Lindsay Cooper; bassoonist, saxophonist, composer and A&R executive Don Hassler.

Cellist Fred Katz; cellist, conductor and composer Kermit Moore.

Clarinetists Syl Dopson, Bobby Gordon, Rozanne Levine, Terry Lightfoot, Jack Maheu, Dick Ramberg, Roy Superior; clarinetist and saxophonist René Net; clarinetist, composer, arranger and bandleader "Jazzy Joe" Pereira; clarinetist, singer and songwriter Eddie Defacq; clarinetists, writers and comedians Rolv Wesenlund, Mike Winters.

Composers Gerardo Gandini, José Artemio Castañeda Hechavarria ("Maracaibo"), Steve Martland, Bob Thompson; composer, arranger, conductor and cornetist Butch Morris; composer, arranger, conductor and trombonist Frank Comstock; composer, conductor, viola player, broadcaster and editor Manfred Niehaus; composer, arranger, concert producer and filmmaker Edward Bland; composer, arranger and percussionist Vince Montana Jr.; composer and scientist Paulo Vanzolini; composers and pianists Bob Friedman, Harold Shapero; composer, educator and broadcaster Donald John; lyricist Jack Reardon.

Conductor, arranger, pianist and record producer Mats Olsson;

Cornetist and painter Jörgen Zetterquist; cornetist and lawyer Eberhard Glauner; cornetist and broadcaster Ted Howes; cornetist and educator Howard Brofsky.

Drummers Rich Austin, Gino Bocchino, Steve Ellington, Tony Hopkins, Wayne Jones, Jim Lackey, Ricky Lawson, Butch Lewis, Vinnie Owens, Webster Phillips, Ed Shaughnessy, Oscarito Valdés, José Wampach, Ricky Wellman, Dan Whitner, Pete Ypma; drummer and conductor James DePreist; drummer and singer Rune Carlsson; drummer and conguero Daniel Ponce; timbalero Edgardo Morales; drummer and producer Henry Wallin; drummer, broadcaster, actor and public official Bob Lasprogato; drummer and timbalero Steve Berrios; drummer and educator "Papa Joe" Pulice; drummer, trombonist and harmonica player Donald Bailey; drummer, composer, bandleader and educator Ronald Shannon Jackson; drummer, percussionist and educator John Bergamo; heart surgeon, educator and drummer Robert Litwak; drummer and record label founder Anders Burman; drummer, bandleader, producer, educator, actor and NEA Jazz Master Chico Hamilton.

Flautist and saxophonist Sam Most.

Guitarists Davey Adkins, Martino Atagana, Steve Blailock, Toto Blanke, Rudolf Dašek, Jerry Gordon, Jef Lee Johnson, André Jorro, Chester Krolewicz (aka Chet Kruley), Bobby Lonero, Walter Malosetti, Harry Miller, Morten Molster, Richard Muller, Billy Mure, Jimmy Ponder, Jarek Śmietana, Johnny Smith, Dan Toler, Frank Tribble, Miguel de Vega ("El Niño Miguel"); guitarist and NEA Jazz Master Jim Hall; guitarist and singer Heinrich "Bawo" Reinhardt; guitarist and broadcaster Paco Strickland; guitarist and singer-songwriter Tony Sheridan; guitarist and educator John LaChapelle; guitarist, harmonica player, arranger and producer Hugh McCracken; guitarist and ethnomusicologist Bob Brozman; guitarist and composer César Portillo de la Luz; guitarist, singer and songwriter J.J. Cale; guitarist, composer and educator Walter Malosetti; guitarist, composer and arranger Oscar Castro-Neves; guitarst, composer, arranger and writer Senén Suárez; guitarist, bassist and keyboardist Alberto Pizzigoni; guitarist and instrument developer Bill Lawrence; guitarist, comedian and actor Stan Stennett; guitarist, composer, producer and music educator Farid Ali.

Keyboardists and composers George Duke, Murray McNabb; keyboardist, bassist, composer and arranger Lanier Greig; keyboardist and singer Don Blackman; keyboardist, guitarist, percussionist and singer Ray Manzarek.

Mbira player and singer Chiwoniso Maraire.

Multi-instrumentalist Red Balaban; multi-instrumentalist and educator Brian Brown; multi-instrumentalist, painter, composer and entertainer Eddy Doorenbos; multi-instrumentalist, arranger and educator Alfons Wonneberg; multi-instrumentalist and big band leader Louie Leon; multi-instrumentalist and composer Kim Sanders.

Organist Mel Rhyne.

Percussionists Wilson Moorman, Karl Potter, Jerry Steinholtz; percussionist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, conductor and instrument inventor and archivist Dean Drummond; percussionist and sculptor Walter DeMaria.

Pianists Pepsi Auer, Adrian Bentzon, Claude Black, Rahn Burton, Father John D'Amico, Philippe Decae, January Dirks, Boyd Lee Dunlop, Flip Gehring, Bob Greene, Manolo Guardia, Jancsy Körössy, Richard Madgwick, Lorna Michaelson, Dwike Mitchell, Dick Morgan, Nate Morgan, Donald Shirley, Mac Smith, Gil Suarez, Joshua Wolff; pianist, composer, broadcaster and NEA Jazz Master Marian McPartland; pianist, composer, bandleader and NEA Jazz Master Cedar Walton; pianists and composers Kris Goessens, Bengt Hallberg, Tom Parker, John Porter, David Torres, Stan Tracey, Armando Travaioli, György Vukan; pianists, composers and bandleaders George Gruntz, Horacio Icasto, Bebo Valdés; pianist and bandleader Bryan Jones; pianist, composer, educator and singer Xoli Nkosi; pianist and songwriter Bobby Sharp; pianist, director and cinematographer Alain Mottet; pianist, composer and singer Reinhard Lakomy; pianists and singers Doctor Gabs, Chester Harriott, Jeanne Arland Peterson; pianist, singer and actor Lou Myers; pianist and sound engineer Leopold von Knobelsdorff; pianist, composer and educator Frank Sumares; pianist, singer, songwriter, actor and comedian Enzo Jannacci; filmmaker, actor, composer and pianist Jess Franco; pianist and organist Joe Killian; pianists and educators Yelena Jurayeva, Mulgrew Miller; pianist, composer, arranger and conductor Paul Smith; pianist, composer and educator Larry Karush; pianist and painter Pierre Hennebelle; pianist, arranger and producer Bobby Martin; pianist singer and bandleader Paul Kuhn; pianist, drummer and singer Ken Gordon; pianist, author and educator Jimmy Amadie; pianist, arranger, bandleader and record producer Rune Öfwerman.

Saxophonists Joe Aaron, Joop Ayal, George Barrow, Vince Bovill, Marty Braatz, Cedric Brooks, Del Dako, Tim Eddy, Sam Falzone, Harry Fulcher, Bert Houtheusen, Eddie Kaye, Dim Kesber, Gary LeFebvre, Julius Lewis, Andy Mackintosh, Bernie McGann, Kalaparusha Maurice McIntyre, Thony Moïse, Herbie Morgan, Eddie Perez, Victor Powell, Arthur "Doc" Rando, Billy Root, Val Valente, Tommy Whittle, George Williams, Bert Wilson, Mike Zinzen; saxophonist and pianist Ross Taggart; saxophonist and composer Nic Gotham; saxophonist, composer and educator Herb Geller; saxophonist and promoter Jesse Coleman; saxophonists and educators Jesse Andrus, Claas Willekie; saxophonist, composer and bandleader Kerry Strayer; saxophonist, singer, composer and screenwriter Don Nelson; saxophonist and woodwinds repairman Ernie Sola; saxophonist and actor By Goldschmidt; saxophonist, writer and psychoanalyst Christian Gailly; saxophonist, clarinetist and physician Mortimer Katz; saxophonists and clarinetists Roger Asselberghs, Eddie Pawl; saxophonist, flutist and NEA Jazz Master Frank Wess; saxophonist, arranger, bandleader and producer Bob Gillett; saxophonist and bandleader Ed Lewis; saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, educator and writer Yusef Lateef.

Singers Jack Alessi, Patty Andrews, Page Morton Black, Noa Bursie, Mariano Civico, Pam Crain, Jimmy Damon, Daniel Darc, Terry Devon, Odette Etienne, Virginia Gibson, Sheila Giles, Eydie Gorme, Cyril Green (aka Big Chief Iron Horse of the Black Seminoles), Jane Harvey, Donna Hightower, Estelle Katz, Bi Kidude, Marilyn King, June Korneliussen, Gloria Lynne, Sharon Mosby, Ginou Oriol, Gia Maiaone Prima, Rita Reys, Bobbi Rogers, Wendy Saddington, Emilio Santiago, Jenny Wang, Norma Zenteno; singers and actresses Marta Heflin, Patti Page, Fran Warren; singers, actresses and educators Susan Hight Denny, Silvi Vrait; singer, composer and showman Francisco "El Gran" Fellove; singers, pianists and organists Judy Jordan, Jerry Scott; singer-songwriter Sathima Bea Benjamin; singer, songwriter and keyboardist Steve Knight; singer-songwriter, pianist and TV music director Robert Linden; singer and drummer Kelly Hagy; singer, guitarist, bassist and educator Carline Ray; singer and educator Eva González Griñán; singer, pianist and bandleader Paul Kuhn; singer and guitarist Frank D'Rone; singer, composer and guitarist Christopher Monyoncho; singer and bandleader Tabu Ley Rochereau.

Synthesizer player and painter Dennis Palmer.

Trombonists Robert Carter, Tom Ebert, Svatopluk Košvanec, Sherman Mitchell, David Pogson, Jack Purcell, Sonny Russo; trombonist, arranger and educator George Addison West; trombonist, educator and electro-theremin developer Paul Tanner; trombonists and educators J. Wayne Dyess, David Milburn, Don Nelson; trombonist and composer Alain Gibert; trombonist, composer and bandleader Günter Fuhlisch; trombonist and bandleader Rudy Weeks.

Trumpeters Joe Ambrosia, Henrik Otto Donner, Pat Halcox, Albert Langue, Al Porcino, Herbie Saurer, Barbara Donald Simmons, Bernard Vitet, Derek Watkins, Eddie Williams, Silverio 'Berry' Yaneza; trumpeter, bandleader, educator and NEA Jazz Master Donald Byrd; trumpeters and singers Andrew Senatore, Sweet Lou Wilson; trumpeter and broadcaster Ross Gentile; trumpeter, valve trombonist, composer, arranger and educator Dirk Fischer; trumpeter and theater director Jérôme Savary; trumpeter and singer Kenny Ball; trumpeter, jazz club owner and writer Solly Lipsitz; trumpeter and guitarist Robbie Fraser; trumpeter, bassist and singer Cliff Wren; trumpeter and bandleader Ollie Mitchell; trumpeter and broadcast journalist Jim Sutherland; trumpeters and educators Laurie Frink, Bobby Meyer; trumpeter, composer, arranger and educator Al Kiger; trumpeter and bandleader Gordon Dooley.

Vibraphonist, percussionist and composer Peter Appleyard.

Western Swing fiddler Curly Lewis.

Poet Wanda Coleman; poet, dancer and singer Trudy Morse.

Tap dancer Harold "Stumpy" Cromer.

Instrument maker Robert Zildjian; sound engineer Ray Dolby.

Music executives and producers Koloi Lebona, Chief Joseph Afolabi Olayiwola, Seth Rothstein, Ashton Springer; music promoter, nightclub owner and lawyer Stanley Snadowsky; concert promoter, record producer and record store owner Eddy DeMello; record producers Phil Ramone, Aldo Sinesio; nightclub owner and politician Ike Dixon; record producer and trumpeter Mack Emerman; concert producer and manager Jimi Metag; concert producers Heinz Krassnitzer, Jim Ruffner; jazz club owner and community activist Dickie Habersham-Bey; club owners Mike Canterino, Kenny Giordano; jazz patron and writer Mimi Melnick; manager and/or lawyer Nat Weiss; manager, promoter and club founder Bill Johnston; concert promoter and jazz club owner Fritz Rau; manager and impresario Sid Bernstein; producer, composer and guitarist Henri Debs; record store owner and character actyor Murray Gershenz; producer and saxophonist Al Etto; jazz society executive and jazz festival founder Jerry Roucher; record label owner, club owner and broadcast executive George H. Buck.

Montreux Jazz Festival founder Claude Nobs; jazz festival organizers Eric Beauvois, René Caumer, Robert McCabe; jazz festival organizer and educator James Cunningham; festival producer Wojciech Juszczak.

Publicist Virginia Wicks; record promoter, producer and agent Dick LaPalm.

Political adviser, National Jazz Museum co-founder and saxophonist Leonard Garment; politician and jazz patron Günther Metzger.

Broadcasters Charles Chilton, Louie Cook, Gene Elzy, Ross Gentile, Don Gordon, Bobby Jackson, Arch McKirdy, Alan Zechariah; broadcaster and Ottawa Jazz Festival programmer Jacques Emond; broadcaster, percussionist, pianist, composer, music producer and educator Ibrahim González; broadcaster and writer Bill Garts; broadcaster and concert producer Chuck Adams; broadcaster, record label co-founder and New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival co-founder Larry McKinley; British jazz researcher and discographer Chris Sheridan.

Jazz educator and writer James S. Patrick; black music scholar Dena Epstein.

Writers Frank Gray, Oscar Hijuelos, Steve Jones, Albert Murray, Alfredo Papo, Ken Vail, Tim Stüttgen; jazz writer and discographer Chris Sheridan; writer and historian Jim Godbolt; writers and editors Raúl Mao, Hans Massaquoi; writer and producer Pierre Lafargue; writer and music executive Dominic Cerulli; writer, broadcaster and concert presenter Werner Wunderlich; writer and educator Avril Dankworth; writer, art critic, vibes player and composer Ulf Linde; writer, editor, musicologist and jazz festival co-founder Lubomir Dorůžka.

Photographers Earl Callaway, Wayne Miller, Lee Tanner; photographer and writer Jacques Bisceglia; photographer and concert organizer Karlheinz Klüter; photographer, promoter and producer Isio Saba.

Filmmakers Jean Bach, Les Blank, Edward C. Kurtz Jr.; filmmaker and photographer Bert Stern; cinematographer Gilbert Taylor.

Entertainment lawyer and civil rights activist James Tolbert.

Blues and gospel artists, and industry figures Joe Bihari, Johnnie Billington, Bobby "Blue" Bland, Texas Johnny Brown, Precious Bryant, Al Carter, Roscoe Chenier, Eric "Guitar" Davis, Jimmy Dawkins, "Dangerous Dan" Earnest, T-Model Ford, Steve Hay, Pete Haycock, George Higgs, Gigi Hines, Morris Holt (aka Magic Slim), Artwork Jamal, Atwell Jansen, Al Johnson, Joe Kelley, Eric Kitteringham, Alvin Lee, Little Leon (Horace Mills), Shirley Lewis, Little Willie Littlefield, Juke Logan, Jackie Lomax, Mary Love, J.D. Mark, Darlene McCrea, Lawrence McKiver, Ready Teddy McQuiston (Terence McQuiston), Martin Miglioretti (aka Martino), Bill Mills (aka Rusty Chopps), Johnny V. Mills, Bobby Parker, Richard Patt, Di Anne Price, Ann Rabson, Piano C. Red (James Wheeler), Bob Reuter, Larry Robinson, Blackie Schackner, Walti Schneider, Stevie "Maroono" Sekul, Sid Selvidge, George Beverly Shea, Cleotha Staples, Brent Stratten, Pepa Streichl, Roosevelt Twitty, Ivo Varts, Clark Vreeland, Andy "Chicken Legs" Weaver, Mike Westhues, Artie White, Chick Willis.

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